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  • Type
    Author
    Circle Economy
    Publication Date
    06/2019
    Country
    EU
    Language for original content
    Harald Friedl

    Local government programmes that encourage and support circular economy practices, such as repair, recycling and circular design activities help attract new investment, create jobs and result in tangible socio-economic benefits for the city and its people, reveals the report: The Role of Municipal Policy in the Circular Economy: Investment, Jobs and Social Capital in Circular Cities.
     

    The report explores the connection between municipalities pursuing circular economy policy and investments in circular business that create jobs. In order to maximise circularity's benefits for society, municipalities can employ a series of regulatory, economic and soft instruments that include strategies, targets, loans and subsidies, which are all also conducive to generating employment.

  • Type
    Author
    Joel Ahlgren
    Publication Date
    06/2019
    Country
    Sweden
    Language for original content
    Joel Ahlgren - Global Utmaning
    Circular Baltic 2030 - Circular economy in the Baltic Sea Region (BSR) is a report produced by the Swedish independent think-tank Global Utmaning.

    It is a collection of circular economy best practices supporting the implementation of the European Union Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region and covering the EU Member States of Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland and Sweden as well as the partner countries Norway and Russia. The report also showcases a number of circular economy best practices from around the world.
  • Activities, such as reusable water bottles, are part of a circular economy
    Type
    Author
    Trudy Rood
    Maikel Kishna
    Publication Date
    05/2019
    Country
    Netherlands
    Language for original content
    Scope
    Trudy Rood
    In many countries, governments are looking for ways to transform their economy into one that is circular, or to improve the level of resource efficiency (e.g. see the EU programme ‘Closing the loop’ or the World Circular Economy Forum).

    To do so effectively, having an overview of the current state of circular activities in the economy is important. To date, such an overview has been lacking. This PBL report provides an outline of the current state of the circular economy in the Netherlands. It also provides information that may be of interest to other countries and presents opportunities and suggestions for subsequent steps towards achieving a circular economy.
  • Type
    Author
    Chloé Fayole
    Doreen Fedrigo
    Ioana Popescu
    Publication Date
    06/2019
    Country
    Belgium
    Language for original content
    Scope
    Doreen Fedrigo
    This report examines the actual implementation of existing measures and potentially relevant new approaches for deepening the application of ecodesign principles for plastic materials and products containing plastic.

    It looks at a number of sectors which rely heavily on plastic, including packaging, construction, electronics, automotive, furniture and textiles. The study assesses a wide range of criteria and tools available in horizontal and product regulations, as well as so-called soft tools such as standards, Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) schemes and the EU Ecolabel.

    The report also looks at the potential of these tools for driving circularity and opportunities for extending promising solutions to other sectors.
  • Statement
    Author
    Architects' Council of Europe (ACE)
    Publication Date
    06/2019
    Country
    EU
    Language for original content
    Key Area
    Scope
    Pierre Obajtek
    On the occasion of the World Circular Economy Forum (WCEF), held on 4-5 June 2019 in Helsinki, the Architects' Council of Europe (ACE) published a Statement highlighting the importance of design to achieve more circularity in the construction and building sector, as well the solutions that architecture can bring.

    Like many other sectors, the construction and building sectors operate largely within a linear economy model of “take, make and waste”. Yet, there is growing awareness of the finite nature of natural resources and fragility of our environment, and thereby of the urgent need to develop more sustainable and regenerative economic models.

    Architecture has a crucial role to play here as many decisions taken during the design phase have long-lasting consequences on the environmental performance of a building. Developing circular economy principles in the built environment is fundamentally about changing the way we design our buildings to ensure that they can be operated, maintained, repaired, re-used or adapted to new needs, while optimising resource value and generating as little waste as possible. If high-quality architecture can create significant value, conversely, ill-conceived buildings can cause considerable waste and costs, both in the short term as well as for future generations.

    Designing and building in a circular manner requires acknowledging that a building is above all a support for life. Beyond optimising the use of resources for their own sake, it is essential to seek to preserve and enhance the economic, social, environmental and cultural value that a place embodies for end-users, so that it can be used for the longest possible time.

    The Statement presents different architectural solutions promoting circularity, focusing on preserving and enhancing the value of resources. It also puts forward some policy recommendations to support the architectural approach to circularity.
  • Publication Cover
    Type
    Author
    Charlotte Breen, C40 Cities
    Peter Vangsbo, EIT Climate-KIC
    Publication Date
    12/2018
    Country
    EU
    Language for original content
    Peter Vangsbo
    This publication, managed and delivered by C40 Cities, provides 40 thorough examples of practical circular economic initiatives from cities around the world, for inspiration and replications by other cities.

    The Climate-KIC Circular Cities project is investigating how city governments can be transformational change agents and creators of smart and sustainable neighbourhoods.

    The results are expected to improve how cities manage building, construction and utility waste and, through productively utilizing household and industrial waste streams, can increase the growing perception that what was once viewed as waste can now be viewed as resource streams.
  • The EU faces multiple challenges (climate crisis, environmental disasters, a lack of competitiveness, falling behind in the digital race, etc.) that it will need to address if it is to ensure long-term sustainable prosperity for European citizens. At the same time, there are two ongoing transitions – the creation of a circular economy and the digital transformation – that could provide the means to address these challenges, if they are managed well.

    As the EU and national policymakers are making significant efforts to promote a circular economy on the one hand and a digital economy on the other, Annika Hedberg and Stefan Šipka, together with Johan Bjerkem, argue that it is time to align the agendas as a means to achieve greater sustainability and competitiveness.

    This publication:
    • demonstrates what digitalisation means in the context of a circular economy;
    • considers what a greater focus on sustainability would mean for the digital transition;
    • examines the role of the EU policy framework, tools and initiatives in steering a (digital) transition towards a (digital) circular economy and makes recommendations for EU institutions for the next five year.
    It suggests that the EU must:
    • think systemically, define a vision and act;
    • provide an adequate governance framework and economic incentives for a (digital) transition to a (digital) circular economy;
    • encourage collaboration across European society and economy as well as globally, and empower its citizens to contribute to the transition.

    This Discussion Paper builds on the findings of the EPC’s "Digital Roadmap for a Circular Economy" project of 2017-19 and paves the way for a more extensive final study, scheduled to be published in the late autumn of 2019.

    The project has been supported by Aalto University and the Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke) (members of Helsinki EU Office), Central Denmark region, Climate-KIC, the Estonian Ministry of the Environment, Estonian Environment Investment Centre, HP, Orgalim, the province of Limburg, UL, Fondazione Cariplo and Cariplo Factory.
  • circular_construction_in_practice
    Type
    Author
    Hubert Bukowski
    Wioletta Fabrycka
    Publication Date
    06/2019
    Country
    Poland
    Language for original content
    Hubert Bukowski
    The report of the Institute of Innovation and Responsible Development, is the result of a collaboration between the representatives of the organizations participating in the "Circular construction in practice" debates under the Polish Circular Hotspot. It presents an analysis of the implementation of the circular model in the construction sector.

    First, it identifies the causes of the current state of play, which have elevated the built environment to the top spot among the largest polluters of the natural environment.

    Second, it analyses the basic barriers on the way to circular construction.

    Third, it presents specific ways to reduce these barriers, with a view to making sustainable construction a reality.

    Fourth, special attention is paid to specific, innovative technologies to improve resource efficiency and, as a result, improve the economic, environmental and social impact of the construction sector.
  • Type
    Author
    Circle Economy
    Erasmus Happiness Economics Research Organisation
    Goldschmeding Foundation
    Publication Date
    06/2019
    Country
    Netherlands
    Language for original content
    Municipal circular economy policy
    Scope
    Circle Economy has recently published a report entitled The Role of Municipal Policy in the Circular Economy: Investment, Jobs and Social Capital in Circular Cities, which summarises the results of a study in collaboration with the Erasmus Happiness Economics Research Organisation and the support of the Goldschmeding Foundation. The report explores the link between municipalities pursuing circular economy policy and investments in circular business for job creation. It also examines more closely how businesses perceive municipal support for the circular economy.

    The report provides an overview of the estimated gross employment effects of municipal circular economy policy; it shows how municipalities can use a range of regulatory, economic and soft instruments to ensure the circular development of cities. The municipal mandate embraces public policy that is directly linked to circular economy activities. Municipal circular policies promote job creation, while loans and subsidies for circular economy activities help to overcome financial barriers.

    The report also provides an insight into five concrete examples of policy intervention for the circular economy in some of Europe's major cities, such as Barcelona Zero Waste Strategy and Paris Circular Economy Roadmap. The results described in the report show a positive relationship between these circular economy policies and job creation. For further illustration, in a different section of the document, there are eight examples of businesses active in the circular economy, and how they perceive these policy interventions.

    The report is limited to job opportunities created by foreign investment only, and does not cover all the small sectors that do not receive this type of investment.




     
  • Type
    Author
    Circle Economy
    ARA
    Publication Date
    06/2019
    Country
    Austria
    Language for original content

    On 19 June 2019, Altstoff Recycling Austria (ARA) and Circle Economy released the Circularity Gap Report Austria, the first measure of circularity for a nation state.

    Experts and peer reviewers included CEC4Europe, the Austrian Federal Ministry of Sustainability and Tourism, the Federal Environment Agency, the Federation of Austrian Industries, the Austrian Chamber of Commerce, TU Vienna, the INZIN Institute and the City of Vienna. This landmark report paves the way for nations to lead the transition from a linear economy of Take-Make-Waste to a circular economy.
     
    The analysis, commissioned by ARA, found a circularity rate for Austria of 9.7%, ahead of the figure of 9.1% in Circle Economy’s Global Circularity Gap report published in January 2019.
     

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