Birmingham is Britain’s youngest and fastest growing city, boasting the highest quality of life of any English city outside London. The city also has the strongest economy outside the capital and is one of the first cities to adopt a proactive industrial symbiosis approach to develop a medium and long-term strategy for sustainable economic development. Often described as ‘the circular economy in action’, the projects born from the industrial symbiosis approach are part of Birmingham’s circular economy strategy.
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Program of action for the development of a local circular economy strategy.
The Granada Sur Biorefinery of Emasagra has set up an ambitious environmental strategy in order to become European circular economy reference in the field of sanitation and wastewater treatment.
Increasing the demand for repair services and Networking for repairing companies
The city of Almere, working together with local stakeholders and the company Millvision, has developed an innovative circular economy partnership. Mowed plants from the local lake instead of just being disposed of, are now being integrated by Millvision, a paper company, in to biomass blends used to produce sustainable paper. The aquatic plant is a local and renewable input to the production of the paper but it also "circular" as something that would be discarded as waste is re-valued as a raw material used in production.
Cities of Making addresses the challenge of re-industrialisation in urban areas, where circular economy will have a key role. The project aims at developping a toolkit for policy makers to promote urban manufacturing in a transition economy.
Household organic waste and small plants: door to door collection solves the composting dilemma for inhabitants in Milan
The door to door households organic waste collection plan was first introduced in November 2012 in one quarter of the city of Milan and then was extended to the whole city in June 2014. Collection frequency is twice a week.The aim of the separate collection of food waste is to divert this material from incineration and to send it to AD for production of biogas and good quality compost.
The Farmacie Comunali of the city of Genoa, in partnership with the Associazione Gigi Ghirotti, organise the collection of unused pharmaceuticals to provide for the needs of those who would otherwise struggle to afford them. Through this project, Genoa's eight Farmacie Comunali distribute these "reused" pharmaceutical products. Pharmacies become collection points where local citizens can drop off pharmaceuticals they will not use.
GreenLab (previously BSE Academy) has been created to develop environmental markets in the Brussels-Capital Region and create jobs of all kinds.