TOWARDS A CIRCULAR ENERGY TRANSITION
Concern continues to grow regarding the availability of critical metals. Such rare or scarce metals, like lithium or cobalt, are not only vital to the world’s major economies. They are also crucial for a transition to a renewable energy system in the Netherlands. At current levels, the global supply of these metals is insufficient, and the Dutch demand for them is no exception. This study serves to provide insight into the demand of critical metals domestically over the next few decades, offer perspectives on how to reduce this demand, and demonstrate the opportunities these new measures present to industry in the Netherlands.