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Transition to a circular economy model for sustainable production and consumption patterns

National Action Plan on Circular Economy

Publication Date: 
02/2018
Country: 
Greece

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Contact: 
Vasileios Liogkas

Greece's Governmental Economic Policy Council ensorsed a National Action Plan on Circular Economy in early 2018 to set the country on a path towards the long-term adoption of circular economy principles. This further supports Greece's economic strategy in its key quest to “Green” the economy in a way that creates jobs, especially for women and youth, and supports long-term equitable and inclusive growth based on resource efficiency, promotion of SMEs, innovation and investment in new technologies, and strengthening of the “social economy” potential. The long-term (2030) goals of the National Action Plan on Circular Economy can be summarised as follows:

  • moving up the waste hierarchy by focusing on preventing waste and improving recycling
  • supporting circular entrepreneurship by promoting “industrial symbiosis” and business clusters
  • supporting circular consumption patterns of re-using, re-storing and re-pairing rather than buying new products, especially for electrical and electronic devices
  • enhancing multi-stakeholder partnerships across industry, academia, and civil society
  • monitoring progress towards a circular economic model through SMART (specific, measurable, achievable, relevant and time-bound) indicators.

Priority actions for 2018 include:

  1. lifting barriers to a circular economy through 10+ regulatory and legislative interventions, e.g. integrating circular economy considerations and criteria in the Environmental Impact Assessment and Strategic Impact Assessment requirements for sites and projects as well as in the environmental permitting process or  elaborating new legal definitions for wastes, by-products and re-fuse materials after first use intended for re-use, declassification of waste and quality standards for secondary raw materials
  2. earmarking existing funds to implement the aforementioned interventions and fund demonstration projects
  3. further enhancing knowledge, understanding, education, awareness and communication
  4. improving governance structures by setting up an inter-ministerial Executive Secretariat for the Circular Economy to oversee implementation and related Observatory to monitor progress

Prior to this, Greece has already adopted a new Law on Recycling in November 2017 to fully align existing waste legislation with circular economy principles and taken effective measures to reduce the consumtion of single-use plastic bags with a ministerial decision in August 2017 that introduced merchant responsibility and set fees for consumers. With these measures and the actions set out in the National Circular Economy Action Plan, Greece aims to achieve the following by 2020:

  • achieve a radical reduction of the per capita produced waste
  • increase reuse and recycling of wastes, with a separate collection of recyclable waste and of bio-waste, to reach 50% of total municipal solid waste produced from a 25% where it stands today
  • reach a 74% recovery and less than 30% disposal of total municipal solid waste produced from the current 82% disposal
  • create around 15,900 new jobs and the increase of the annual turnover of the waste management related businesses.

Plan national de gestion des déchets et des ressources (PNGDR)

Luxembourg's National Waste and Resource Management Plan

title page of Luxembourg national waste and management plan
Publication Date: 
06/2018
Country: 
Luxembourg

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Contact: 
Paul Rasqué

Luxembourg's new National Waste and Resource Management Plan includes measures and guidelines for the implementation of the amended Waste Management Act of March 21, 2012. It analyzes the situation regarding waste management and lists measures that will be taken to ensure the re-use, recycling, recovery and disposal of waste in the most environmentally friendly conditions while remaining in line with the national and European legislative context. The prevention program is integrated in the text of the national plan and introduces a whole-system approach for waste prevention.

The overall objective of the NWRMP is to protect the environment, cultural property and human health by preventing and reducing the harmful effects of waste. In addition, waste management has long-term goals, including conservation of resources, climate protection and impacts for future generations.

This plan represents a considerable step in the transition towards a circular economy, and builds on the principles of a sober and responsible consumption of natural resources, the optimisation of product life cycles, opportunities for re-use or failing that, waste recycling.

The NWRMP, among others, includes the following ambitious targets for 2022:

  • reducing food waste by 50%;
  • 65% collection rate of electric and electronic waste;
  • less than 10% of all municipal waste going to landfill.

The plan was also drafted in consultation with stakeholders and citizens over a 3-year period. This included thematic workshops on municipal waste, food waste, construction & demolition waste and treatment plant waste. The plan also received input through the May 2017 'National Waste Day' and further public consultations in Spring 2018. Its implementation willl be overseen by the Ministry for Sustainable Development and Infrastructure's environmental agency for the period 2018 - 2022.

Circular Economy roadmap of France: 50 measures for a 100% circular economy

50 measures for a 100% circular economy
Publication Date: 
04/2018
Country: 
France

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Contact: 
Sylvain Chevassus

The transition towards a circular economy is a key project of the ecological and social transition. The linear model — producing, consuming, discarding — is inevitably leading us towards the depletion of the planet's resources.

We must move towards a different type of economy, where we consume in moderation, where products have a longer lifetime, where we limit waste, and where we are able to transform waste into new resources.

This transition is a genuine societal project whose aim is to move away from the throw-away society. It invites us to change the way we lead our lives and to invent new and more sustainable production and consumption methods. The French roadmap includes four key priority areas: better production, better consumption, better waste management, and engaging all stakeholders.

Roadmap towards the Circular Economy in Slovenia

The Roadmap towards the Circular Economy in Slovenia sets the path for Slovenia to become a circular economy front runner in the region. Designed through an inclusive, multi-stakeholder approach, it identifies four priority sectors, give recommendations to the government and identifies best practices. The Roadmap introduces the Circular Triangle, a model which unites three inseparable elements – Circular Economy (business models), Circular Change (government policies) and Circular Culture (citizens), three interdependent aspects that are at the core of systemic change from a linear to a circular economy in Slovenia.

Leading the transition: a circular economy action plan for Portugal

Leading the transition: a circular economy action plan for Portugal

LIDERAR A TRANSIÇÃO
Publication Date: 
12/2017
Country: 
Portugal

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Contact: 
Ines Costa, Ministry of Environment

"Leading the transition: a circular economy action plan for Portugal" was recently adopted by the portuguese Council of Ministers in december 11th 2017, published in the Journal of the Portuguese Government.

German Resource Efficiency Programme II: Programme for the sustainable use and conservation of natural resources

German Resource Efficiency Programme II: Programme for the sustainable use and conservation of natural resources
Publication Date: 
11/2016
Country: 
Germany

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Contact: 
Diana Nissler

Natural resources are defined as all components of nature: biotic and abiotic resources, physical space (such as land), environmental media (water, soil and air), flow resources (such as geothermal, wind, tide and solar energy), and the diversity of all living organisms.

Natural resources are essential for life on our planet, and always will be. Many natural resources, however, are in limited supply. Conserving natural resources is therefore of vital importance, including for future generations.

The Federal Government embraces its responsibility in this regard. As early as 2002, it set a target in the National Sustainable Development Strategy of doubling Germany’s raw material productivity by 2020 relative to 1994. The German Resource Efficiency Programme (ProgRess) of 2012 was directed towards achieving this target.

Verso un modello di economia circolare per l’Italia

Towards a Model of Circular Economy for Italy - Overview and Strategic Framework

Towards a Model of Circular Economy for Italy - Overview and Strategic Framework
Publication Date: 
11/2017
Country: 
Italy

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Contact: 
Annalidia Pansini

“Towards a Model of Circular Economy for Italy - Overview and Strategic Framework” is a document that defines Italy’s strategic positioning on the issue in line with the commitments adopted under the Paris Agreement, UN Agenda 2030, G7 Communiqué and within EU.

The document calls for a "change of paradigm" for Italy's economy, for a new way to consume, produce and do business. There is a need for a new industrial policy aimed at sustainability and innovation capable of increasing the competitiveness of products and manufacturing.

Considering the importance of the document, the Italian government decided to collect the contributions of all institutions, firms, experts and citizens who deal with the issue to develop a document that is the result of a shared and participatory process.

A Circular Economy in the Netherlands by 2050

A Circular Economy in the Netherlands by 2050
Publication Date: 
09/2016
Country: 
Netherlands

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Contact: 
Helpdesk Waste Management and Circular Economy

The Government-wide programme for a Circular Economy is aimed at developing a circular economy in the Netherlands by 2050.

Its ambition is to realise, together with a variety of stakeholders, an (interim) objective of a 50% reduction in the use of primary raw materials (minerals, fossil and metals) by 2030.

It has as main priorities: Biomass and food, plastics, the manufacturing industry, construction sector and consumer goods.

Leading the cycle - Finnish road map to a circular economy 2016–2025

Leading the cycle – Finnish road map to a circular economy 2016-2025

Leading the Cycle - Finnish Roadmap to a Circular Economy
Publication Date: 
09/2016
Country: 
Finland

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Contact: 
Kari Herlevi

The Finnish Roadmap to achieve a Circular Economy goal is to create a shared mindset in Finnish society to promote the circular economy and determine the most effective means to do it.

The Roadmap focuses on 5 focus areas, topics that will initially be used in advancing the circular economy in Finland. Based on Finland’s traditional strengths, these topics include a sustainable food system, forest-based loops, technical loops, transport and logistics, and joint actions.