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  • Circular Economy for Beginners, Walter R. Stahel, Italian translation
    Type
    Author
    Walter R. Stahel
    Publication Date
    05/2019
    Country
    Italy
    Language for original content
    Walter R. Stahel

    The opportunities in the reuse and service-life extension of manufactured objects are fairly well documented. But a huge innovation potential lies dormant in the Circular Industrial Economy: the reuse and service-life extension of manufactured molecules. The latter is under-researched and under-exploited: reusing atoms and molecules in loops of highest purity, instead of recycling mixed wastes, is a challenge which involves chemistry on several levels, including the design of new molecules and mini-mill technologies to de-link existing materials. Innovative non-destructive and non-mixing collection and sorting processes will also need to be developed. Policy Innovation could close the invisible liability loop, by legislating an Extended Producer Liability.

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    Eines von zwei Unternehmen macht Ökodesign digital

    Author
    Dr. Adriana Neligan / Edgar Schmitz
    Publication Date
    04/2017
    Country
    Germany
    Language for original content
    Key Area
    Scope
    Dr. Adriana Neligan

    Every second German manufacturing firm saves material by designing its products resource-efficiently. Although increasing digital networking in complex industrial production processes opens up new opportunities for saving resources, almost half of these firms are not digitalised yet.

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    Digital strategies for greater material efficiency in German industry

    Digital strategies for greater material efficiency in German industry
    Author
    Dr. Adriana Neligan / Edgar Schmitz
    Publication Date
    05/2017
    Country
    Germany
    Language for original content
    Key Area
    Scope
    Dr. Adriana Neligan

    This study delivers the first empirical findings on the relevance of digitisation to improving material efficiency based on the German company survey ‘IW-Zukunftspanel’.

    German manufacturing firms have up to now only rarely digitised material efficiency measures to a great extent. If they are - particularly in large companies - they tend to be used for process optimisation. Around two fifths of the companies are at least moderately digitised in relation to the most important industrial efficiency measures, namely process optimisation and the use of new techniques, but there is still more than a third that is not at all. Companies have most frequently digitised cross-company materials cycles, but this instrument is only applied by two fifths of industrial companies.

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    Innovation and Circular Economy in the Mountain Forest Supply Chain: How to Close the Loop?

    Mountain Forest Supply Chain
    Type
    Author
    Sarah Whitaker, Euromontana
    Publication Date
    03/2017
    Country
    EU
    Language for original content
    Scope
    Euromontana

    Mountain areas face specific natural conditions, such as slope, climate, and soil types, that make the exploitation of mountain resources difficult.

    Other challenges associated with connectivity and transport make economic activity all the more challenging.

    The adoption of the circular economy will be particularly important in mountain areas which contain exceptional primary resources such as forests, water, and minerals, and provide ecosystems services such as carbon sequestration, clean water, landscapes, and recreation. Maximizing the value of extracted resources and managing them sustainably is particularly important for maintaining a high quality of life in mountain territories. The circular economy can create new economic opportunities that will provide much needed employment.

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    Slovenian companies and a circular economy: Slovenian Business Observatory 2017

    Slovenian companies and a circular economy
    Type
    Author
    Karin Širec
    Barbara Bradač Hojnik
    Matjaž Denac
    Dijana Močnik
    Publication Date
    03/2018
    Country
    Slovenia
    Language for original content
    Scope
    Barbara Bradač Hojnik

    Since 2000, the “Slovenian Entrepreneurship Observatory” publishes a report annually providing analysis of the situation of Slovenian companies and insight into Slovenian entrepreneurship. In 2018 this report had a thematic focus on the circular economy (CE), with the authors centring in on the drivers and barriers to SMEs integrating CE into business practice.

    This report first provides a theoretical framework for the CE, which aims to raise awareness and facilitate information exchange between companies and individuals looking to spread circular innovation. Simultaneously this report also provides an overview of the barriers companies face in transitioning towards circularity, which include a lack of comparable indicators to benchmark and track progress as well as cost of eco-design.

  • Scaling the circular built environment
    Type
    Author
    WBCSD
    Circle Economy
    Publication Date
    12/2018
    Country
    Switzerland
    Language for original content
    Brendon Edgerton
    Harald Friedl

    The built environment, consuming almost half of the world's resources extracted every year and responsible for a massive environmental footprint, is a fundamental sector in the circular transition. The circular economy has great potential to help meet global sustainability targets and the Paris Agreement's goals in particular. Moving towards a circular built environment involves a shift in roles and business models for stakeholders active in this sector. However, barriers related to culture, regulations, market, technology and education are slowing down the transition. The private and public sector need to create a level playing field in order for circular materials, products and services to become the new normal in the built environment.

     

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    Deposit-refund systems in Europe for one-way beverage packaging

    Deposit-refund systems
    Type
    Author
    Bilyana Spasova
    Publication Date
    03/2019
    Country
    Spain
    Language for original content
    Key Area
    Philippe Micheaux-Naudet

    Within the discussion on possible instruments that policy-makers can use to achieve waste collection targets and implement the 2015 Circular Economy Action Plan, deposit-refund systems (DRS) are often cited as a promising & useful policy tool.

    In this report, ACR+ explored DRS experiences across ten European countries: Croatia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Iceland, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Norway and Sweden. This analysis concludes that the launch timing in relation to other waste management systems and the positive participation of producers are both decisive in determining the success of the system.

    To learn more about the hands-on implementation of DRS in Europe, read the full report here.

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    Economía Circular y empleabilidad de los jóvenes

    Economía Circular y empleabilidad de los jóvenes
    Author
    Eva Ramón
    Franco Llobera
    Manuel Redondo
    Publication Date
    04/2018
    Country
    Spain
    Language for original content
    Scope
    Eva Ramón

    The Centro de Documentación Europea de la Universidad Francisco de Vitoria (European Documentation Centre, UFV) has completed a project titled Economía Circular y Empleabilidad de los Jóvenes en la Comunidad de Madrid (Circular Economy and Employability of Young People in the Autonomous Region of Madrid).

    The outcomes include a report on communicating the circular economy through the lens of employment opportunities circular business models provide for young people. The project has also created a guide on communicating the circular economy to students, which introduces the subject, presents the 7R model and shows how innovative companies provide opportunities for employment in circular business.

  • INCOVER
    Author
    Enrica Uggetti, Joan García, Juan Antonio Álvarez and María Jesús García-Galán
    Publication Date
    12/2018
    Country
    United Kingdom
    Language for original content
    Juan Antonio Alvarez Rodriguez

    Within the European project INCOVER, an experimental plant uses low-energy photobioreactors to cultivate micro-algae and transform wastewater into bioproducts.

    This article describes this new experimental plant and the start-up stage, starting from the new design of three semi-closed horizontal photobioreactors with low energy requirements, for microalgae cultivation (30 m3 total), using agricultural runoff and urban wastewater as feedstock.

    The inflow nutrients concentration is adjusted to select cyanobacteria, microalgae able to accumulate polyhydroxybutyrates, which can be used for bioplastics production. Part of the harvested biomass is used as substrate for anaerobic co-digestion (AcoD) with secondary sludge to obtain biogas.

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    Circular Economy - Future of the Development of Slovakia

    Slovakia
    Type
    Author
    Slovak Environment Agency
    Publication Date
    02/2019
    Country
    Slovakia
    Language for original content
    Scope
    Tatiana Guštafíková

    The publication presents a state-of-play for Slovakia's circular economy transition and introduces its circular economy policies. It also contains interviews with representatives of the Slovak State administration, NGO representatives and scientists, as well as examples of good practices from municipalities, businesses, and NGOs.

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