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  • Type
    Author
    Service public fédéral Economie, P.M.E., Classes moyennes et Energie
    Publication Date
    06/2018
    Country
    Belgium
    Language for original content
    Key Area
    Sophie Cheron

    Ce document est une synthèse des échanges qui ont eu lieu lors du séminaire « Financement de l’économie circulaire » organisé par le SPF Economie le 6 juin 2017 et réunissant les différents intervenants du secteur public et bancaire ainsi que des entrepreneurs de l’économie circulaire.

    Il présente brièvement le concept de l’économie circulaire avant de développer les solutions de financement public et privé. Il souligne également les difficultés de financement auxquelles les entreprises et les banques sont confrontées.

    Enfin, en comparant les initiatives belges en matière d’économie circulaire avec celles des pays voisins, ce document montre le rôle que la Belgique joue en Europe dans l’émergence de ce nouveau système économique. Différents points d’attention sont repris sous une rubrique « recommandations » à la fin du document.

    Ook verkrijgbaar in het Nederlands.

     

  • Type
    Author
    Elena Ruiz
    Paula Ruiz
    Publication Date
    07/2018
    Country
    Spain
    Language for original content
    Scope
    Elena Ruiz
    Paula Ruiz

    "Cerrar el círculo: el business case de la economía circular" (Closing the loop: the business case for a circular economy) is a report authored in 2018 by Foretica, which shows the latest trends in circular economy, a practical roadmap to guide companies towards a circular mindset as well as best practices from 9 companies that are leading the transition towards a circular economy in Spain.

    Forética is a multi-stakeholder non-profit organisation working to promoting ethical and socially responsible policies at the core of institutional and corporate values. In 2017, Foretica launched the Circular Economy Action Group with 9 leading companies: Ecoembes, Endesa, Naturgy, IKEA Ibérica, ING, LafargeHolcim, Nestlé, OHL and Unilever.

  • Type
    Author
    Kai Böhme, Frank Holstein, Nathalie Wergles (Spatial Foresight)
    Andreu Ulied, Oriol BIosca, Laura Nogera, Marite Guevara, Dubravka Kruljac (Mcrit)t
    Klaus Spiekermann, Lina Kluge (Spiekermann & Wegener Urban and Regional Research)
    Carlo Sessa, Riccardo Enei, Stefano Faberi (Isinnova)
    Publication Date
    02/2018
    Country
    EU
    Language for original content
    Scope
    Kai Böhme (Spatial Foresight)
    Marjan van Herwijne (ESPON)

    What would the European territory look like in 2030, if Europe had completed a transition to a place based circular economy?

    The fourth volume of the ' Possible European Territorial Futures' Final report, Volume D, focuses on the impact that a place based circular economy will have on territorial development in EU and provides background information and nuanced considerations concerning the territorial foresight for a place based circular economy. It is part of a larger ESPON study on territorial foresight, aiming to better understand the implications of either development trends or ideas for a wanted or unwanted future. Europe’s territorial structure under a place based circular economy will differ from the one we know today. This economy will imply dramatic changes for all parts of Europe and will also affect urbanisation and territorial balance. At a European level, the differences between strong socio-economic areas and the lagging regions may reduce under a place based circular economy. The study illustrates the potential for small and medium-sized towns, as well as the challenges for sparsely populated areas and inner-peripheries. It also highlights the importance of networks in driving innovations in a circular economy and leading areas in the sharing economy. Furthermore, the study shows areas which could expect particular transition challenges in consumer behaviour (including tourists) and changing manufacturing structures.

     

  • Type
    Author
    Henning Wilts
    Bettina Bahn-Walkowiak
    Ybele Hoogeveen
    Publication Date
    06/2018
    Country
    Austria
    Belgium
    Bulgaria
    Croatia
    Cyprus
    Czechia
    Denmark
    Estonia
    EU
    Finland
    France
    Germany
    Greece
    Hungary
    Ireland
    Italy
    Latvia
    Lithuania
    Luxembourg
    Malta
    Netherlands
    Poland
    Portugal
    Romania
    Slovakia
    Slovenia
    Spain
    Sweden
    United Kingdom
    Language for original content
    Scope
    Ybele Hoogeveen

    This is the fourth EEA report in a series of annual reviews of waste prevention programmes in Europe as stipulated in the European Union (EU) Waste Framework Directive.

    This review focuses on reuse and covers 33 national and regional waste prevention programmes that had been adopted by the end of 2017.

    Article 11 of the Waste Framework Directive states that Member States should take appropriate measures to promote reuse and preparing for reuse such as encouraging the establishment and support of reuse and repair networks. The report describes how reuse is addressed in the waste prevention programmes and provides data on the status of and trends in reuse systems in Europe. Chapter 1 introduces the concept of waste prevention in a circular economy and describes the policy background. It explains the review's approach and defines key terms used. Chapter 2 investigates the existing waste prevention programmes, looking at their scope and reuse objectives, measures and indicators, as well as the sectors and stakeholders addressed. Chapter 3 examines the status of and potential for reuse for key product groups (i.e. textiles, electrical and electronic equipment, furniture, vehicles, and buildings and building components). Chapter 4 concludes with key findings and prospects for reuse in the context of the circular economy agenda.

  • Author
    Geueke, Birgit
    Groh, Ksenia
    Muncke, Jane
    Publication Date
    05/2018
    Country
    Switzerland
    Language for original content
    Key Area
    Scope
    Birgit Geueke

    Food packaging facilitates storage, handling, transport, and preservation of food and is essential for preventing food waste. In the existing economic system, food packaging is generally designed for single-use and discarded after relatively short periods of time, a scheme that is no longer acceptable in the transition to a circular economy.

    This paper offers a detailed analysis in food packaging materials with respect to properties, recycling, and contaminants. It also discusses different approaches such as weight reduction versus recyclability or deposit and reuse schemes for permanent material-based food packaging.

  • Type
    Author
    Material Economics
    Publication Date
    06/2018
    Country
    Finland
    Language for original content
    Scope
    Sitra

    This report investigates how a more circular economy can contribute to cutting CO2 emissions. It explores a broad range of opportunities for the four largest materials in terms of emissions (steel, plastics, aluminium, and cement) and two large use segments for these materials (passenger cars and buildings). The key conclusion is that a more circular economy can make deep cuts to emissions from heavy industry: in an ambitious scenario, as much as 296 million tons CO2 per year in the EU by 2050, out of 530 Mt in total – and some 3.6 billion tonnes per year globally. Making better use of the materials that already exist in the economy thus can take EU industry halfway towards net-zero emissions. Moreover, doing so often is economically attractive. Initiatives for a more circular economy therefore deserve a central place in EU climate and industrial policy.

  • Linear Risks Report
    Type
    Author
    Shyaam Ramkumar
    Frido Kraanen
    Rik Plomp
    Brendan Edgerton
    Arnoud Walrecht
    Ines Baer
    Peter Hirsch
    Publication Date
    05/2018
    Country
    Switzerland
    Language for original content
    Scope
    WBCSD

    Society and businesses are becoming increasingly aware that the resources needed for products are not infinite. There is growing pressure on the availability of resources due to a variety of factors including the expected increase in global consumption of goods spurred by a growing global middle class.

    The report aims to introduce the various business risks of common ‘linear economy’ business practices and start a dialogue with the financial and business community about their implications. Building on this report, there is an objective to explore further directions to better understand and model them. Hopefuly, these risks will one day become an integral part of investment decisions to ensure better investment decisions that achieve long-term stability and growth.

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    CEN Guidelines for integrated circular economy strategies at local and regional level

    CEN Guidelines for integrated circular economy strategies at local and regional level
    Type
    Author
    ACR+ (Jean-Pierre Hannequart, Philippe Micheaux Naudet)
    Publication Date
    05/2015
    Country
    EU
    Language for original content
    Philippe Micheaux Naudet (ACR+)

    The present guidelines have been developed by ACR+ in the framework of its Circular Europe Network initiative (CEN: www.circular-europe-network.eu).

    It aims at explaining the potential role of local and regional authorities, and at developing guidelines to help them draw up integrated and efficient circular economy plans. Even though acknowledging the broader concept, these guidelines focus mainly on materials, considering that it is difficult for local and regional authorities to encompass all topics at once and since material resources represent the core element of circular economy.

    The guidelines clarify the circular economy concept from a local or regional authority's perspective (Part 1) and propose key steps and elements to include in a local or regional circular economy strategy (Part 2).

    The present document should serve as a set of first guidelines in the subject, particularly for the members of the Circular Europe Network, and is intended to be completed with examples of best practices to set such strategies, as well as concrete cases of circular economy.

    The document is also available in Catalan, Italian, Portuguese and Spanish. For more information, please click here.

  •  The Macroeconomics of the Circular Economy Transition
    Type
    Author
    Andrew McCarthy
    Rob Dellink
    Ruben Bibas
    Publication Date
    04/2018
    Country
    Other (International organisation)
    Language for original content
    Scope
    OECD Library

    This paper reviews the existing literature on modelling the macroeconomic consequences of the transition to a circular economy. It provides insights into the current state of the art on modelling policies to improve resource efficiency and the transition to a circular economy by examining 24 modelling-based assessments of a circular economy transition. Four key conclusions emerge from this literature. First, most models find that a transition to a more circular economy – with an associated reduction in resource extraction and waste generation – could have an insignificant or even positive impact on aggregate macroeconomic outcomes. Second, all models highlight the potential re-allocation effects – both between sectors and regions – that the introduction of circular economy enabling policies could have. Third, certain types of macroeconomic model are more appropriate for assessing the transition than others, notably due to their accounting of interactions between sectors and macroeconomic feedbacks. Fourth, of the assumptions that are fed into these models – those concerning future rates of productivity growth, the substitutability between different material types, and future consumption patterns – are key determinants of model outcomes. 

  • Type
    Author
    Essity, IKEA, Royal DSM and Tetra Pak
    Publication Date
    04/2018
    Country
    EU
    Language for original content
    Key Area
    Scope
    Stella Chavin
    CE100

    Achieving the 2030 UN Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement climate targets will hinge upon the global transition to a low-carbon circular economy. Replacing finite and fossil-based materials with responsibly managed renewable materials could decrease carbon emissions whilst reducing dependency on finite resources.

    However, the role that renewable materials can play in the circular economy is often under-rated, and, so far, most of the conversation has focussed on biodegradability, instead of the role they could play in reuse, remanufacturing, and recycling streams. The aim of the Collaborative Project was to start a conversation on the role of renewables in the circular economy, and in order to do this, set out the opportunities and challenges that companies face when using/shifting to renewable materials today and propose a shared vision for the future.

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