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Action circulaire pour la neutralité climatique

Circular Aluminium Action Plan: A Strategy for Achieving Aluminium's Full Potential for Circular Economy by 2030

The Circular Aluminium Action Plan is the aluminium sector’s strategy for achieving aluminium’s full potential for a circular economy by 2030. The action plan aims to ensure that all end-of-life aluminium products are collected and recycled efficiently in Europe to maximise the aluminium recycling rates and to keep the material in active use. It builds on the aluminium industry’s Vision 2050 and provides policy recommendations for the sector.

The aluminium industry has the potential to be a key driver in achieving Europe’s ambitions for a climate-neutral and circular economy. Aluminium is by nature circular and fit for multiple recycling: it can be recycled over and over again without losing its original properties (lightness, conductivity, formability, durability, impermeability).

C123 explores innovative processes to transform unexploited methane into propylene

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Other (Norway)

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Expertise in technology, medicine and the social sciences

C123 is an EU-funded project aiming at transforming the largely available and unexploited methane resources into C3 hydrocarbons, particularly propylene.

INEC publishes a study on identifying major circular economy networks in Europe

Circular economy (CE) appears everywhere in Europe to be an adequate response to the challenges of resource scarcity. Driven by the development of the European CE Package, many initiatives to accelerate the transition are emerging, both on governmental and private levels, but they lack coordination.

In the wake of the new Circular Economy Action Plan published by the European Commission in March, the "Institut National de l'Economie Circulaire" (INEC) - member of the ECESP Coordination Group -  and Orée have co-authored a study identifying the major CE networks in Europe in order to strengthen the cooperation needed to achieve CE ambitions. By so doing they have pursued their common aim to develop and disseminate a vision of an inclusive and unifying CE.

Read the full study.

Leuven Circulair - a detailed programme for circularity, in the context of Leuven 2030 Roadmap

The city of Leuven, in Flanders, aims to play a leading role in initiating systemic change in cities and society at large.

The Roadmap 2025 · 2035 · 2050, drawn up by Leuven 2030 and numerous experts, serves as a guide to achieving the goal of a climate-neutral city by 2050. In September 2019 a professional team of programme managers started on no less than 13 specific programmes, which will transform this unique plan into concrete actions and impact on the field.

Leuven Circulair finds its place in specific programme #09, outlining key actions for circularity in the city with a strong focus on social, repair, refurbishment, knowledge and expertise from the University of Leuven and local fablabs.

Promoting product longevity


J. Scott MARCUS, Bruegel, Georg ZACHMANN, Bruegel, Stephen GARDNER, Bruegel, Simone TAGLIAPIETRA, Bruegel, Elissavet LYKOGIANNI, VVA
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Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies

How can the EU product safety and compliance framework help promote product durability and tackle planned obsolescence, foster the production of more sustainable products, and achieve more transparent supply chains for consumers?

Product longevity can play a useful role in achieving the Paris Agreement goals – material efficiency is an important contributor to energy efficiency and is also important in its own right. The product safety and compliance instruments available at European level can contribute to these efforts, if wisely applied.

This study was commissioned by the European Parliament Committee on Internal Market and Consumer Protection (IMCO).

Circular Fashion MOOC: Design, Science and Value in a Sustainable Clothing Industry

Wageningen MOOC

The fashion industry has a big influence on the global economy and is known for its social and environmental impact. This online course by Wageningen University & Research is an introduction to circular fashion, brought by 30 experts from academia and practice.

After this course, you will be able to:

  • Understand the role of sustainability and circularity in fashion
  • Understand the importance of design for disassembly and recycling
  • Evaluate new biobased materials for textiles and understand the change in production processes
  • Disrupt current thinking and mindset in the industry and manage the transition to circular fashion
  • Understand economic paradigms and new forms of value creation for circularity in the fashion industry

Read more and enrol.

Promoting a Just Transition to an Inclusive Circular Economy

Chatham House report: Promoting a Just Transition to an Inclusive Circular Economy

Just Transition

Today, only 8.6% of the resources and materials in the global economy are reused or recycled.
A crucial transition to a circular economy is required to reach the environmental goals of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and to achieve countries’ climate targets as set out in the 2015 Paris Agreement.

In this context, it is essential to ensure that the transition to a resource-efficient and circular economic model also delivers on social objectives.

This paper introduces the relevance of the circular economy in the international development SDG context. It also explores how a just transition approach can be successfully applied in the circular economy context.

Global Circular Economy Scenario in a Multiregional Input–Output Framework

A Global Circular Economy Scenario?

Kirsten S. Wiebe, Marek Harsdorff, Guillermo Montt, Moana S. Simas, Richard Wood
Publication Date: 
Other (Norway)

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Kirsten S. Wiebe

In a resource-constrained world the future economy will need to be circular.

From a policy perspective, the question is whether averting catastrophic environmental impacts through an accelerated transition to a global circular economy can also deliver sustained growth and jobs.

Multiregional input−output (MRIO) analysis models the interdependencies between industries and within/between countries as well as between intermediate and final goods producers and consumers, thus providing a useful toolbox for assessing social, environmental, and economy-wide impacts of the adoption of the circular economy.

This research paper resorts to this toolbox to compare the business-as-usual (BAU) scenario to an alternative circular economy scenario.

From digging to building: construction site excavations make perfect, low-emission new bricks

Circular building earth building Compressed earth blocks

At its production site in Brussels, BC materials blends and transforms ordinary earth streams - what some consider to be waste - into perfectly circular building materials.

EASAC Report - Packaging plastics in the circular economy

Packaging plastics


Deutsche Akademie der Naturforscher Leopoldina
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Packaging plastics can offer an almost infinite range of options for manufacturers, both in terms of function and design. Their durability and resistance to degradation means that if they ‘leak’ into the environment, they stay there. Leakage has been increasing rapidly and its detrimental impact, especially on the marine environment, has attracted wide public and political concern.

EASAC established in 2018 an Expert Group to look at scientific aspects of plastics packaging and the circular economy. This report is the result of an 18-month investigation and reviews the negative consequences of the current linear economy for plastic packaging, the scope for improvement towards a more circular pattern and options for increasing recycling rates and reducing leakage into the environment.

Life Reforest: mycotechnosoils developed from waste, could bring burnt forest areas back to life

LIFE REFOREST is a project funded by the LIFE Programme that aims to mitigate the soil loss associated with post-fire episodes in forest areas.

Circular South, Antwerp: community-driven sustainable area, with the help of smart technologies

In 2018, the City of Antwerp kick-started the Circular South project. The aim is to encourage more efficient use of energy, water, waste and materials by the citizens of the New South district of Antwerp through an innovative community-driven approach.

Overview Circular Flanders: a 2017-2019 retrospective

Circular Flanders

This retrospective report is a review of the plans set out by Circular Flanders in the Kick-off Statement.

The most important finding? A good deal more was accomplished than initially anticipated. For example, the opportunity to launch three Open Calls, permitting the funding of over 130 innovative circular economy projects. The Green Deal on Circular Construction was also an unprecedented opportunity, as was the complementary reinforcement of the OVAM team of experts in ecodesign and area-specific operations, allowing the scope to expand.

This retrospective report is an interactive PDF. External links to downloads or online resources have been embedded on each project page for easy accessibility.

Metal Recycling Factsheet by EuRIC

EuRIC Metal Recycling Factsheet


EuRIC aisbl
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Belgium, EU

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Emmanuel Katrakis
Elisabet Andres Garcia
Louis Ollion

This factsheet on Metal Recycling developed by EuRIC highlights the importance of both ferrous and non-ferrous metal recycling and their substantial benefits for the environment and the economy in Europe. The Brochure outlines the environmental benefits, the economic and international trade aspects of steel, aluminium and copper recycling.

Cycle Terre: excavated soil from urban areas becomes construction raw material

Earth Cycle

Cycle Terre project aims to set up an industrial process to reuse soil extracted from the excavation sites of the new subway and other construction sites in Sevran, France.

Compaction of EPS reduces its storage and transport costs, reducing pre-recycling burden for the industry


Compaction of expanded polystyrene reduces its storage and transportation costs before being sent for recycling. A compaction plant, owned by AIPE, is given for free to member firms to use.

El Ouidane: biowaste revives an oasis and keeps the desert at bay

By initiating collection and composting practices into a 1500 inhabitants city district, the El Ouidane project aims to combat the desertification and to protect a fragile environment such as oases.

From the production of agricultural lime to summer barbecues, olive pits make a perfect circular fuel

Klimis:From waste to value

KLIMIS has been using the woody part of Greek olive pits as heating fuel for its kiln in order to bake lime stones since 1968. In 1992, it developed a patented process to recycle the residual material from this combustion into highly-efficient, low-emission barbecue briquettes.

SK-Tex, a Slovakian recycling company, transforms old clothes into insulation products

SK-Tex product EkosenHMC

SK-Tex takes old clothing and turns it into products that can be used in cars, furniture and buildings. The company has been in operation since 1998, beginning as a textile raw materials trading company before developing into a recycling company.

Vanhulley: New products from textile waste


Van Hulley is a Dutch SME that upcycles worn-out shirts into boxershorts, employing disadvantaged women as seamstresses every year and training them to join the labour market more permanently.

ARA Innovation Space

Networking and Innovation Platform

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Laura Glasberg

The ARA Innovation Space is a place for networking, interdisciplinary exchange and innovative creating around topics for a circular economy.

For civil society, artists, scientists, creative people, students, entrepreneurs and all those who are simply curious. The goal of the ARA Innovation Space is to connect people on a cross-disciplinary level to join forces developing and implementing innovative solutions – contributing to the sustainable use of our natural resources.

We organize workshops, networking events as well as creative formats such as exhibitions and performances on a regular basis.

Sofie Bouteligier

Sofie Bouteligier
About this contact: 

Sofie works as a policy advisor for the international policy unit at OVAM, the Public Waste Agency of Flanders, which ensures that Flanders deals with waste, materials and soil in a well thought out and environmentally sound manner. Since 1981, OVAM has been developing a balanced mix of economic and regulatory instruments on waste, materials and soil that has made the Region of Flanders one of the frontrunners in Europe in this field.

We are joining forces with our partners in business, civil society, research and government to develop a circular economy, taking a multi-stakeholder participatory approach. Circular Flanders, which was initiated by OVAM, serves as hub, inspiration and matchmaker for the transition to a circular economy in Flanders. We implement measures that go beyond sorting and recycling waste to make a systemic shift from take-make-waste to a new economic model that factors in the scarcity of raw materials and the ecological limits of our planet.

Development of deconstruction wood waste use as energy recovery in cement plants

Development of deconstruction wood waste use as energy recovery in cement plants

French cement producers plan to increase alternative fuels use from 44% of the fuel mix to 50%, by 2025. To support this initiative, they aim, in collaboration with construction and recycling trade organisations, to double the amount of wood waste used in the energy supply of cement plants.

From steel production waste gases to electricity

EDP Spain and the use of waste gases from steel production to produce electricity

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The integration of the steel sector into the electricity generation cycle is an example of collaboration between companies from different sectors significantly minimising the environmental impact of their facilities. This integration allows the steel production gases produced by the industrial processes of steel plants to be transferred to an electric company for use as additional fuel.

Cement recarbonation

Cement Recarbonation

Cement recarbonation refers to the process where part of the CO2 emitted during the cement production is re-absorbed by concrete in use through carbonation.

Biobased substrate compost: a high quality circular ingredient for potting soil

Successful test with bio-based substrate compost at Wageningen University & Research with Begonias

Attero introduces a new high quality product that is used as ingredient for substrates and potting soils: biobased substrate compost. The process for achieving this quality is unique in the world of compost production.

Green sinks substitute organic raw materials and mineral fillers with recycled materials

A new range of green kitchen sinks

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The aim of LIFE GREEN SINKS project was to create a new "green" range of products, represented by innovative kitchen sinks manufactured by 100% recovered materials.

Kari Herlevi

Kari Herlevi
About this contact: 

Kari Herlevi is a circular economy multitalent. He is currently leading the circular economy area at Sitra, the Finnish Innovation Fund. There, he is focusing on the transition to a fair and competitive economy that tackles the root causes of biodiversity loss, climate change and overconsumption of resources, by facilitating the development and scaling up of the best circular solutions from Finland and the world. Previously, he worked at Tekes, the Finnish Funding Agency for Innovation, where he was responsible for the Green Growth and Vigo accelerator programmes. Kari also worked in the Tekes Silicon Valley office for a few years, and is particularly interested in new ideas and fast-growing firms in the circular economy, not least on the African continent.

Ladeja Godina Košir

Ladeja Godina Košir
About this contact: 

Ladeja Godina Košir, Founder and Executive Director of Circular Change, is an internationally renowned expert on the circular economy, speaker, (co)author of several CE reports and articles, and co-creator of international circular economy events. Ladeja was the finalist for the Circular Leadership Award 2018 (Davos WEF) and named in "The #EUwomen4future campaign” featuring extraordinary women active in research, innovation, education, culture and sport by Mariya Gabriel, European Commissioner for Innovation, Research, Culture, Education and Youth in 2020. She is recognised as the regional "engine of circular economy transition". She is co-author of the first Roadmap towards the Circular Economy and creator and team leader of the annual international Circular Change Conference. Ladeja has consulted on the national circular economy roadmapping process based on stakeholder engagement for several countries and cities (Serbia, Montenegro, Norway, Israel, Chile, etc.).

Ladeja has several international roles: chair of the coordination group of the European Circular Economy Stakeholder Platform (ECESP) in Brussels (2018/20), visiting professor at Doshisha University in Kyoto and co-leader of the Research Group Circular Economy Systems at the Bertalanfy Center for the Study of Systems Science (BCSSS) in Vienna.

Ladeja takes a transdisciplinary systemic approach and holistic view as an entrepreneur, communications professional, speaker, moderator, lecturer, mentor and passionate connector. She is empowering a new narrative and circular culture. She bridges the bioeconomy and the circular economy; one of the EU projects to which she contributes is Effective (Horizon 2020 & BBI JU), a multi-company collaboration to produce more sustainable, bio-based fibres and plastics for large consumer products using renewable feedstocks and innovative technologies. She also chairs the expert group for the BIOeast Foresight Exercise 2050. Ladeja works with governments, city authorities, companies, NGOs, media and universities, empowering true collaboration to enable circular change.

Zero Carbon Resorts project towards Sustainable Development of the Tourism Sector in the Philippines and Thailand

Tourism in the Philippines and Thailand is receiving increasing attention as an excellent development option but with the vulnerability of developing countries to climate change it is inevitable to take the environmental performance of the tourism business into serious consideration.