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In this section you will find existing studies and reports published in relation to the circular economy.

As the website is meant to expand in the coming months to offer search features also in this section,
the documents presented below are mere examples of the kind of studies that we wish to collect and make available to other stakeholders.

To submit your own study for this section, please contact the secretariat.






EUROPEAN ENVIRONMENT AGENCY - Circular economy in Europe — Developing the knowledge base  

The report describes the concept of the circular economy and outlines its key characteristics. It draws attention to both the benefits and challenges in transitioning to such an economy and highlights possible ways to measure progress.

EUROPEAN ENVIRONMENT AGENCY - Circular by design - Products in the circular economy  

The report explores the circular economy from a product perspective, applying a systemic approach and transition theory. Drivers of product design and usage are discussed in the context of emerging consumption trends and business models. For governance to be effective, it has to address the product life-cycle and the societal context determining it. Indicators and assessment tools are proposed that can help fill the current data and knowledge gaps.

ELLEN MacARTHUR FOUNDATION -  Growth Within: a circular economy vision for a competitive Europe  

In a circular economy, growth comes from ‘within’, by increasing the value derived from existing economic structures, products and materials. This major report quantifies the benefits for Europe – in terms of growth, household income, and environmental outcomes – of adopting a circular development path compared with our current linear one.
Incorporating in-depth analysis of three of Europe’s largest basic needs, mobility, food and the built environment, the report provides a vision of how the circular economy could look, and highlights wide-ranging implications for government and business leaders.

ELLEN MacARTHUR FOUNDATION - Achieving 'Growth Within'  

The report identifies ten attractive circular innovation and investment priorities for Europe until 2025, totalling €320 billion. Despite the favourable financial context,   investment in circular economy opportunities is still generally too low.
The Foundation's previous research Growth Within outlined a long-term circular economy vision for Europe; this new report identifies the most important investment opportunities along with the policy reforms and business actions needed to unlock them.
The report focuses on the mobility, food and built environment value chains, which together represent 60% of consumer expenditure and 80% of resource use.

CEPS ENERGY CLIMATE HOUSE RESEARCH - The Circular Economy, A review of definitions, processes and impacts  

This paper reviews the growing literature on the circular economy and attempts to map the processes involved and their application in different sectors. The paper suggests that research on the circular economy is currently fragmented across various disciplines and there are often different perspectives and interpretations of the concept and the related aspects that need to be assessed. This fragmentation is also evident in the available studies that adopt different approaches in calculating the impacts, which makes efforts at comparing the results from different sources very challenging. Finally, this paper suggests that there is limited information on the indirect effects on the economy (e.g. impacts on the value chain or changes in consumption spending patterns) as well as the social impacts of the circular economy transition.

THE CLUB OF ROME - The Circular Economy and Benefits for Society  

This study presents a well-researched and achievable economic alternative to the current model of endless economic growth on a finite planet. Of central importance is to view a circular economy not as an environmental issue alone, but as an integral part of humanity’s long term economic viability.
The main purpose of this study is to broadly explore the potential for a significant increase in resource efficiency and to specifically assess what the main benefits for society would be ? looking at carbon emissions and employment in particular. We are using the Dutch, Finnish, French, Spanish and Swedish economies as test cases.

THE CLUB OF ROME - The Circular Economy and Benefits for Society - A study pertaining to the Czech Republic and Poland   

After requests from Poland and the Czech Republic a special study was done on their economies. This report was launched in Poznan in October 2016.


This Guide outlines five business models and three disruptive technologies companies can explore and implement in order to seize the USD$ 4.5 trillion opportunity the circular economy represents.