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Luxembourg as a knowledge capital and testing ground for the circular economy

Luxembourg as a knowledge capital and testing ground for the circular economy

Lux CE report cover page

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Author: 
EPEA Internationale Umweltforschung GmbH, Returnity Partners
Publication Date: 
12/2015
Country: 
Luxembourg

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Contact: 
Paul Rasque
Ministry of Economics

The circular economy is more than a potential model for Luxembourg; it is an economic imperative. Due to its history of exhausting resources then finding substitutes, Luxembourg is already a testing ground for circularity methods. For example its steel, aluminum, glass, and other industries are expert at re-using secondary raw materials. The re-use of those materials is core to their economic survival. It is a competitive necessity to sharpen their capacities in those areas.

Because Luxembourg’s exemplary European society is based on equity, cultural tolerance, economic stability, responsive government and manageable size, the country is a powerful proving ground for circularity. Its heritage of quality and its service-based economy allow leveraging of skills to take advantage of the embedded growth potential. The likely benefits for Luxembourg are considerable. The starting position is excellent. The capabilities and motivation seem to be in place. It is now only a question of providing a nucleus and initial catalyst to accelerate the transition towards a circular economy at scale. The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg and the Ministry of the Economy in particular have powerful roles to play as catalysts for circularity.

In the present situation where knowledge of circular economy potential is low but know-how for supporting technology and services is high, the government has a special brief opportunity to seize the initiative by delivering powerful messages about circularity through initiating and coordinating actions, as well as supporting those with a solid foundation of education, training and national co-branding. By leveraging those mechanisms the government will provide the enabling framework for its stakeholders to implement a circular economy with innovative lighthouse initiatives.

MéGO! (France): from cigarette stubs to plastic secondary raw material

Collecting and recycling cigarettes' stubs

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Country: 
France

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8 millions of cigarette stubs are generated each minute in the world, and 66% of them currently end up in the environment, where they take up to 15 years to decompose. In addition, chemical components in cigarette filters generate residual pollution.

MéGO! offers a pragmatic answer with a service for collecting, sorting and recycling cigarette stubs. 

Plan national de gestion des déchets et des ressources (PNGDR)

Luxembourg's National Waste and Resource Management Plan

title page of Luxembourg national waste and management plan
Publication Date: 
06/2018
Country: 
Luxembourg

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Contact: 
Paul Rasqué

Luxembourg's new National Waste and Resource Management Plan includes measures and guidelines for the implementation of the amended Waste Management Act of March 21, 2012. It analyzes the situation regarding waste management and lists measures that will be taken to ensure the re-use, recycling, recovery and disposal of waste in the most environmentally friendly conditions while remaining in line with the national and European legislative context. The prevention program is integrated in the text of the national plan and introduces a whole-system approach for waste prevention.

The overall objective of the NWRMP is to protect the environment, cultural property and human health by preventing and reducing the harmful effects of waste. In addition, waste management has long-term goals, including conservation of resources, climate protection and impacts for future generations.

This plan represents a considerable step in the transition towards a circular economy, and builds on the principles of a sober and responsible consumption of natural resources, the optimisation of product life cycles, opportunities for re-use or failing that, waste recycling.

The NWRMP, among others, includes the following ambitious targets for 2022:

  • reducing food waste by 50%;
  • 65% collection rate of electric and electronic waste;
  • less than 10% of all municipal waste going to landfill.

The plan was also drafted in consultation with stakeholders and citizens over a 3-year period. This included thematic workshops on municipal waste, food waste, construction & demolition waste and treatment plant waste. The plan also received input through the May 2017 'National Waste Day' and further public consultations in Spring 2018. Its implementation willl be overseen by the Ministry for Sustainable Development and Infrastructure's environmental agency for the period 2018 - 2022.

Brussels Regional Programme for Circular Economy

The Brussels Regional Programme for Circular Economy (BRPCE) is an integrated strategy involving 111 measures aimed at delivering circular patterns at the city level. The main objectives of the BPRCE are:

  • to transform environmental objectives into economic opportunities
  • to anchor economic activities within Brussels’ borders, maximising resource circularity and boosting entrepreneurship, and
  • to create new employment opportunities.

Financement de l’économie circulaire

FDEC title page

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Author: 
Service public fédéral Economie, P.M.E., Classes moyennes et Energie
Publication Date: 
06/2018
Country: 
Belgium

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Contact: 
Sophie Cheron

Ce document est une synthèse des échanges qui ont eu lieu lors du séminaire « Financement de l’économie circulaire » organisé par le SPF Economie le 6 juin 2017 et réunissant les différents intervenants du secteur public et bancaire ainsi que des entrepreneurs de l’économie circulaire.

Il présente brièvement le concept de l’économie circulaire avant de développer les solutions de financement public et privé. Il souligne également les difficultés de financement auxquelles les entreprises et les banques sont confrontées.

Enfin, en comparant les initiatives belges en matière d’économie circulaire avec celles des pays voisins, ce document montre le rôle que la Belgique joue en Europe dans l’émergence de ce nouveau système économique. Différents points d’attention sont repris sous une rubrique « recommandations » à la fin du document.

Ook verkrijgbaar in het Nederlands.

 

Circular Economy roadmap of France: 50 measures for a 100% circular economy

50 measures for a 100% circular economy
Publication Date: 
04/2018
Country: 
France

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Contact: 
Sylvain Chevassus

The transition towards a circular economy is a key project of the ecological and social transition. The linear model — producing, consuming, discarding — is inevitably leading us towards the depletion of the planet's resources.

We must move towards a different type of economy, where we consume in moderation, where products have a longer lifetime, where we limit waste, and where we are able to transform waste into new resources.

This transition is a genuine societal project whose aim is to move away from the throw-away society. It invites us to change the way we lead our lives and to invent new and more sustainable production and consumption methods. The French roadmap includes four key priority areas: better production, better consumption, better waste management, and engaging all stakeholders.

Eco-conception: ecodesign, ecological design, environmental design, life cycle design

Eco-conception

As a part of the circular economy, Eco-design is a way for enterprises to reduce the impacts of their products or services at each step of their life cycle.

Since 2012, UCM help SMEs to integrate this approach in order to make their business less impacting, but also compatible with the evolution of the reglementation, cost-effective and connected to the new customers markets.

You want to improve your life cycle management? Take opportunities in the Circular economy? Or even change your business model? Don’t hesitate to make your first step with us. We propose short and mid-term supports, customs tools and seminars, and grant research for circular projects.

Development of deconstruction wood waste use as energy recovery in cement plants

Development of deconstruction wood waste use as energy recovery in cement plants

French cement producers plan to increase alternative fuels use from 44% of the fuel mix to 50%, by 2025. To support this initiative, they aim, in collaboration with construction and recycling trade organisations, to double the amount of wood waste used in the energy supply of cement plants.

Volpy brings smartphones into the circular economy

Volpy, switch and sell your smartphone with an app!

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Country: 
France

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Volpy is an all-in-one ethical and environmental innovation on the smartphone market: customers can have their smartphones valued, return them and exchange with others directly through an app.

FISSAC project - a new Industrial Symbiosis model for the Construction industry

Fostering Industrial Symbiosis for a Sustainable Resource Intensive Industry across the extended Construction Value Chain

The FISSAC project involves stakeholders at all levels of the construction and demolition value chain to develop a methodology and software platform, to facilitate information exchange, that can support industrial symbiosis networks and replicate pilot schemes at local and regional levels.

SwitchMed Green Entrepreneurship Programme

Amine, founder of Mornag Eco farm, an ecological farm in Tunisia

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Country: 
Other (Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine, Tunisia)

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Vocational training

The EU-funded SwitchMed Programme supports and connects stakeholders to scale-up social and eco-innovations in the Mediterranean. It promotes inclusive growth, job creation and sustainable development by supporting policy makers, eco-innovative small and medium sized enterprises, industries, start-ups and entrepreneurs in the Southern Mediterranean countries.

SwitchMed National Action Plan Demo projects

Nardjess Mokhtari and Anis Ouazene founders of the¨Atelier Le Printemps in Algeria

The EU-funded SwitchMed Programme supports and connects stakeholders to scale-up social and eco innovations in the Mediterranean.

Banning Single-Use Plastic Bags: Good practices Guide for Local Authorities

Surfrider Foundation Europoe's Guide of Good Practices aims at showcasing those local authorities who
Country: 
France

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Contact: 
Contact

8 billion plastic bags end up in the environment in Europe every year. They have dramatic impacts on the environment, and especially on marine ecosystems, killing every year thousands of marine animals, and affecting no less than 260 different species.

Évaluation environnementale du recyclage en France selon la méthodologie de l’analyse de cycle de vie

Évaluation environnementale du recyclage en France selon la méthodologie de l’analyse de cycle de vie

Study on CO2 & energy savings

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Author: 
Federec & Ademe
Publication Date: 
04/2017
Country: 
France

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Contact: 
Emmanuel Katrakis

Au sein du défi global qu’est le développement durable, l’économie circulaire est un levier important pour les autorités publiques et les industriels. Le recyclage est l’un des leviers qui permet d’atteindre les objectifs d’économie de ressources et de diminution des émissions de gaz à effet de serre fixés à travers différents textes européens et nationaux. Ainsi, En France, on peut citer la loi n° 2015-992 du 17 août 2015 relative à la transition énergétique pour la croissance verte fixant, parmi d’autres, l’objectif d’augmentation de la quantité de déchets non dangereux non inertes valorisés sous forme de matière à 55% (en masse) en 2020 et 65% en 2025 ainsi que l’objectif spécifique aux déchets du bâtiment et des travaux publics de valoriser sous forme de matière 70 % des déchets en 2020.

RCYCL

Rcycl creates jobs

The LIFE project RCYCL (LIFE99 ENV/B/000640) set up a scheme for the collection and reuse of bulky waste in municipalities of Belgium’s German-speaking community and the region of Verviers, under the auspices of a social enterprise.

Packaging & Circular Economy

Packaging & Circular Economy

As is the case with Mr. Jourdain, who was unaware of what he was writing, industries involved in packaging have already implemented the circular economy model. Results in material recycling are relevant proof thereof. Industries are not getting involved in this process out for ideological reasons but because it often makes sense from an economical point of view. Since we were lucky enough not to be starting from scratch, we offered a tangible approach through illustration for each main material and/or packaging category from: glass to paper, cardboard, food cartons, steel, aluminum, wood, and plastic materials. This also includes the energy consumed by the different materials and the waste produced by all the different activities involved. By digesting some of the best existing or developing practices, we wish to make the circular economy model a fully-fledged part of the packaging sector.

The climate stakes of construction

The climate stakes of construction

The climate stakes of construction
Author: 
Orée - Entreprises, territoire et environnement
Publication Date: 
01/2016
Country: 
France

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Contact: 
Stevan Vellet

The most used resources in the building sector, such as sand and metals, are non-renewable resources. Extracted, transported and processed in ever-increasing quantities, at ever-higher energy costs and with consequences which are far from negligible for the environment, their use does not fit with a sustainable logic. Thinking in terms of circular economy prompts us to take another look at these linear and consuming models, at both the level of materials for building, energy, land, and that of waste management.

Circular economy for the preservation of resources and the climate

Circular economy for the preservation of resources and the climate

Circular economy for the preservation of resources and the climate

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Book
Author: 
Orée - Entreprises, territoire et environnement
Publication Date: 
09/2015
Country: 
France

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Contact: 
Stevan Vellet

This book will help you discovering a large number of experiments and actions which can be reproduced on your level of action. Their generalisation to the whole France is currently a priority if we want to lead the ecological transition of our society. Nevertheless, circular economy is not something which can be decreed, and each territory wishing to invest in it has to reinvent its own process to adapt and implement the concept to its own specificities.

Be Circular - Regional Programme 2016 – 2020

Regional plan for the circular economy, Brussels Capital Region

Be Circular Brussels logo
Publication Date: 
03/2016
Country: 
Belgium

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Contact: 
Helpline (Belgium) 1819

Brussels Capital region Circular Economy strategy, adopted in 2016, sets a 10 year framework to move Brussels' economy towards a circular model.

The strategy is focused on three objectives: transform environmental goals into economic opportunities, anchor the Brussels economy, where possible, to local produce and to minimise transportation whilst optimising the use of available territory in order to create additional value for the people of Brussels and to contribute to the creation of employment. It is structured in 4 different axes (combining 111 actions):

  • Transversal ( regulatory framework);
  • sectorial (specific industries);
  • territorial and
  • governance (to bring together 3 ministerial department)

Giving plastic bottles a second life through “Bottle-to-Bottle” in Rostock

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Germany

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Every year in Rostock, Veolia converts 1 billion PET drinks bottles into so-called recyclate from which preforms/bottles can again be manufactured.

Turning coffee by-product into green energy

This joint venture is a successful and genuine example of a short circuit circular loop where Veolia and Jacobs Douwe Egberts developed a solution to use spent coffee grounds from the plant’s production process to produce steam.

The road to a circular future: the realizations and the challenges

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Belgium

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Denuo is the Belgian umbrella association for private companies who put the circular economy at the heart of their operations. It represents 220 companies who are helping enterprises across all sectors to fundamentally change their production processes, making the transition towards the circular economy, and also including manufacturing companies who use circular economy principles.

ELIPSE : le référentiel pour l'évaluation des performances des démarches d'écologie industrielle et territoriale (EIT)

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France

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Le référentiel ELIPSE est un outil qui permet d’assurer l’évaluation et le suivi des démarches d’écologie industrielle et territoriale (EIT).

Circular economy, a holistic approach towards low-carbon Alpine cities

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Slovenia

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Cities and regions in Alpine Space have mainly set their low-carbon objectives and adopted relevant strategies in energy, mobility, construction aso. The project GREENCYCLE aims to introduce the system of circular economy as a holistic approach to support implementation of low-carbon strategies and provide additional 2-4 % greenhouse emission reduction to the partner cities.

Innovative bonus-malus system for increased rates of recyclability in the packaging industry, France

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France

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Eco-contribution is mandatory in France for the packaging industry, as an incentive for improving recyclability from the start. The Modulated Eco-Contribution Scale is an educational and financial incentive tool promoting the development of eco-design. In order to facilitate maximum recycling of paper fibres, manufacturers must adopt best practices and manage materials so as to preserve quality.

Three pilot colleges in the Lozere Department eradicate food waste from the menu

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France

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At the end of year 2014 the Lozere Department engaged in a territorial plan of waste prevention.

Among the different actions, the Department has implemented an action in three pilot colleges to fight food waste in the canteens. The ambitious and transversal program involved actors at all levels in the college: Director, Manager, kitchen team, teachers, students and their parents.

Sustainable fish farming and fighting against food waste

The project located in the territory of Thau is an experimental project, carried out by the CPIE* Bassin de Thau with the involvement of different partners, including CIRAD* for scientific coordination. This project aims to develop a new fishing field by experimenting with mule farming and by testing the incorporation of bread from the catering industry into fish pellets.

SubsTer® - Transforming quarry tailings into fertile ground

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France

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SubsTer can be used to preserve natural spaces and recreate landscaped areas.

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