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Gestion des déchets

28 Mar 2018
New customized compostable materials for the manufacture of tableware, packages and single-use bags

The project Bio+, led by the bag manufacturer PICDA and coordinated by AIMPLAS, will allow to develop customized compostable materials for plastic packages, bags and tableware.

The Circular Economy: A review of definitions, processes and impacts

The Circular Economy: A review of definitions, processes and impacts

The Circular Economy: A review of definitions, processes and impacts


CEPS Task Force
Publication Date: 

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Isabelle Tenaerts

Transforming the linear economy, which has remained the dominant model since the onset of the Industrial Revolution, into a circular one is by no means an easy task. Such a radical change entails a major transformation of our current production and consumption patterns, which in turn will have a significant impact on the economy, the environment and society. Understanding these impacts is crucial for researchers as well as for policy-makers engaged in designing future policies in the field. This requires developing an in-depth knowledge of the concept of the circular economy, its processes and their expected effects on sectors and value chains.

This paper reviews the growing literature on the circular economy with the aim of improving our understanding of the concept as well as its various dimensions and expected impacts. On the basis of this review, it attempts to map the processes involved and their application in different sectors.

The paper suggests that research on the circular economy is currently fragmented across various disciplines and there are often different perspectives and interpretations of the concept and the related aspects that need to be assessed. This fragmentation is also evident in the available studies that adopt different approaches in calculating the impacts, which makes efforts at comparing the results from different sources very challenging.

Finally, this paper suggests that there is limited information on the indirect effects on the economy (e.g. impacts on the value chain or changes in consumption spending patterns) as well as the social impacts of the circular economy transition.

What is it made of and where do I drop it for recycling? There's the Junker App for that.

Waste disosal is easy, just a blip away

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"Junker" is the APP which recognizes products, within a single click on their barcode, and provides citizens with all the necessary information for recycling their components in a correct and fast way. It is the application which makes waste disposal easy, thanks to the Internet of Things and user crowdsourcing.

Learn more:

Re-use before recycling of laser printer cartridges

Generic refurbishing process of laser printer cartridges

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Printer cartridges are seen as a single-use product by printer and cartridge Original Equipment Manufacturers. However, most of today’s printer cartridges fall within the scope of the WEEE-2 directive.

Granada biorefinery – A 100% circular facility

Aerial view of the Waste Water Treatment Plant in Granada, now transformed into a Biorefinery.

The Granada Sur Biorefinery of Emasagra has set up an ambitious environmental strategy in order to become European circular economy reference in the field of sanitation and wastewater treatment.

Circular comfortable furniture, made from recovered (ocean) plastics

The chairs are made from recovered marine and coastal plastic

The company Van de Sant Innovations BV designs and manufactures comfortable sustainable furniture, made from recovered (ocean) plastics.

Co-processing of waste in EU cement plants: status and prospects

Co-processing of waste in EU cement plants: status and prospects

The EU cement industry supports the promotion of industrial symbiosis and the recognition of energy recovery as a waste management solution for non-recyclable waste. The use of waste materials in the cement industry with a simultaneous energy recovery and material recycling, referred to as co-processing, contributes towards achieving the objectives of the circular economy.

18 Apr 2018 to 19 Apr 2018
Conference about CE in Poland - 3Revolution: Reduce, Reuse, Recover

Conference about CE in Poland - 3Revolution: Reduce, Reuse, Recover

RE-Salt initiative: Recycling of industrial salty process water

Tanks of the pilot plant - Re-Salt

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After several years of research, a pilot plant has been constructed and gone into operation within Covesto’s project Cycles (funded by German Federal Ministry of Environment (BMUB)), to demonstrate the reuse of low-concentrated salt-containing wastewater streams.

Mattresses re-designed for re-use and recycling

Mattresses re-designed for re-use and recycling

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Portugal, Spain, United Kingdom

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Production of organic, natural, luxury mattresses, toppers and bedding, using 100% biodegradable material wherever possible.

FISSAC project - a new Industrial Symbiosis model for the Construction industry

Fostering Industrial Symbiosis for a Sustainable Resource Intensive Industry across the extended Construction Value Chain

The FISSAC project involves stakeholders at all levels of the construction and demolition value chain to develop a methodology and software platform, to facilitate information exchange, that can support industrial symbiosis networks and replicate pilot schemes at local and regional levels.

Waste – interior design products from Delete’s demolition materials visual

Delete’s Waste recycled products are manufactured by recycling and reusing materials created at Delete’s demolition locations.

10 May 2018 to 11 May 2018
Registration now open: Unfolding Circular Economy Roadmaps conference

The third edition of the Circular Change Conference will be a two-day interactive stream of indoor and outdoor events. 

20 Mar 2018
Circularity and resource efficiency within the public sector in UK and Europe

Circularity and resource efficiency within the public sector.

Cement industry: protecting natural resources by reusing alternative materials

Substitution of natural resources in the Austrian cement industry

The use of alternative resources has a long tradition in the Austrian Cement Industry. The success story originally started with the processing of alternative main constituents for cement production. The recent trend reaches out further for the substitution of natural raw materials for the clinker production. For every ton of cement, almost 500 kg of alternative resources have been reused. 

Alternatives to single-use plastic bags in Morocco

Moroccan women producing durable by reusing other single-use bags

SCP/RAC promotes an action in Morocco to support the country in transitioning from single-use plastic bags to other green means.

SwitchMed Green Entrepreneurship Programme

Amine, founder of Mornag Eco farm, an ecological farm in Tunisia

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Other (Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine, Tunisia)

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Vocational training

The EU-funded SwitchMed Programme supports and connects stakeholders to scale-up social and eco-innovations in the Mediterranean. It promotes inclusive growth, job creation and sustainable development by supporting policy makers, eco-innovative small and medium sized enterprises, industries, start-ups and entrepreneurs in the Southern Mediterranean countries.

Circular Economy Stakeholder Conference on 20/21 February: Delivering on the Circular Economy - What's next?

Start/End date: 
20/02/2018 to 21/02/2018

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Two years after the adoption of the first EU Circular Economy Package, more than half of the initiatives included in the Action Plan were delivered. The first Circular Economy Stakeholder Annual Conference took place in Brussels in February 2018 to discuss upcoming deliverables, explore new areas of action, and share the first achievements of the European Circular Economy Stakeholder Platform.

SwitchMed National Action Plan Demo projects

Nardjess Mokhtari and Anis Ouazene founders of the¨Atelier Le Printemps in Algeria

The EU-funded SwitchMed Programme supports and connects stakeholders to scale-up social and eco innovations in the Mediterranean.

Toss it in the bin: anti-littering-initiative by Altstoff Recycling Austria

Toss it in the bin

Founded in 2012‚ "Reinwerfen statt Wegwerfen" is a voluntary initiative of Austrian businesses, based on an agreement between Austrian social partners and the Federal Ministry of Sustainability and Tourism to improve the ecological performance of packaging by creating public awareness, preventing and reducing littering and promoting the separate collection and recycling of packaging.