You are here

Do we have waste in 2030? - The role of municipalities in the transition to a circular economy

Start/End date: 
05/2017 to 05/2018
Expected end date: 

Type of funding:

Kommune Norge - Stig Bang-Andersen

Contact details


The project "Do we have waste in 2030?" was conducted in May-November 2017 by Ramboll on behalf of KS.

The purpose of the assignment has been to highlight the possibilities the municipalities have to accommodate a more circular economy in the future.

The transition to a circular economy involves a systemic shift where all parts of the value chain of a product play a role, from extracting raw materials from nature, new designs and ways of producing the products, new business models for consumption, reuse and repair of the products to new ways of utilizing the materials from old products in new production.

As local community developers, planning authorities, waste management actors and key actors in environmental work, the municipalities have a significant responsibility. This report points to some of the key responsibilities and opportunities for the Norwegian municipalities when approaching a more circular future.

Check the Report (NO)

Main results: 

The waste industry has competencies and a role that will be crucial if the municipalities are to be able to use the potential of the conversion into a circular economy.

As shown in the report, there are a number of examples where this is being done today and the municipalities have already taken key roles in the conversion. At the same time, there is significant potential in further developing this, and that more municipalities take more active roles. Three concrete and simple examples of how this can be done are to:

  • invite the waste industry to take an advisory part in several areas of the municipalities. This applies, for example, to involvement in counselling in planning, both strategic (societal plans) and operational (regulatory plans). Furthermore, we believe there will be gains in connecting the waste industry to the labour and education sector to an even greater extent than today;
  • clarify the municipality's ownership strategy to the waste company. Develop the dialogue with the waste company on how they can best share their knowledge with local businesses, research and education sector and the rest of the municipality;
  • use its role as a purchaser to set demands on recyclable products. In consultation with the waste companies, the municipality, as a major purchaser, can already today influence positive product development in the market. Life cycle costs and environmental consequences are demanding accounting, but the waste industry has considerable expertise in this area.