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Report on metal demand for renewable electricity production in the Netherlands

Metal demand for renewable electricity production in the Netherlands

Type:

Author: 
Metabolic, Copper8 & Leiden University
Publication Date: 
December, 2018
Country: 
Netherlands

Language for original content:

Key Area:

Contact: 
Pieter van Exter
Sybren Bosch
Benjamin Sprecher

For our future electricity system, a significant amount of wind and solar energy is required. In turn, these energy technologies require some specific critical metals. The current global supply of several critical metals is insufficient to guarantee a transition to a renewable energy system.

Calculations for The Netherlands show that additional wind turbines and photovoltaic panels already require a significant share of the annual global production of some critical metals.

This report outlines the magnitude of the issue and the complexity of the supply chain. It also identifies various paths towards solutions.