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In this section you will find existing strategies for the transition to a circular economy adopted at national, regional or local level by public authorities.

Submissions for Strategies can be sent via our online specific form.

Displaying 1 - 10 of 63

National Strategy for the Circular Economy in Romania

National Strategy for the Circular Economy in Romania

The Romanian Strategy for the Circular Economy (NSCE) is a roadmap for accelerating Romania's transition from a linear to a circular economic model. The implementation of the Action Plan (to be adopted in September 2023) will provide a framework for this transition. The strategy gives an overview of the fourteen economic sectors, and identifies the following as having the greatest circular potential:

  • agriculture and forestry
  • automotive sector
  • construction
  • consumer goods (food and beverages)
  • packaging (glass, paper, plastic materials etc.)
  • textiles
  • electrical and electronic equipment.

The overall objective of the NSCE is closely linked to the Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations' 2030 Agenda.

Towards circular building cities: nine new action plans

Urge Integrated Action Plan
Publication Date: 

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How can a city boost the circular economy in its local construction sector?

The URGE project, co-funded by the URBACT programme, brought together nine cities and their stakeholders to develop new strategies for circular building cities. This summer, the cities’ action plans were delivered.

Some of the actions that will be taken:

  • Data collection on C&D waste in Prato
  • Introductory course on the circular economy in higher education in Riga
  • Innovation incubator for waste reduction in Copenhagen
  • Tax discounts for circular construction in Granada
  • Scaling circular construction material hubs in Utrecht.

Curious about all nine action plans? More information is available here.

Roadmap - Towards the Circular Economy in Montenegro

Roadmap CE in Montenegro

The Roadmap - Towards the Circular Economy in Montenegro aims to steer the transition to a circular economy in Montenegro. It is based on systemic thinking and outlines the main drivers, horizontal and priority areas, opportunities for circular transformation and recommendations for the way forward.

The strategy identifies five focus areas (food and forest systems, the built environment, tourism and manufacturing) that are highly interconnected and, through the principles of industrial symbiosis and synergies, can result in systemic change.

The roadmap is an outcome of collaboration between the Montenegrin Chamber of the Economy, UNDP, Circular Change and Deloitte BiH.

Circular Cities Program Poland: Krakow

Publication Date: 
Netherlands, Poland

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Beth Njeri Contact details

In 2017, Poland was the third most carbon–intensive economy in Europe. The five main contributing sectors are power, industry, the built environment (mainly heating), agrifood and transport.

Poland is home to 33 out of 50 cities with the highest air quality concerns in the EU, according to the WHO. The two major sources of pollutants are motor vehicles and the burning of coal in domestic solid fuel furnaces.

Recent action by Poland's cities, governments, and local communities indicate that change is sought after. The acceptance of the circular economy roadmap at the national level in 2018 and city development strategies emphasize readiness for a transition towards a circular economy. This transition could help tackle some of the country's greatest social and environmental challenges.

The Innovation Agenda for Sustainable Use of Resources

The Innovation Agenda for Sustainable Use of Resources

Each year, humanity consumes resources equivalent to 1.7 planets. Sustainable resource use is therefore essential if we are to achieve our national environmental and climate objectives and the sustainable global development goals in the 2030 Agenda.

RE:Source is a strategic innovation programme co-funded by the Swedish Agency for Innovation Systems (Vinnova), the Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning (Formas) and the Swedish Energy Agency. The programme focuses on research and innovation in sustainable material use.

Within RE:Source, the RE:Agenda describes the innovation area of sustainable use of resources, which aims to support solutions that contribute to the efficient use of the earth’s resources within the planetary boundaries.

Whole of Government Circular Economy Strategy 2022-2023 Living More, Using Less

Living More, Using Less: Ireland’s first national circular economy strategy

Living More, Using Less
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The Whole of Government Circular Economy Strategy is Ireland’s first national circular economy strategy. The Strategy is a key addition to the Government’s drive to achieve a 51% reduction in overall greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 and to get on a path to reach net-zero emissions by no later than 2050, as per commitments in the Programme for Government and the Climate Act 2021.

The Strategy explains what the circular economy is, why Ireland needs to deliver on a circular economy and how national policy will develop to support that goal. A circular economy can have positive environmental, economic and social impacts, such as reduced plastic pollution, new jobs and better quality, longer lasting consumer products.

Madeira Circular Agenda

Madeira Circular
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The Madeira Circular Agenda bolsters the position of the Autonomous Region of Madeira (RAM) as a circular economy hotspot.

It involves civil society and public and private entities in a system that seeks to keep materials in the economy, and to promote efficiency, circularity and sustainability as competitiveness and differentiation factors for the regional economy. The Agenda also aims to ensure that RAM companies act as circular economy leaders in their respective sectors, adopting best practices and creating innovative solutions based on circularity principles, particularly in sectors deemed critical for the region, namely agri-food, construction, tourism, social sector and the sea.

Circular Economy Roadmap for Germany

Circular Economy Initiative Deutschland

Within the framework of the Circular Economy Initiative Deutschland (CEID) and its three interdisciplinary and cross-sectoral working groups, more than 130 experts from industry, science and civil society have summed up their findings in the Circular Economy (CE) Roadmap for Germany, which consists of a consolidated opinion addressing society as a whole.

This Roadmap, which has focused - right from the beginning - on shaping a consistent and common target vision for a circular economy in 2030, is a scientifically-based framework for action that systemically describes the necessary steps for Germany to transition to a CE and provides decision-makers from politics, industry and science with concrete recommendations for action.

Circular Turku - A Roadmap Toward Resource Wisdom

Circular Turku

In 2018 the City of Turku set the following target: becoming carbon neutral by 2029, in time for its 800th anniversary.

Finland's oldest city, Turku is a forerunner in circular innovations in the water, textiles and chemicals sectors, among others. A vibrant community of researchers and business actors, along with numerous public and private initiatives, already contribute to scale up circularity in the Turku region.

The Circular Turku roadmap is about creating the right conditions for a circular transition in the region. The city can support this transition through different levers such as local regulations, urban planning and infrastructure development.

Turku wants to promote a fair and inclusive circular transformation of economic systems that benefits all city residents.

Summary of Wallonia's strategy

Circular Wallonia

Wallonia logo

This model reinforces Wallonia's objective of renewing its industry and will ensure that the region is better able to cope with future crises.

The strategy will achieve this by fully integrating the alterations and adaptations required by climate change, and by making Wallonia more independent in terms of resources and global supply chains.

Wallonia’s vision is based on the following guidelines:

  • Moving towards a carbon-neutral economy;
  • Moving towards a resilient and inclusive economy;
  • Stimulating innovation as a catalyst with emphasis on the digital transition and nature-based solutions.

Particular attention is paid to the six value chains: Construction, Plastics, Food, Water, Textiles and Metallurgy