You are here

English

The URBANREC project: new approaches for recovery of urban bulky waste to create high added-value recycled products

URBANREC: recovering urban bulky waste to create high added-value recycled products

Author: 
Anabel Crespo, Head of the AIMPLAS Composites Department
Publication Date: 
04/2020
Country: 
Spain

Language for original content:

Contact: 
Anabel Crespo

Despite continuous advances in municipal waste management, there are still several waste streams that offer limited opportunities for material recovery and thus end up in landfills and incineration plants.

One challenging stream is the “bulky waste”, defined by the URBANREC project as “(mixed) waste from households and similar waste from companies that does not fit (because of its size, shape or weight) in the regular receptacles used for household waste collection".

In this context, the URBANREC project aims to develop and implement a comprehensive eco-innovative bulky waste management system (to enhance prevention and reuse, improve logistics and develop new waste treatment methods to obtain high added-value recycled products) and show its effectiveness in different regions.

Remelting and Purification of Si-Kerf for PV-Wafers

Research: Remelting and purification of silicon kerf for photovoltaic wafers

Author: 
M. Syvertsen, T. Halvorsen, K. Mørk, A. Nordmark, T. Kaden, A. Ulyashin
Publication Date: 
09/2017
Country: 
Other (Norway)

Language for original content:

Scope:

Contact: 
Alexander Ulyashin

Research on Remelting and Purification of Si-kerf for PV wafers is part of CABRISS, a European collaboration aimed to develop a circular economy mainly for the photovoltaic but also other industries such as electronics or metallurgy.

During production of silicon wafers out of silicon (Si) ingots and wafers, about 40–50% of the material is lost due to the cutting technique. The research had kerf from slurry based wafer cuttings undergoing several refining steps and being remelted into ingots for PV-application.

Conclusion: With 10 %  refined material, ingots were still directionally solidified, whereas with 100 % refined material, they were not. The presented refining method does not allow for ingots with 100 % refined material to be used as PV-material.

Recycling of broken Si based structures and solar cells

Recycling broken solar cells into new silicon feedstock

Author: 
Syvertsen, Martin, Ryningen, Birgit, Sabatino, Marisa Di, Palitzsch, Wolfram, Moller, HJ, Audoin, Claire, Serasset, Marion, Pelletier, David, Rakotoniania, Jean Patrice, Dieguez, Joaquim, Souto, Alejandro, Denafas, Julius, Petreniene, Lina, Pranaitis, Mindaugas, Cyras, Valirus, Zulobas, Rytis, Ulyashin, Alexander
Publication Date: 
06/2017
Country: 
Other (Norway)

Language for original content:

Scope:

Contact: 
Alexander Ulyashin

The project Recycling of broken Si based structures and solar cells is part of CABRISS, a European collaboration aimed to develop a circular economy mainly for the photovoltaic (PV), but also for other industries such as electronics or metallurgy.

The paper presents some tests in which broken solar cell structures coming from an early stage in the PV production process chain as well as broken finished solar cells have been recycled into new silicon (Si) feedstock through demetallisation, purification and directional solidification.

The paper explores two different routes to remove diffusion layers and anti-reflection coating (ARC) on broken cells. It also presents the characteristics of ingots produced with the Si-feedstock from the two routes by directional solidification.

Global Circular Economy Scenario in a Multiregional Input–Output Framework

A Global Circular Economy Scenario?

Author: 
Kirsten S. Wiebe, Marek Harsdorff, Guillermo Montt, Moana S. Simas, Richard Wood
Publication Date: 
05/2019
Country: 
Other (Norway)

Language for original content:

Scope:

Contact: 
Kirsten S. Wiebe

In a resource-constrained world the future economy will need to be circular.

From a policy perspective, the question is whether averting catastrophic environmental impacts through an accelerated transition to a global circular economy can also deliver sustained growth and jobs.

Multiregional input−output (MRIO) analysis models the interdependencies between industries and within/between countries as well as between intermediate and final goods producers and consumers, thus providing a useful toolbox for assessing social, environmental, and economy-wide impacts of the adoption of the circular economy.

This research paper resorts to this toolbox to compare the business-as-usual (BAU) scenario to an alternative circular economy scenario.

From digging to building: construction site excavations make perfect, low-emission new bricks

Circular building earth building Compressed earth blocks

Type of organisation or company:

Country: 
Belgium

Language for original content:

Key Area:

At its production site in Brussels, BC materials blends and transforms ordinary earth streams - what some consider to be waste - into perfectly circular building materials.

EASAC Report - Packaging plastics in the circular economy

Packaging plastics

Type:

Author: 
Deutsche Akademie der Naturforscher Leopoldina
Publication Date: 
03/2020
Country: 
EU

Language for original content:

Contact: 
EASAC

Packaging plastics can offer an almost infinite range of options for manufacturers, both in terms of function and design. Their durability and resistance to degradation means that if they ‘leak’ into the environment, they stay there. Leakage has been increasing rapidly and its detrimental impact, especially on the marine environment, has attracted wide public and political concern.

EASAC established in 2018 an Expert Group to look at scientific aspects of plastics packaging and the circular economy. This report is the result of an 18-month investigation and reviews the negative consequences of the current linear economy for plastic packaging, the scope for improvement towards a more circular pattern and options for increasing recycling rates and reducing leakage into the environment.

MBB LIFE+ Investing in Water project - case study APS Bank

MBB LIFE+ Investing in Water Project

Type of organisation or company:

Country: 
Malta

Language for original content:

Key Area:

Scope:

This case study is a part of the MBB LIFE+ Investing in Water project. APS Bank decided to invest in a holistic on-site water conservation programme. The aim of the programme was to put the bank’s sustainability policy into practice, reduce operational costs and help conserve scarce national resources.

Delivering a circular economy within the planet’s boundaries: An analysis of the new EU Circular Economy Action Plan

Delivering a circular economy within the planet’s boundaries: an analysis of the new EU Circular Economy Action Plan

Analysis of the new EU Circular Economy Action Plan 2020
Author: 
Mia Pantzar, Timothy Suljada
Publication Date: 
03/2020
Country: 
EU

Language for original content:

Key Area:

Scope:

Contact: 
Mia Pantzar

This analysis by IEEP and SEI assesses to what extent the actions included in the new Circular Economy Action Plan published by the European Commission on 11 March 2020 may contribute to a more circular European economy within the boundaries of the planet.

The authors conclude that the action plan is a promising continuation of existing efforts, but ask for more concrete measures to address unsustainable resource consumption.

The authors make five recommendations to EU policymakers in this regard and emphasise the importance of EU Member States and the private sector showing leadership and willingness to innovate.

PLATIRUS project - meeting the PGM (Platinum Group Metals) supply gap by recovering materials from secondary resources

Type of organisation or company:

Country: 
Spain

Language for original content:

The PLATIRUS project seeks to address the European shortage of Platinum Group Metals (PGMs) by recovering PGMs from alternative secondary resources. It has the potential to offer a substitute for a large proportion of these critical raw materials which are becoming ever more scarce.

ETV4Innovation for Environmental technology verification

ETV4INNOVATION is a two-and-a-half-year long European Commission funded vocational education and training Strategic Partnership project under Erasmus+ programme. It has been designed with the aim to support the development and the implementation of an innovative practice and a new training path in the field of Environmental Technology Verification (ETV).

Overview Circular Flanders: a 2017-2019 retrospective

Circular Flanders
Publication Date: 
03/2020
Country: 
Belgium

Language for original content:

Sector:

Contact: 
Veerle Labeeuw

This retrospective report is a review of the plans set out by Circular Flanders in the Kick-off Statement.

The most important finding? A good deal more was accomplished than initially anticipated. For example, the opportunity to launch three Open Calls, permitting the funding of over 130 innovative circular economy projects. The Green Deal on Circular Construction was also an unprecedented opportunity, as was the complementary reinforcement of the OVAM team of experts in ecodesign and area-specific operations, allowing the scope to expand.

This retrospective report is an interactive PDF. External links to downloads or online resources have been embedded on each project page for easy accessibility.

REE4EU: exploring novel technologies to reclaim Rare Earth Elements from waste streams

Type of organisation or company:

Country: 
Other (Norway)

Language for original content:

Rare Earth Elements (REEs) are considered as "key enablers" of green technologies. However, they are also the elements with the highest supply risk.
The EU funded project REE4EU has developed processes that may help to regain REEs from RE-containing waste streams.

LIFE DIANA - turning Petroleum Refinery Sludge into soil with added value

Type of organisation or company:

Country: 
Greece

Language for original content:

The overall objective of the project is the "smart" exploitation of Petroleum Refinery Sludges (PRS) produced by the Refinery of Motor Oil Hellas in Corinth (Greece).

CABRISS: pioneering reusing and recovering Indium, Silicon and Silver materials for photovoltaic industry and other applications

Type of organisation or company:

Country: 
Other (Norway)

Language for original content:

Scope:

The EU-funded CABRISS project aims at pioneering a circular economy dedicated to handling the critical situation of recycling the considerable amount of photovoltaic waste for the photovoltaic, but also for the electronic and glass industry.

Categorisation system for the circular economy - a contribution to the future EU Taxonomy

Type:

Author: 
Schempp, Christian, Hirsch, Peter
Publication Date: 
03/2020
Country: 
Belgium

Language for original content:

Sector:

Scope:

Contact: 
Janneke van Veen

The lack of a commonly accepted and inclusive definition and circularity measurement methodology hampers the transition to a more circular economy. It obstructs the development and access to finance, credit risk assessment, and transferability and replicability of projects and investments across regions and jurisdictions.

The Expert Group of Support to Circular Economy Financing proposes a sector-agnostic circular economy categorisation system that defines categories of activities substantially contributing to a circular economy. This categorisation system is intended as a contribution to the future work of the Sustainable Finance Platform on the EU taxonomy of activities contributing to the circular economy objective.

RE4 project: designing solutions for circular buildings, integrating recycled materials from construction and demolition waste

The EU-funded RE4 project has developed prefabricated energy-efficient building concepts containing up to 85 % of recycled materials and reused structures from construction and demolition waste (DMW).

Recycled post-consumer textiles - an industry perspective

Recycled post-consumer textiles - an industry perspective

Recycled post-consumer textiles

Type:

Author: 
Circle Economy
Publication Date: 
02/2020
Country: 
EU

Language for original content:

Scope:

Contact: 
Hilde van Duijn

Europe is facing a growing mountain of used textiles. In North-West Europe 4700 kilotonnes of post-consumer textile waste are generated annually. Still, less than 1% of textiles produced are currently recycled into new ones, and around 50% are downcycled, incinerated or landfilled.

Automated sorting technologies could enable the industry to turn non-rewearable textiles into valuable feedstock for high-value recycling. Fibersort, a Near Infrared based technology, is able to categorise textiles according to their fibre composition, structure and colour.

At the end of each chapter of the report, recommendations are formulated for recyclers, manufacturers and brands to address the socio-cultural, physical and economic barriers for uptake of sorted textiles.

Circular Economy Business Action Group

The Business Action Group was created with the aim of transposing the latest international trends, generating further knowledge and collaborating with the public administration regarding potential circular economy national strategies.

Sustainable construction guidelines for public authorities – A circular economy perspective

ACR+ report - Sustainable construction guidelines for public authorities – A circular economy perspective

Type:

Author: 
ACR+ Association of Cities and Regions for sustainable Resource management
Publication Date: 
12/2019
Country: 
EU

Language for original content:

Contact: 
Paolo Marengo
Philippe Micheaux Naudet

Sustainable construction guidelines for public authorities – A circular economy perspective aims to help public authorities navigate through the topic of sustainable construction, understand what it means and determine how to encourage it.

The guidelines are especially targeted at local and regional authorities, as they play a crucial role in the whole construction life cycle not only by stimulating innovation and cooperation between all actors but also because they work at a level close to citizens.

Unlike most of the literature on the topic, these guidelines focus on circularity and material resource efficiency, rather than covering only energy efficiency extensively. Moreover, the report goes beyond waste to integrate the whole value chain of the construction sector.

Report by ACR+: Analysis of 135 paper and packaging waste collection systems

ACR+ report - Analysis of 135 paper and packaging waste collection systems

Type:

Author: 
ACR+ Association of Cities and Regions for sustainable Resource management
Publication Date: 
10/2019
Country: 
EU

Language for original content:

Sector:

Contact: 
Jean-Benoit Bel
Philippe Micheaux Naudet

The report provides an overview of different organisations and an analysis of the local performances of 135 waste collection systems across Europe. It highlights the diversity of collection systems, with many different sorting systems and combination of collection modes (door-to-door, bring bank, combined, etc.).

This report is a publication of the ACR+ Waste Observatory whose objective is to allow consistent comparisons among local and regional authorities, in order to provide benchmarks on municipal waste management and identify effective waste strategies for quality recycling. The analysed data has been collected in the framework of the H2020 COLLECTORS project, aimed at identifying good practices to improve the quantity of sorted municipal waste leading to high quality recycling.

Pages