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Preserving value in EU industrial materials - A value perspective on the use of steel, plastics and aluminium

Preserving value in EU industrial materials

Type:

Author: 
Robert Westerdahl, Per Klevnäs, Per-Anders Enkvist
Publication Date: 
11/2020
Country: 
Sweden

Language for original content:

So far, the debate on material use and recycling has primarily been held in terms of tonnes, cubic metres, and environmental impact. This is all highly relevant, but a focus on volumes and flows also leaves important questions unanswered.

The report takes a step towards painting a more complete picture, taking an economic value perspective on material flows, and it assesses Europe’s use of steel, plastics and aluminium in terms of Euros instead of tonnes. Its objective is to answer the following questions:

  1. When 100 Euros worth of raw materials enter the European economy, how much economic value is retained after one cycle of use?
  2. What are the main reasons for loss of material value?
  3. How could more value be retained?
  4. What business opportunities arise as a result?

Innovation competition for sustainable plastic use: How do we shape a sustainable food system?

Innovation competition for sustainable plastic use: How do we shape a sustainable food system?

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Author: 
Swedish Environmental Protection Agency
Publication Date: 
10/2020
Country: 
Sweden

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This report describes innovation competition as a method of tackling major environmental challenges, specifically how to provide food sustainably and resource-efficiently in the future.

Two teams with expertise in plastics, logistics and sustainability developed solutions focused on a more regional food supply enabling us to reduce the amount of plastic, packaging and transport used. The winning submission is a conversion tool describing the principles of sustainable production and consumption of food.

The Future of Work: Baseline Employment Analysis and Skills Pathways for the Circular Economy in Scotland

The Future of Work: Baseline Employment Analysis and Skills Pathways for the Circular Economy in Scotland

The Future of Work

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Author: 
Leonore te Bokkel, Fiona Craig and Sarah Wotton, Zero Waste Scotland, Esther Goodwin Brown and Joke Dufourmont, Circle Economy
Publication Date: 
10/2020
Country: 
Netherlands

Language for original content:

Contact: 
Circle Economy

This report explores the implications of the transition towards the circular economy for the Scottish labour market. It presents a baseline measurement of the number and geographical distribution of jobs currently related to the circular economy in Scotland and explores the types of circular jobs, roles and skills associated with opportunity areas in three value chains: construction, bioeconomy and capital equipment.

Circle Economy and Zero Waste Scotland designed this report to support enterprise agencies, workforce development, governments, universities, employers and other representatives to recognise the potential of the circular economy for the Scottish labour market and the related skills development needs of its workforce as part of a just transition.

Circular Economy in Serbia: The Process Started

Circular economy in Serbia: process started

Circular economy in Serbia: The Process Started

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Author: 
A. Mihajlov, A. Mladenović, F. Jovanović
Publication Date: 
11/2019
Country: 
Other (Serbia)

Language for original content:

Scope:

This publication sets out the state of play of the circular economy concept in Serbia and identifies the main obstacles that may hamper the shift to the circular economy paradigm. It also includes circular economy initiatives in Serbia and an analysis of linkages between the circular economy concept and the Sustainable Development Goals.

Addressing the circular economy only through waste management shows that the circular economy concept is still in its infancy in Serbia. According to the conclusions, the circular economy goes beyond

  • waste management
  • SDG12 and
  • the environmental sector.
     

The Role of Materials in the Post COVID society

A4M + EUMAT logos

Type:

Author: 
Dr. Amaya Igartua, Co-Secretary EUMAT, A4M, Dr. Winfried Keiper, Co-Secretary EUMAT, A4M, Dr. Marco Falzetti, President EUMAT, A4M, Nieves Gonzalez, SUSCHEM, Rodrigo Martins, EASM, Eric Le Bourhis, FEMS
Publication Date: 
10/2020
Country: 
Spain

Language for original content:

This reflection paper explains how materials will enable solutions for a healthy, safe, resilient society and stronger economy to answer citizen demands. It includes strategic research agendas (SRAs), proposals, solutions, and recommendations of Alliance for Materials A4M community towards Horizon Europe in the post-COVID scenario. COVID-19 has affected the development of current strategies to face societal challenges and led to a reflection on a new global economic model where circular economy will play a prominent role.

The paper puts forward proposals for strategic research and innovation activities to the European Commission, Member States, and the European Parliament, taking into account the objectives of the Green Deal Priorities and Recovery Plan.

Circular Cities Week Report 2020: No city left behind the circular economy revolution

Circular Economy Club

The Circular Cities Week report presents the outcomes of the global event Circular Cities Week including circular challenges and opportunities for cities. It represents a crowdsourced tool for cities worldwide to implement the circular model.

The report explores the association between municipalities pursuing circular economy policy and investments in circular business that create jobs. It also takes a closer look at how businesses perceive this municipal support for circular economy.

The report summarises the findings of a study by the Circular Economy Club (CEC) and the CEC local chapters. The key learnings are as follows:

  1. Role of new technologies
  2. Creating new markets
  3. Need for clear incentives
  4. Policies can promote circulation
  5. Role of reverse logistics.

Wskaźniki monitorowaniagospodarki o obiegu zamkniętymgospodarki o obiegu zamkniętymgospodarki o obiegu zamkniętym

Indicators for monitoring circular economy in Poland

Author: 
Joanna Kulczycka (editor)
Publication Date: 
10/2020
Country: 
Poland

Language for original content:

Scope:

Contact: 
Mineral and Energy Economy Research Institute of the Polish Academy of Sciences

This is the second book published by the Mineral and Energy Economy Research Institute of the Polish Academy of Sciences.

It is a collection of contributions by different authors focusing on a proposal for indicators to monitor circular economy in Poland. A large part of the work consists in explaining that circular economy is more than just waste management.

The publication is in Polish, but abstracts of the different contributions are available in English at the end of the book (from page 203 onwards).

 

Resource efficiency and the circular economy in Europe 2019 – even more from less

Resource efficiency and the circular economy in Europe 2019 – even more from less

Type:

Author: 
Paweł Kaźmierczyk (EEA) and Theo Geerken (ETC/WMGE).
Publication Date: 
04/2020
Country: 
EU

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Scope:

This European Environmental Agency Report presents an analysis of approaches and identifies trends, similarities and new directions taken by countries in resource efficiency and circular economy (CE). It is based exclusively on data provided by 32 Eionet members.

Its main objective is to stimulate exchange of information and good practice between countries and to support capacity building within Eionet.

Another objective is to contribute to various policy processes, including work carried out by European Commission, European Parliament and International Resource Panel.

The report addresses 6 elements:

  • material resource efficiency and CE in the EU
  • policy framework
  • monitoring and targets
  • examples of innovative approaches and good practice
  • other resources
  • way forward.

From Linear to Circular in the Textile and Apparel Industries

From Linear to Circular in the Textile and Apparel Industries

Brochure From Linear to Circular in the Textile and Apparel Industries

Type:

Author: 
Mieke Evers, Netherlands Enterprise Agency, Freek Van Eijk, Holland Circular Hotspot
Publication Date: 
09/2020
Country: 
Netherlands

Language for original content:

Key Area:

The brochure "From Linear to Circular in the Textile and Apparel Industries - Let’s make the circular shift together" aims to give a push towards a circular textile industry. Circular economy strategies and business models have the potential to offer solutions for the textile industry:

  • use renewable sources
  • phase out dangerous substances
  • increase utilisation and
  • radically improve reuse and recycling.

The brochure highlights Dutch circular frontrunners that make a change - just a fraction of the initiatives, organisations and technologies available. Only the most inspiring examples have been selected, with a potential to be upscaled and implemented in other parts of the world, hoping that they will also inspire and encourage others to collaborate and make a change.

Bio-waste in Europe - from challenges to opportunities

Bio-waste in Europe - turning challenges into opportunities

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Author: 
Ann van der Linden (VITO, ETC/WMGE), Almut Reichel (EEA)
Publication Date: 
06/2020
Country: 
EU

Language for original content:

Scope:

Bio-waste – mainly food and garden waste – is a key waste stream with a high potential for contributing to a more circular economy.

This European Environmental Agency Report provides an overview of bio-waste generation, prevention, collection, and treatment in Europe.

Bio-waste accounts for more than 34 % of the municipal solid waste. Many countries in Europe are far from capturing bio-waste's full potential. Food waste accounts for nearly 60 % of all bio-waste from households and similar sources. Preventing it is felt as an ethical responsibility for society.

Composting (with oxygen) and anaerobic digestion (without) are currently the two most widely applied treatment techniques. The latter generates biogas - renewable energy - and tends to deliver higher environmental benefits.

Financing the Circular Economy – Capturing the opportunity

Financing the circular economy – Capturing the opportunity

Type:

Author: 
Ellen MacArthur Foundation
Publication Date: 
09/2020
Country: 
United Kingdom

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The Ellen MacArthur Foundation's new report highlights rapid growth in circular economy financing and investment, and describes how investors and the banking and insurance industry are capitalising on the resulting opportunities.

Circular Europe - How to successfully manage the transition from a linear to a circular world

Circular Europe - How to successfully manage the transition from a linear to a circular world

Type:

Author: 
The European House - Ambrosetti, ENEL
Publication Date: 
09/2020
Country: 
Italy, Romania, Spain

Language for original content:

Many European countries still lack a national strategic roadmap for transposing the European directives at national level.

Some outstanding issues include the need to have clearer operational guidelines for the adoption of circular models and metrics for monitoring the transition towards circular models.

This study has been prepared in collaboration with Enel and with the scientific contribution of Enel Foundation. It unfolds in three main parts:

  • State-of-the-art of Circular Economy  in the European Union
  • An innovative assessment model for socio-economic and environmental benefits of Circular Economy in the EU, with a focus on Italy, Romania, and Spain
  • Policy proposals for successfully managing the transition from a linear to a circular world

Make circular economy simpler, more efficient and more competitive

Interreg MED
Author: 
Interreg Med Green Growth Community
Publication Date: 
09/2020
Country: 
EU, Spain

Language for original content:

Contact: 
Patricia Carbonell

This document is the result of the active involvement of the Interreg MED Green Growth community, together with its projects.

To make circular economy (CE) simpler, more efficient and more competitive, it is suggested to take a holistic, integrated and cooperative approach, by considering all phases in which CE is structured, all levels (from local to European) and all stakeholders involved in the implementation of CE models.

The policy recommendations proposed in the document are structured into six main areas:

  1. Investments and access to finance
  2. Technological infrastructure
  3. Labour market and employment
  4. Awareness and knowledge
  5. Cooperation among stakeholders and technology transfer
  6. Cross-cutting issues.

Report from the Circular Economy Advisory Board to the Danish government

Circular Opportunities in the Danish Waste System

Waste Analysis | Capital Region of Denmark

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Author: 
Thomas Thorin
Publication Date: 
02/2020
Country: 
Netherlands

Language for original content:

Contact: 
Kate Black

The Capital Region of Denmark is committed to becoming a fossil-free and circular region by 2050. Inter alia, this entails achieving an 80% recycling rate for the region’s waste by 2035, and growing green business activities by 8% by 2025. New forms of cooperation and dialogues between stakeholders are necessary to reach these goals.

Through a three-year public-private partnership, the Region and its partners aim to pave the way for greater collaboration between the waste sector and the business community. Metabolic collaborated with the Region to undertake a material flow analysis and an environmental assessment of the Region’s waste system, and to identify impact hotspots and circular opportunities.

Read the executive summary of the waste analysis, or the full Danish report.

The Circularity Gap Report, Norway

The Circularity Gap Report, Norway

Cover of the Circularity Gap Report, Norway

The Circularity Gap Report Norway is an in-depth analysis of how Norway consumes raw materials to fuel its societal needs. Currently, 97.6% of materials consumed each year never make it back into the economy.

Norway also has one of the highest per capita consumption rates in the world (44.3 tonnes per person). At 2.4%, its circularity rate is below the global average (8.6%). Each year Norway consumes 235 million tonnes of materials - metals, fossil fuels, biomass and minerals - to meet its internal needs.

However, the report reveals how Norway could see a 20-fold increase in its circularity by restructuring its businesses and industry through 6 key actions in the following fields:

  • construction
  • food
  • energy
  • repair, reuse and recycle
  • transport
  • forestry and wood products.

Incremental Circular Economy as a Serious Sustainability Problem

Business model innovation and the circular economy; what relationship?

© Naturvårdsverket 2019 - Cover photos: Dennis Pamlin

Type:

Author: 
DENNIS PAMLIN , MADELEINE ENARSSON
Publication Date: 
12/2019
Country: 
Sweden

Language for original content:

The relationship between innovating business model and the circular economy is complex and rapidly evolving. So, how can we turn the focus on the circular economy into a driver for global sustainability?

The report titled "Incremental Circular Economy as a Serious Sustainability Problem" aims to understand the relationship between business model innovation and the circular economy.

It also seeks to guide companies, intrapreneurs in companies, and organisations working towards a circular economy. And, finally, it aims to provide a structure to understand very different approaches and their outcomes.

European Investment Bank and national promotional banks launch the Joint Initiative on Circular Economy

© European Investment Bank

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Author: 
European Investment Bank
Publication Date: 
10/2019
Country: 
EU

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Key Area:

Scope:

On average, a European citizen produces half a ton of waste a year. This amounts to 2.5 billion tons yearly for the entire European Union.

The Joint Initiative on Circular Economy (JICE) is a partnership between the EU’s largest national promotional banks and institutions and the European Investment Bank to invest at least €10 billion in the circular economy by 2023.

It provides loans, equity investment, guarantees, innovative financing structures and technical assistance.

The initiative will support projects that prevent and eliminate waste, increase resource efficiency and promote circular business models. Eligible projects can be submitted to the respective JICE partners.

La ambición empresarial para avanzar hacia la nueva economía de plásticos

The Business Ambition for Moving Towards a New Plastic Economy

Forética

Type:

Author: 
Elena Ruiz, Tania Fernández and Raquel Canales
Publication Date: 
07/2020
Country: 
Spain

Language for original content:

Scope:

Contact: 
Elena Ruiz

This report analyses the scope of the plastic industry for the economy, the planet and society, as well as the policies at European and Spanish context to move towards a new plastic economy. Besides, the trade offs for companies are identified as key challenges.

Finally, the report shows the best practices of eleven companies from different sectors.

Mapping the circular maker movement: from a literature review to a circular maker passport

Pop Machina Research Project - Mapping the maker community ecosystem and the urban metabolism processes

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Author: 
Julie Metta, Kris Bachus
Publication Date: 
07/2020
Country: 
Belgium

Language for original content:

Key Area:

Contact: 
Julie Metta

The Pop-Machina project is an EU-funded research project exploring the maker movement contributions to cities’ transition to the circular economy.

This 2nd deliverable 'Mapping the maker community ecosystem and the urban metabolism processes' draws a collection of definitions to characterise the circular maker movement. A set of original tools, including a decision tree, a taxonomy, indicators and maps of the circular maker movement are developed to delineate the circular maker movement, with a focus on the Pop-Machina seven pilot cities.

Eventually, pilot story-boards present the current status of the circular maker movement in the city, with the disclosure of the circular maker passports, characterising the movement in each pilot.

Recommendations to national policy-makers on circular public procurement

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Author: 
Circular Public Procurement
Publication Date: 
04/2020
Country: 
Denmark, Finland, Latvia, Netherlands, Poland, Sweden, Other (Russia)

Language for original content:

Contact: 
Birgitte Schleemann

According to the European Commission, circular procurement is "the purchase of works, goods or services that seek to contribute to the closed energy and material loops within supply chains, whilst minimising, and in the best case avoiding, negative environmental impacts and waste creation across the whole life cycle".

Circular Public Procurement (CircularPP) is a 3-year project (2017–2020) supported by the Interreg Baltic Sea Region programme. CircularPP has published Recommendations to national policy-makers on circular public procurement. For example, local pilots of procurement of circular products and solutions should be encouraged, as municipalities play an important role in implementing circular economy activities and can promote the use of circular criteria.

Measuring Scotland’s progress towards a circular economy to help combat the climate emergency

Measuring Scotland's progress towards a circular economy

zerowastescotland

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Author: 
Zero Waste Scotland
Publication Date: 
06/2020
Country: 
United Kingdom

Language for original content:

Scope:

Contact: 
Jack Barrie

Zero Waste Scotland has commissioned a study on Measuring Scotland's progress towards a circular economy, in order to assess the value of existing metrics and identify the most effective ways to drive and track progress on reducing our carbon emissions.

The study has concluded that no single metric could be used to monitor Scotland’s progress on adopting a circular economy. However, a range of metrics could be developed and used collectively.

Two datasets in particular (a Scottish material flows accounts and Scotland’s carbon footprint) will be key to this as the country progresses towards a circular economy

Best practices on industrial symbiosis in Italy and the contribution of regional policies

Best practices on industrial symbiosis in Italy and the contribution of regional policies as a strategic lever

In 2016, the Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development (ENEA) set up a Symbiosis Users Network (SUN) to boost industrial symbiosis in Italy. The network promotes circular economy models through industrial symbiosis by focusing on operational issues.

SUN's 2019 conference was devoted to Good practices of industrial symbiosis in Italy and the contribution of regional policies as a strategic lever. The event, co-organised by SUN, Ecomondo and ENEA was held in Rimini (IT) on 7 November 2019 at Ecomondo - a leading event in Europe for new circular economy models.

Click on 2017 and 2019 to see the reports on SUN's two conferences.

Reports on ENEA-promoted conferences on industrial symbiosis are available here.

Plan d'action Economie circulaire européen - Analyse et recommandations

INEC's analysis of the new European Circular Economy Action Plan

In March 2020, the European Commission published the new Circular Economy Action Plan (CEAP). Following of this publication, the French Institut National de l'Economie Circulaire (INEC) has published an analysis of the new action plan, followed by some recommendations:

  1. promote the inter-sectoral dimension of circular economy (CE);
  2. speed up the integration of the CE dimension into public procurement;
  3. introduce a coherent circular-oriented tax system;
  4. transition towards a non-financial accounting system;
  5. teach people to be circular;
  6. start a discussion on "equitable" needs;
  7. blockchain, territories and behavioural change.

To read the full report (in FR) click here.

 

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