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Report

Make circular economy simpler, more efficient and more competitive

Interreg MED
Author: 
Interreg Med Green Growth Community
Publication Date: 
09/2020
Country: 
EU, Spain

Language for original content:

Contact: 
Patricia Carbonell

This document is the result of the active involvement of the Interreg MED Green Growth community, together with its projects.

To make circular economy (CE) simpler, more efficient and more competitive, it is suggested to take a holistic, integrated and cooperative approach, by considering all phases in which CE is structured, all levels (from local to European) and all stakeholders involved in the implementation of CE models.

The policy recommendations proposed in the document are structured into six main areas:

  1. Investments and access to finance
  2. Technological infrastructure
  3. Labour market and employment
  4. Awareness and knowledge
  5. Cooperation among stakeholders and technology transfer
  6. Cross-cutting issues.

Report from the Circular Economy Advisory Board to the Danish government

Circular Opportunities in the Danish Waste System

Waste Analysis | Capital Region of Denmark

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Author: 
Thomas Thorin
Publication Date: 
02/2020
Country: 
Netherlands

Language for original content:

Contact: 
Kate Black

The Capital Region of Denmark is committed to becoming a fossil-free and circular region by 2050. Inter alia, this entails achieving an 80% recycling rate for the region’s waste by 2035, and growing green business activities by 8% by 2025. New forms of cooperation and dialogues between stakeholders are necessary to reach these goals.

Through a three-year public-private partnership, the Region and its partners aim to pave the way for greater collaboration between the waste sector and the business community. Metabolic collaborated with the Region to undertake a material flow analysis and an environmental assessment of the Region’s waste system, and to identify impact hotspots and circular opportunities.

Read the executive summary of the waste analysis, or the full Danish report.

The Circularity Gap Report, Norway

The Circularity Gap Report, Norway

Cover of the Circularity Gap Report, Norway

The Circularity Gap Report Norway is an in-depth analysis of how Norway consumes raw materials to fuel its societal needs. Currently, 97.6% of materials consumed each year never make it back into the economy.

Norway also has one of the highest per capita consumption rates in the world (44.3 tonnes per person). At 2.4%, its circularity rate is below the global average (8.6%). Each year Norway consumes 235 million tonnes of materials - metals, fossil fuels, biomass and minerals - to meet its internal needs.

However, the report reveals how Norway could see a 20-fold increase in its circularity by restructuring its businesses and industry through 6 key actions in the following fields:

  • construction
  • food
  • energy
  • repair, reuse and recycle
  • transport
  • forestry and wood products.

Incremental Circular Economy as a Serious Sustainability Problem

Business model innovation and the circular economy; what relationship?

© Naturvårdsverket 2019 - Cover photos: Dennis Pamlin

Type:

Author: 
DENNIS PAMLIN , MADELEINE ENARSSON
Publication Date: 
12/2019
Country: 
Sweden

Language for original content:

The relationship between innovating business model and the circular economy is complex and rapidly evolving. So, how can we turn the focus on the circular economy into a driver for global sustainability?

The report titled "Incremental Circular Economy as a Serious Sustainability Problem" aims to understand the relationship between business model innovation and the circular economy.

It also seeks to guide companies, intrapreneurs in companies, and organisations working towards a circular economy. And, finally, it aims to provide a structure to understand very different approaches and their outcomes.

European Investment Bank and national promotional banks launch the Joint Initiative on Circular Economy

© European Investment Bank

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Author: 
European Investment Bank
Publication Date: 
10/2019
Country: 
EU

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Key Area:

Sector:

On average, a European citizen produces half a ton of waste a year. This amounts to 2.5 billion tons yearly for the entire European Union.

The Joint Initiative on Circular Economy (JICE) is a partnership between the EU’s largest national promotional banks and institutions and the European Investment Bank to invest at least €10 billion in the circular economy by 2023.

It provides loans, equity investment, guarantees, innovative financing structures and technical assistance.

The initiative will support projects that prevent and eliminate waste, increase resource efficiency and promote circular business models. Eligible projects can be submitted to the respective JICE partners.

La ambición empresarial para avanzar hacia la nueva economía de plásticos

The Business Ambition for Moving Towards a New Plastic Economy

Forética

Type:

Author: 
Elena Ruiz, Tania Fernández and Raquel Canales
Publication Date: 
07/2020
Country: 
Spain

Language for original content:

Scope:

Contact: 
Elena Ruiz

This report analyses the scope of the plastic industry for the economy, the planet and society, as well as the policies at European and Spanish context to move towards a new plastic economy. Besides, the trade offs for companies are identified as key challenges.

Finally, the report shows the best practices of eleven companies from different sectors.

Mapping the circular maker movement: from a literature review to a circular maker passport

Pop Machina Research Project - Mapping the maker community ecosystem and the urban metabolism processes

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Author: 
Julie Metta, Kris Bachus
Publication Date: 
07/2020
Country: 
Belgium

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Key Area:

Contact: 
Julie Metta

The Pop-Machina project is an EU-funded research project exploring the maker movement contributions to cities’ transition to the circular economy.

This 2nd deliverable 'Mapping the maker community ecosystem and the urban metabolism processes' draws a collection of definitions to characterise the circular maker movement. A set of original tools, including a decision tree, a taxonomy, indicators and maps of the circular maker movement are developed to delineate the circular maker movement, with a focus on the Pop-Machina seven pilot cities.

Eventually, pilot story-boards present the current status of the circular maker movement in the city, with the disclosure of the circular maker passports, characterising the movement in each pilot.

Recommendations to national policy-makers on circular public procurement

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Author: 
Circular Public Procurement
Publication Date: 
04/2020
Country: 
Denmark, Finland, Latvia, Netherlands, Poland, Sweden, Other (Russia)

Language for original content:

Contact: 
Birgitte Schleemann

According to the European Commission, circular procurement is "the purchase of works, goods or services that seek to contribute to the closed energy and material loops within supply chains, whilst minimising, and in the best case avoiding, negative environmental impacts and waste creation across the whole life cycle".

Circular Public Procurement (CircularPP) is a 3-year project (2017–2020) supported by the Interreg Baltic Sea Region programme. CircularPP has published Recommendations to national policy-makers on circular public procurement. For example, local pilots of procurement of circular products and solutions should be encouraged, as municipalities play an important role in implementing circular economy activities and can promote the use of circular criteria.

Measuring Scotland’s progress towards a circular economy to help combat the climate emergency

Measuring Scotland's progress towards a circular economy

zerowastescotland

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Author: 
Zero Waste Scotland
Publication Date: 
06/2020
Country: 
United Kingdom

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Scope:

Contact: 
Jack Barrie

Zero Waste Scotland has commissioned a study on Measuring Scotland's progress towards a circular economy, in order to assess the value of existing metrics and identify the most effective ways to drive and track progress on reducing our carbon emissions.

The study has concluded that no single metric could be used to monitor Scotland’s progress on adopting a circular economy. However, a range of metrics could be developed and used collectively.

Two datasets in particular (a Scottish material flows accounts and Scotland’s carbon footprint) will be key to this as the country progresses towards a circular economy

Best practices on industrial symbiosis in Italy and the contribution of regional policies

Best practices on industrial symbiosis in Italy and the contribution of regional policies as a strategic lever

In 2016, the Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development (ENEA) set up a Symbiosis Users Network (SUN) to boost industrial symbiosis in Italy. The network promotes circular economy models through industrial symbiosis by focusing on operational issues.

SUN's 2019 conference was devoted to Good practices of industrial symbiosis in Italy and the contribution of regional policies as a strategic lever. The event, co-organised by SUN, Ecomondo and ENEA was held in Rimini (IT) on 7 November 2019 at Ecomondo - a leading event in Europe for new circular economy models.

Click on 2017 and 2019 to see the reports on SUN's two conferences.

Reports on ENEA-promoted conferences on industrial symbiosis are available here.

Plan d'action Economie circulaire européen - Analyse et recommandations

INEC's analysis of the new European Circular Economy Action Plan

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Author: 
INEC
Publication Date: 
04/2020
Country: 
France

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In March 2020, the European Commission published the new Circular Economy Action Plan (CEAP). Following of this publication, the French Institut National de l'Economie Circulaire (INEC) has published an analysis of the new action plan, followed by some recommendations:

  1. promote the inter-sectoral dimension of circular economy (CE);
  2. speed up the integration of the CE dimension into public procurement;
  3. introduce a coherent circular-oriented tax system;
  4. transition towards a non-financial accounting system;
  5. teach people to be circular;
  6. start a discussion on "equitable" needs;
  7. blockchain, territories and behavioural change.

To read the full report (in FR) click here.

 

Impacts and Insights: Circular IT Management in Practice

Impacts and Insights: Circular IT Management in Practice

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Author: 
TCO Development
Publication Date: 
06/2020
Country: 
Sweden

Language for original content:

Scope:

Contact: 
Cassandra Julin

The report from TCO Development, the organization behind the global sustainability certification for IT products TCO Certified, explains how everyone who buys/uses IT products can implement circular practices. It sets out how circular economy (CE) helps solve many pressing sustainability challenges linked to IT products and contains 33 expert tips on circular IT management.

Key findings:

  1. Use IT products longer.
  2. Circularity helps maximize the value of IT investment.
  3. Market demand is key to accelerating the pace of change. 
  4. Circularity includes IT management throughout the life cycle. 
  5. Improved supply chain responsibility can speed up transition to CE. 
  6. Circularity is a team effort.
  7. Many circular solutions are already in place - just use them.

The reality of plastics: myths and truths

Type:

Author: 
Elena Ruiz, Tania Fernández and Raquel Canales
Publication Date: 
06/2020
Country: 
Spain

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Key Area:

Contact: 
Elena Ruiz
Germán Granda

The Circular Economy Action Group, the business initiative promoted by Forética in Spain to lead the transition of companies towards a circular economy model, has produced a report entitled "The reality of plastics: myths and truths" [La realidad de los plásticos: Mitos y verdades].

The aim of the report is to ensure a better understanding of plastic waste pollution, thus promoting the foundations of the new plastics economy. It also outlines the actions to be taken in order to improve plastic circularity.

Forética's mission is to promote the integration of social, environmental and good governance aspects in the strategy and management of companies and organisations with one objective: to achieve a sustainable future.

Resource Effectiveness and the Circular Economy: how to strengthen Sweden's competitiveness in a future with finite resources

Resource Effectiveness and Circular Economy project logotype

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Author: 
Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences
Publication Date: 
04/2020
Country: 
Sweden

Language for original content:

Contact: 
Caroline Ankarcrona

The Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences (IVA) has always been a meeting place for Sweden’s future. It builds bridges between the business community, the public sector, academia and the political sphere.

Its two-year project "Resource Effectiveness and the Circular Economy" was aimed at making Sweden more competitive in a future with finite resources, in line with the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals, by economising on resources and developing new technologies, services and business models in five areas:

Read the synthesis report, marking the completion of the project, which presents the most important conclusions, recommendations and action plans from the five subprojects.

 

 

Circularity Gap Report - The Netherlands

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Author: 
Circle Economy
Publication Date: 
06/2020
Country: 
Netherlands

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Sector:

Scope:

Contact: 
Hatty Cooper

The Dutch economy is 24.5% circular. Measures in four key sectors can triple the national circularity rate and help the government achieve its ambitions for a fully circular economy by 2050.

On 3 June, Circle Economy launched the Circularity Gap Report for the Netherlands. The report shows that the Netherlands is a circular frontrunner: the country's circularity rate is three times higher than the global rate of 8.6%. Consuming 221 million tonnes of materials each year, the Netherlands retrieves one quarter from non-virgin, secondary sources. However, if the government is to achieve its ambitions of full circularity by 2050, a major overhaul of the national economy, including jobs, will still be necessary.

How circular economy practices help to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals

How circular economy practices help to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals

SDGs and Circular Economy

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Author: 
Suzan van Kruchten , Freek van Eijk
Publication Date: 
05/2020
Country: 
Netherlands

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Sector:

Contact: 
Holland Circular Hotspot

 

Holland Circular Hotspot is a private-public platform in which companies, knowledge institutes and local authorities collaborate to promote and support international collaboration and knowledge exchange on Dutch circular economy, and the Netherlands Enterprise Agency, a government agency for sustainable, agricultural, innovative and international business development and growth, have come together to share insights, networks and resources to help kickstart circular developments that will boost the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

Circular examples from various market segments closely linked to SDGs such as agri-food, manufacturing and the built environment are included in the brochure next to cross-sectoral topics such as consumer goods or plastics.

Scaler Quick Guides – Helping industries increase efficiency through resource sharing

SCALER
Author: 
Scaler
Publication Date: 
05/2020
Country: 
Other (EU)

Language for original content:

Contact: 
SCALER

SCALER provides mechanisms to accelerate the journey towards efficient and quick implementation of industrial symbiosis in the European process industry. They do this by developing action plans and adapted solutions to industrial stakeholders and communities.

SCALER works closely with a wide range of stakeholders including industrial networks, consultancies, researchers and policy makers at various geographic and politic levels, to deliver practical tools and guidelines for industry actors engaging in resource efficiency, reuse and sharing.

To achieve this goal, SCALER is developing a set of reports and guides. They offer insights into how businesses can start industrial resource synergies with other companies to minimise their waste and create more value from their production.

Situational Analysis Report of Circular Economy in the Data Centre Industry

Situational Analysis of the Circular Economy in the Data Centre Industry

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Author: 
WeLOOP, TND, LSBU, GreenIT Amsterdam, Wuppertal Institution, Team2, Operational Intelligence, Dialasheep, SIMS Recycling Solutions, Aliter Network
Publication Date: 
04/2020
Country: 
France, Germany, Netherlands, United Kingdom

Language for original content:

Contact: 
Naeem Adibi
Carolina Szablewski
Nil Atmaca

The Data Centre Industry (DCI) is one of the most important pillars of current technological and economic developments.

In DCIs, more than fifty different materials can be found per product, including ferrous, non-ferrous metals, precious metals (PM), platinum group metals (PGM), rare earth elements (REE), plastics and/or ceramics, some being considered as Critical Raw Materials (CRMs).

This assessment aims to study DCI design and material composition (specifically servers and switches), as well as to analyse their performance in a circular  economy and  provide recommendations  for ecodesign guidelines.

The circular economy: Going digital

Going digital

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Author: 
Annika Hedberg, Stefan Šipka
Publication Date: 
03/2020
Country: 
EU

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Scope:

Contact: 
European Policy Centre
Rebecca Castermans

The EU is currently engaged in two transformations that could change our economy and society for the better; circular economy and digital transformation. If managed well, and in unison, they could help the EU address one of its greatest challenge: to build a sustainable, green economy that is competitive on the global stage.

The publication by the European Policy Centre (EPC) builds on the EPC Task Force on the Digital Roadmap for Circular Economy findings to make recommendations for the EU institutions for the next five years.

The TF explored the linkages between digitalisation and the circular economy, the opportunities created by data and digitally-enabled solutions, and the challenges associated with harnessing their full potential for the transition to a circular economy.

EASAC Report - Packaging plastics in the circular economy

Packaging plastics

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Author: 
Deutsche Akademie der Naturforscher Leopoldina
Publication Date: 
03/2020
Country: 
EU

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Sector:

Contact: 
EASAC

Packaging plastics can offer an almost infinite range of options for manufacturers, both in terms of function and design. Their durability and resistance to degradation means that if they ‘leak’ into the environment, they stay there. Leakage has been increasing rapidly and its detrimental impact, especially on the marine environment, has attracted wide public and political concern.

EASAC established in 2018 an Expert Group to look at scientific aspects of plastics packaging and the circular economy. This report is the result of an 18-month investigation and reviews the negative consequences of the current linear economy for plastic packaging, the scope for improvement towards a more circular pattern and options for increasing recycling rates and reducing leakage into the environment.

2020 Report on the circular economy in Italy, with a focus on the bioeconomy

Author: 
Circular Economy Network (CEN) in collaboration with ENEA and Fondazione Sviluppo Sostenibile
Publication Date: 
03/2020
Country: 
Italy

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Scope:

Contact: 
Laura Cutaia
Camille Aneris

The 2020 Report on the Circular Economy in Italy, developed by CEN (Circular Economy Network) in collaboration with ENEA (Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development) and Fondazione Sviluppo Sostenibile, analyses the state of play of the circular economy in Italy with, this year, a particular focus on the bioeconomy.

The report was presented during the 2nd National Conference on the Circular Economy livestreamed on 19 Marchfrom Rome. It was introduced by Edo Ronchi, President of CEN, and Roberto Morabito, Director of the Department for Sustainability, ENEA, and President of the Italian Circular Economy Stakeholder Platform (ICESP).

For a slide presentation of the report, click on the speakers Ronchi and Morabito.

Categorisation system for the circular economy - a contribution to the future EU Taxonomy

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Author: 
Schempp, Christian, Hirsch, Peter
Publication Date: 
03/2020
Country: 
Belgium

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Scope:

Contact: 
Janneke van Veen

The lack of a commonly accepted and inclusive definition and circularity measurement methodology hampers the transition to a more circular economy. It obstructs the development and access to finance, credit risk assessment, and transferability and replicability of projects and investments across regions and jurisdictions.

The Expert Group of Support to Circular Economy Financing proposes a sector-agnostic circular economy categorisation system that defines categories of activities substantially contributing to a circular economy. This categorisation system is intended as a contribution to the future work of the Sustainable Finance Platform on the EU taxonomy of activities contributing to the circular economy objective.

Recycled post-consumer textiles - an industry perspective

Recycled post-consumer textiles - an industry perspective

Recycled post-consumer textiles

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Author: 
Circle Economy
Publication Date: 
02/2020
Country: 
EU

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Scope:

Contact: 
Hilde van Duijn

Europe is facing a growing mountain of used textiles. In North-West Europe 4700 kilotonnes of post-consumer textile waste are generated annually. Still, less than 1% of textiles produced are currently recycled into new ones, and around 50% are downcycled, incinerated or landfilled.

Automated sorting technologies could enable the industry to turn non-rewearable textiles into valuable feedstock for high-value recycling. Fibersort, a Near Infrared based technology, is able to categorise textiles according to their fibre composition, structure and colour.

At the end of each chapter of the report, recommendations are formulated for recyclers, manufacturers and brands to address the socio-cultural, physical and economic barriers for uptake of sorted textiles.

Sustainable construction guidelines for public authorities – A circular economy perspective

ACR+ report - Sustainable construction guidelines for public authorities – A circular economy perspective

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Author: 
ACR+ Association of Cities and Regions for sustainable Resource management
Publication Date: 
12/2019
Country: 
EU

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Contact: 
Paolo Marengo
Philippe Micheaux Naudet

Sustainable construction guidelines for public authorities – A circular economy perspective aims to help public authorities navigate through the topic of sustainable construction, understand what it means and determine how to encourage it.

The guidelines are especially targeted at local and regional authorities, as they play a crucial role in the whole construction life cycle not only by stimulating innovation and cooperation between all actors but also because they work at a level close to citizens.

Unlike most of the literature on the topic, these guidelines focus on circularity and material resource efficiency, rather than covering only energy efficiency extensively. Moreover, the report goes beyond waste to integrate the whole value chain of the construction sector.

Report by ACR+: Analysis of 135 paper and packaging waste collection systems

ACR+ report - Analysis of 135 paper and packaging waste collection systems

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Author: 
ACR+ Association of Cities and Regions for sustainable Resource management
Publication Date: 
10/2019
Country: 
EU

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Sector:

Contact: 
Jean-Benoit Bel
Philippe Micheaux Naudet

The report provides an overview of different organisations and an analysis of the local performances of 135 waste collection systems across Europe. It highlights the diversity of collection systems, with many different sorting systems and combination of collection modes (door-to-door, bring bank, combined, etc.).

This report is a publication of the ACR+ Waste Observatory whose objective is to allow consistent comparisons among local and regional authorities, in order to provide benchmarks on municipal waste management and identify effective waste strategies for quality recycling. The analysed data has been collected in the framework of the H2020 COLLECTORS project, aimed at identifying good practices to improve the quantity of sorted municipal waste leading to high quality recycling.

Chambers for a Circular Economy - Actions to Support SMEs' Transition to a Circular Economy

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Author: 
Valerio Burlizzi, Clemens Rosenmayr
Publication Date: 
02/2020
Country: 
Belgium

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Sector:

Contact: 
Valerio Burlizzi
Clemens Rosenmayr

"Chambers for a Circular Economy - Actions to Support SMEs' Transition to a Circular Economy" aims to offer a clear overview of the wide range of initiatives led or co-managed by Chambers in the field of the Circular Economy, with the intention not only to inform and share innovative actions, but also to spur and motivate synergies, triggering collaborations and the creation of new business models. The aim of each and every of these projects is to enable businesses to evolve from a linear to a circular mode of production and consumption.

This publication presents a total of 32 projects initiated or co-led by Chambers in 13 countries, and categorized under 5 main topics:

  • certification,
  • circular skills,
  • cooperation,
  • reuse & recycle and
  • waste prevention.

Circular Procurement in 8 steps

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Author: 
Van Oppen, Bijl de Vroe, Croon
Publication Date: 
01/2020
Country: 
Netherlands

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Scope:

Contact: 
Cécile van Oppen
Godard Croon

Increasingly, circular procurement is seen as one of the ways to promote a circular economy.

This book provides a practical 8-step approach to integrate circular economy principles into a procurement process. Starting with the 'why' of circularity, following steps include internal collaboration, procurement procedures, developing criteria and contract management.

The book is the English translation of the successful Dutch edition 'Circulair inkopen in 8 stappen'.

Circular Revenue Models: Required Policy Changes for the Transition to a Circular Economy

Circular Revenue Models: required policy changes for the transition to a circular economy

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Author: 
Copper8, Kennedy van der Laan & KPMG
Publication Date: 
10/2019
Country: 
Netherlands

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Sector:

Contact: 
Cécile van Oppen
Marijn Polet
Jeroen van Muiswinkel

In the development of the circular economy, discussion around circular business models and circular revenue models is booming.

But what is a true circular business or circular revenue model? When can these models be applied, and what are the barriers that still exist?

For the past decade the authors of this paper have gathered practical experience with the implementation of circular revenue models such as lease, pay-per-use and take-back schemes. It is from this experience that they noticed that the current institutional economic framework hinders the transition to the circular economy.

The paper provides insight in four key barriers, providing a real-life business case as an example for each. It also includes a guideline for policy makers on how to address these barriers.

 

Aerospace Value Chain map in a Circular Economy Perspective

Aerospace Value Chain map in a Circular Economy Perspective

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Author: 
Aliona Lupu (Iniziativa Cubel)
Publication Date: 
02/2020
Country: 
Italy

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Scope:

Contact: 
Gennaro Russo
Julien Dubois
Aliona Lupu

This report assesses the Aviation sector value chain in the context of Circular Economy principles.

It offers an overview of the aircraft lifecycle, new supplier-consumer programmes already initiated by the industry and a proposal for the reconversion towards a more circular business model.

The assessment of the value chain was carried out according to the Circular Economy perspective (Redesign, Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle).

This report advises the companies involvled in the EACP-EUROSME project, as an instrument to start the implementation process towards a Circular Economy business and as research for further financial support for project funding.

Samenwerken een circulaire fietsinfrastructuur. Een integrale en systematische aanpak.

Building a circular bicycle infrastructure together: an integral and systematic approach by Circulair Bouwen

Frontpage Samenwerken een circulaire fietsinfrastructuur.
Author: 
Maarten Barckhof
Publication Date: 
01/2020
Country: 
Netherlands

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Scope:

Contact: 
Maarten Barckhof, chairman of Stichting Circulair Bouwen

Samen werken aan circulaire fietsinfrastructuur. Een integrale en systematische aanpak by Stichting Circulair Bouwen is a report on a 2-year programme carried out with EU funds on building a circular bicycle road infrastructure. Over this period of time, valuable information has been gathered on how to promote and organize circular building efficiently.

To follow up on the programme, a multi-year project will be carried out in cooperation with governments, companies, educational institutions and NGOs, under the lead of the Radboud University Nijmegen, which will include two important policy fields:

  • encouraging cycling (low carbon, public health, better access to congested cities, car traffic reduction) and
  • the circular construction of bicycle lanes.

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