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The Circular Economy's Closed Loop and Product Service Systems: A Review and Appraisal

The circular economy's closed loop and product service systems for sustainable development: A review and appraisal

Author: 
Mark Anthony Camilleri
Publication Date: 
10/2018
Country: 
Malta, United Kingdom

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Contact: 
Mark Anthony Camilleri

This review paper of Mark Anthony Camilleri examines relevant regulatory guidelines, policies, and recommendations on sustainable development, where it traces the origins of circular economy (CE). It goes on to shed light on key theoretical underpinnings of CE's closed loop and product service systems.

The findings suggest that the CE's regenerative systems minimise the environmental impact as practitioners reduce their externalities, including waste, emissions, and energy leakages through the use and reuse of resources. Therefore, this contribution offers a critique on CE's inherent limitations and discusses about the implications of having regulatory interventions that are intended to encourage responsible consumption and production behaviours.

Économie circulaire et événementiel : une mutation nécessaire pour le secteur

Économie circulaire et événementiel : une mutation nécessaire pour le secteur

Focus

Le secteur de l’événementiel est plus que jamais concerné par les enjeux de durabilité et de préservation des ressources. Conscients de la nécessité de concilier l’organisation d’événements et l’économie circulaire, les acteurs du secteur doivent se mobiliser davantage afin de mettre en œuvre les leviers d’action existants.

Dans le cadre de la nouvelle loi française, de nombreuses mesures sont pertinentes:

  • Des objectifs de réduction des emballages plastiques et la fin du plastique jetable en 2040
  • La lutte contre le gaspillage (alimentaire)
  • Les mesures favorisant le réemploi et la réutilisation
  • La gestion et la valorisation des déchets
  • Les dispositions relatives aux filières à responsabilité élargie des producteurs (REP) engageant une réflexion sur la filière événementielle

 

Promoting a Just Transition to an Inclusive Circular Economy

Chatham House report: Promoting a Just Transition to an Inclusive Circular Economy

Just Transition

Today, only 8.6% of the resources and materials in the global economy are reused or recycled.
A crucial transition to a circular economy is required to reach the environmental goals of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and to achieve countries’ climate targets as set out in the 2015 Paris Agreement.

In this context, it is essential to ensure that the transition to a resource-efficient and circular economic model also delivers on social objectives.

This paper introduces the relevance of the circular economy in the international development SDG context. It also explores how a just transition approach can be successfully applied in the circular economy context.

The circular economy: Going digital

Going digital

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Author: 
Annika Hedberg, Stefan Šipka
Publication Date: 
03/2020
Country: 
EU

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Scope:

Contact: 
European Policy Centre
Rebecca Castermans

The EU is currently engaged in two transformations that could change our economy and society for the better: circular economy and digital transformation. If managed well, and in unison, they could help the EU address one of its greatest challenges: to build a sustainable, green economy that is competitive on the global stage.

The publication by the European Policy Centre (EPC) builds on the EPC Task Force on the Digital Roadmap for Circular Economy findings to make recommendations for the EU institutions for the next five years.

The TF explored the linkages between digitalisation and the circular economy, the opportunities created by data and digitally-enabled solutions, and the challenges associated with harnessing their full potential for the transition to a circular economy.

Delivering a circular economy within the planet’s boundaries: An analysis of the new EU Circular Economy Action Plan

Delivering a circular economy within the planet’s boundaries: an analysis of the new EU Circular Economy Action Plan

Analysis of the new EU Circular Economy Action Plan 2020
Author: 
Mia Pantzar, Timothy Suljada
Publication Date: 
03/2020
Country: 
EU

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Key Area:

Scope:

Contact: 
Mia Pantzar

This analysis by IEEP and SEI assesses to what extent the actions included in the new Circular Economy Action Plan published by the European Commission on 11 March 2020 may contribute to a more circular European economy within the boundaries of the planet.

The authors conclude that the action plan is a promising continuation of existing efforts, but ask for more concrete measures to address unsustainable resource consumption.

The authors make five recommendations to EU policymakers in this regard and emphasise the importance of EU Member States and the private sector showing leadership and willingness to innovate.

Circular South, Antwerp: community-driven sustainable area, with the help of smart technologies

Type of organisation or company:

Country: 
Belgium

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In 2018, the City of Antwerp kick-started the Circular South project. The aim is to encourage more efficient use of energy, water, waste and materials by the citizens of the New South district of Antwerp through an innovative community-driven approach.

Report by ACR+: Analysis of 135 paper and packaging waste collection systems

ACR+ report - Analysis of 135 paper and packaging waste collection systems

Type:

Author: 
ACR+ Association of Cities and Regions for sustainable Resource management
Publication Date: 
10/2019
Country: 
EU

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Contact: 
Jean-Benoit Bel
Philippe Micheaux Naudet

The report provides an overview of different organisations and an analysis of the local performances of 135 waste collection systems across Europe. It highlights the diversity of collection systems, with many different sorting systems and combination of collection modes (door-to-door, bring bank, combined, etc.).

This report is a publication of the ACR+ Waste Observatory whose objective is to allow consistent comparisons among local and regional authorities, in order to provide benchmarks on municipal waste management and identify effective waste strategies for quality recycling. The analysed data has been collected in the framework of the H2020 COLLECTORS project, aimed at identifying good practices to improve the quantity of sorted municipal waste leading to high quality recycling.

A French act of law against waste and for a circular economy

Loi anti-gaspillage

This French act of law contains about 50 measures providing for:

  • new obligations with the creation of new producer responsibility sectors to include new product families in the circular economy (toys, sports and do-it-yourself equipment, building materials, cigarette butts, sanitary textiles);
  • new prohibitions on single-use plastics and to fight waste of food and non-food unsold products;
  • new tools to better control and sanction offences against the environment (greater power for mayors to combat littering and illegal dumping), to support companies in their eco-design initiatives (bonus/malus-type incentives) and to assist citizens in new consumption practices (repairability index, information on environment and health impacts of products, harmonisation of info on sorting, etc.).

Circular Revenue Models: Required Policy Changes for the Transition to a Circular Economy

Circular Revenue Models: required policy changes for the transition to a circular economy

Type:

Author: 
Copper8, Kennedy van der Laan & KPMG
Publication Date: 
10/2019
Country: 
Netherlands

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Contact: 
Cécile van Oppen
Marijn Polet
Jeroen van Muiswinkel

In the development of the circular economy, discussion around circular business models and circular revenue models is booming.

But what is a true circular business or circular revenue model? When can these models be applied, and what are the barriers that still exist?

For the past decade the authors of this paper have gathered practical experience with the implementation of circular revenue models such as lease, pay-per-use and take-back schemes. It is from this experience that they noticed that the current institutional economic framework hinders the transition to the circular economy.

The paper provides insight in four key barriers, providing a real-life business case as an example for each. It also includes a guideline for policy makers on how to address these barriers.

 

Circular Economy and Territorial Consequences

ESPON: CIRCTER - Circular Economy and Territorial Consequences

Circular Economy and Territorial Consequences

Type:

Author: 
Carlos Tapia, Marco Bianchi, Mirari Zaldua (Tecnalia Research and Innovation, Spain); Marion Courtois, Philippe Micheaux Naudet (ACR+, Belgium); Andrea Bassi, Georg Pallaske (KnowlEdge, Italy), Jan-Philipp Kramer, Bärbel Birnstengel, Mirjam Buck, Richard Simpson, Adriana Cruz (Prognos, Belgium); Ruslan Zhechkov, Asel Doranova, Nathan Kably (Technopolis, Belgium), Henning Wilts, Sören Steger, Meghan O’Brien, Carina Koop, Valerie Wischott (Wuppertal Institute, Germany)
Publication Date: 
05/2019
Country: 
EU

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Contact: 
Carlos Tapia Garcia (Tecnalia)
Marjan van Herwijnen (ESPON EGTC)

What does the circular economy (CE) mean from a territorial perspective?

This report by the ESPON CIRCTER project provides:

  1. a territorial definition of a CE based on resource consumption and waste generation intensities and trends across European NUTS2 regions
  2. a comparison with other socio-economic trends like employment dynamics and economic growth
  3. evaluation of the territorial factors most critical for CE transformations
  4. a description of the systemic mechanisms facilitating CE transitions at territorial levels
  5. an illustration of policy approaches and best practices supporting the transition towards a CE in various territorial contexts, and
  6. guidance supporting local and regional authorities in defining CE strategies.

Circular Governance in Maribor

Maribor, Slovenia

The WCYCLE Maribor project provides for an innovative urban circular economy system, offering a new business and economic model for the city in the field of efficient resource management.

Circular Governance in The Hague - Made in Moerwijk

Made in Moerwijk is a social circular initiative in The Hague that seeks to give new life to waste products.

Circular Governance Oslo - Action plan to reduce Plastic Pollution

Oslo

To prevent plastic from entering the environment and reaching the Oslo Fjord and to remove existing plastic pollution, an action plan with short-term and long-term measures was co-created by many stakeholders in Oslo.

Circular City Governance in Prato

Circular Prato

Thanks to its textile recycling techniques, Prato is considered one of the most advanced and innovative industrial cities in Italy.

Luxembourg launches “Circularity Dataset Initiative” supported by major international industry leaders

Publication Date: 
11/2019
Country: 
Luxembourg

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Contact: 
Jérôme Petry

The Circularity Dataset Initiative by the Ministry of the Economy of Luxembourg develops an industry standard providing a regulated framework for circular data on products throughout value chains, from raw materials to finished products, from the use phase to re-usage and recycling.

The project addresses the difficulty for stakeholders to access reliable data on the circular properties of a product. Trade secrets are hindering transparency and reporting standards are lacking, forcing manufacturers to send out different data sets in diverse formats to customers and product platforms.

The objective is to save costs, increase value and enable circularity by developing a process and an internationally accepted dataset template, and data is verified through an auditing process.

 

Kujala waste symbiosis in Smart and Clean Lahti

Kujala

The Finnish city of Lahti has been pioneering industrial symbiosis at the Kujala Waste Treatment Centre where all sorts of waste are reused. Several companies have established interconnected material flows, thus making one’s residues another one’s raw materials. 

Circular Economy Initiative Germany: A Circular Economy Roadmap for Germany

The Circular Economy Initiative Deutschland (CEID) was founded in 2019 on behalf of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research to promote Germany's transformation into a circular economy (CE) through a multi-stakeholder approach. It aims to develop a joint target vision+concrete plan on how to foster this transformation. CEID also stimulates practical implementation in the form of collaborative projects.

CEID is structured in 3 working groups (WG) and based on a life-cycle approach: the Circular Business Models WG and the Packaging and Traction Batteries WGs, whose insights will serve as a basis for recommendations for action (politics, business and science) to be summarised in the Circular Economy Roadmap for Germany by 2021.

 

 

Circular Fashion Advocacy - A Strategy towards a Circular Fashion Industry in Europe

Circular Economy Advocacy - A Strategy towards a Circular Fashion Industry in Europe

Circular Fashion Advocacy

Type:

Author: 
Arthur ten Wolde, Polina Korneeva
Publication Date: 
03/2019
Country: 
Belgium

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Contact: 
Arthur ten Wolde

Waste and pollution from the production of textiles and clothing have become critical global issues. This report launched by Ecopreneur.eu and the European Sustainable Business Federation calls for decisive policy measures based on 5 pillars:

  • Innovation policies: funding research programmes, investment tax deduction, support for technological development and SMEs.
  • Economic incentives: procurement, extended producer responsibility, VAT, tax shift.
  • Regulation: common regulatory framework for transparency and traceability, circular design, improved end-of-waste status.
  • Trade policies: facilitating export of reusable textile waste and avoiding negative social impacts in producing countries.
  • Voluntary actions: covenants, commitments and standards to engage stakeholders.

Super Circular Estate: joining material and social circularity to respond to citizens' new demographics and needs

Super Circular Estate project Municipality of Kerkrade Netherlands

Type of organisation or company:

Country: 
Netherlands

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The Super Circular Estate project addresses the challenge of changing housing needs. The Parkstad Limburg region’s population, is estimated to shrink by 27% in the next 30 years, calling for a radical reorientation in housing facilities. The project aims at demolishing vacant outdated high-rise apartment buildings, and reuse their components to establish new social housing units.

Saint Francis of Assisi: rendering a religious community sustainable and circular

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Country: 
Italy

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Fra’ Sole is a sustainability project involving the monumental complex of Saint Francis of Assisi and its nearby areas, which has resulted in the elimination of disposable products, infrastructure for rainwater reuse and a 20% reduction in waste overall.

Futur-E: 23 Italian thermoelectric power plants will get a new life, in consultation with local stakeholders and communities

Type of organisation or company:

Country: 
Italy

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Enel is a prominent energy actor in Italy. As a result of its investment in renewable energy, 23 obsolete thermoelectric power plants and one mining area are to be decommissioned.

The Futur-E project aims to reconvert these outdated plants into local facilities satisfying criteria of innovation, social, environmental and economic sustainability.

Luxembourg's Climate Pact now also mainstreams circular economy in local policy

The Climate Pact, which was set up by Luxembourg's Ministry of Sustainable Development and Infrastructure in order to enable municipalities wishing to actively tackle climate change to request State support by signing an engagement charter, now includes measures on circular economy.

UpCycle City contest - City of Almere

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Country: 
Netherlands

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The municipality of Almere aspires to become a waste-free and energy-neutral city by 2022. The administration wants to bring the business community and knowledge institutes’ innovative power together to enable co-creation in the field of waste management and upcycling in the urban context.

Do we have waste in 2030? - The role of municipalities in the transition to a circular economy

The purpose of the project has been to highlight the possibilities the municipalities and regions have to accommodate a more circular economy in the future.

Boosting the Circular Economy through public procurement

Circular concepts promoted by Catalan Public Procurement

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Country: 
Spain

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The Catalan Government considers that public procurement should be used as an instrument to support strategic policies in the transition towards CE. 

Innovative bonus-malus system for increased rates of recyclability in the packaging industry, France

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Country: 
France

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Eco-contribution is mandatory in France for the packaging industry, as an incentive for improving recyclability from the start. The Modulated Eco-Contribution Scale is an educational and financial incentive tool promoting the development of eco-design. In order to facilitate maximum recycling of paper fibres, manufacturers must adopt best practices and manage materials so as to preserve quality.

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