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Documentation et références

Dans cette section, vous trouverez les études et rapports liés à l’économie circulaire qui ont déjà été publiés.

Ces études, publications universitaires, rapports d’entreprises et autres sont transmis par les parties prenantes, les acteurs économiques ou les auteurs de ces documents. Pour proposer votre propre publication, veuillez compléter notre formulaire en ligne [EN]

11 - 20 sur 341 résultats

Avis sur le projet de Plan d'action fédéral pour une économie circulaire

Response to the Belgian Federal Action Plan on the Circular Economy

FRDO CFDD logo
Author: 
Federal Council for Sustainable Development (Belgium)
Publication Date: 
07/2021
Country: 
EU

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Sector:

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The Federal Council for Sustainable Development Belgium has issued a formal response to the Federal Belgian Action Plan on the Circular Economy. The council addressed issues regarding the substance and procedure of the action plan.

Procedural issues include the vagueness of the plan's exact intentions and deadlines as well as the lack of a better governance mechanism. Substantive issues include:

  • more focus needed on the social challenges associated with the introduction of a circular economy
  • more focus on the impact on the climate of increasing digitalisation
  • recycling of critical metals, and
  • importance of removing all known barriers (regulatory, fiscal, financial, etc.) to the circular transition.

Manufacturing: the future is circular

Manufacturing: the future is circular

Ethical smartphones, multifunctional strollers, remanufactured milking robots and bicycles-as-a-service: the Dutch manufacturing industry offers plenty of inspiring and groundbreaking innovations for a circular economy. International cooperation is nonetheless crucial to deliver and accelerate the circular transition as the value chains of the manufacturing industry cover the whole world.

With this publication on Manufacturing: the future is circular, Holland Circular Hotspot and the Dutch Circular Manufacturing Implementation Programme (UPCM) aim to bring insights and case studies from the Netherlands to an international level, in order to inspire everyone around the world to act and kickstart circular development.

Strengthening circularity in photovoltaics - Challenges and opportunities along the lifecycle

White paper: Strengthening circularity in photovoltaics

Deutsche Umwelthilfe

Every year, huge numbers of photovoltaic (PV) modules are being installed. This solar energy expansion greatly furthers the ecological transformation of the energy system. But to solve the climate crisis every aspect has to be taken into consideration. This is why this white paper wants to shine light on challenges currently occuring or to be expected in connection with used photovoltaic modules and their disposal in Germany.

To better implement the goals of a circular economy, this paper will retrace the steps in the lifecycle of a photovoltaic module and analyse problems and possible solutions along these stages. After a brief description of the occuring challenges, opportunities and solutions deemed to be effective and sensible in these matters are presented.

Impacts of COVID-19 on single-use plastic in Europe's environment

Impacts of COVID-19 on single-use plastic in Europe’s environment

Type:

Author: 
Schmutz, M., et al., 2020, Cotton and surgical masks - what ecological factors are relevant for their sustainability?, Tsukiji, M., et al., 2020, Waste management during the COVID-19 pandemic: From response to recovery, Institute for Global Environmental Strategies
Publication Date: 
06/2021
Country: 
EU

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The COVID-19 pandemic is having an immense impact on societies across the world. It has caused millions of deaths worldwide and challenged our health systems and economies. The pandemic - and responses to it, involving lockdowns, use of personal protection equipment and stay-at-home measures - has far-reaching health and economic consequences.

This briefing deals with the less visible effects on our environment and climate originating from changed use of single-use plastics due to the pandemic.

Emerging waste streams: Opportunities and challenges of the clean-energy transition from a circular economy perspective

Emerging waste streams: Opportunities and challenges of the clean energy transition from a circular economy perspective

EEA

Renewable energy technologies, such as wind turbines, solar photovoltaic panels and batteries, are essential for Europe’s transition to climate neutrality. Deployment, maintenance and replacement of this infrastructure requires significant resources, including many substances included in the EU list of critical raw materials.

Waste arising from end-of-life clean energy infrastructure is projected to grow up to 30-fold over the next 10 years, presenting significant opportunities to reduce consumption of scarce raw materials by recycling metals and other valuable resources back into production systems.

Circular economy approaches such as repair and upgrading of equipment and recycling of end-of-life infrastructure can underpin the sustainability credentials of EU renewable energy.

Improving the climate impact of raw material sourcing

EEA

Type:

Author: 
Ioannis Bakas (EEA), Dirk Nelen (VITO)
Publication Date: 
08/2021
Country: 
EU

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The extraction/processing of raw materials is associated with potentially significant environmental impacts, including contributing to approximately half of the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions globally. In the EU, non-energy, non-agricultural raw materials account for 18 % of GHG emissions associated with EU consumption.

Given the EU's commitment to reducing its GHG emissions, and the European Green Deal's aspiration to achieve a climate-neutral continent by 2050, mitigating climate impacts from raw material production is central to the EU's climate agenda.

All activities associated with collecting waste materials for recycling lead to GHG emissions. Especially for metals, however, their contribution to emissions is only a fraction of the emissions saved by not using primary metals.

TOP 10 Circular Materials by mass - Market study

Top 10 Circular Materials by mass - Market study

Top 10 Circular Materials by mass

Type:

Author: 
Eveline Lemke, Charlene Nessel
Publication Date: 
06/2021
Country: 
Germany

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Every year, about 100 billion tons of material are taken from the planet - but only 10 billion are circularized. The results of the TOP 10 study clearly highlight the differences between the systems: the waste culture and concepts are different in the Global North and the Global South, as are the objectives of the respective legislations.

In the Global North, the goal is to decouple waste generation from consumption. In the Global South, waste increases with per capita income; here, the old consumption patterns and images of the rich Global North are often emulated. 

Scorecards are used in the study to assess individual materials and their circular maturity in the region. The overall score is shown in the summary per material.

Innovation Deal for a circular economy: unlocking opportunities through public-private collaboration

Innovation Deal for a circular economy

By designing and enabling the use of Electric Vehicle (EV) batteries for multiple use-cycles, valuable materials are maintained, and a range of economic and environmental benefits can be unlocked.

Innovators from the automotive industry, Dutch and French public authorities, and the European Commission have collaborated to identify regulatory barriers to reusing EV batteries as energy storage devices and unlock solutions.

This case study by the Ellen MacArthur Foundation is part of a series of case studies that exemplify elements of the Universal circular economy policy goals (2021) in practice.

France’s Anti-waste and Circular Economy Law: eliminating waste and promoting social inclusion

France’s Anti-waste and Circular Economy Law

France’s Anti-waste and Circular Economy Law is a great example of cross-sectoral collaboration. Policymakers, municipalities, NGOs and businesses worked together with the public administration to identify a richer range of needs, solutions, and policy measures. As a result, the law is ambitious and contributes to a system-wide transition towards a circular economy.

This case study by the Ellen MacArthur Foundation is part of a series of case studies that exemplify elements of the Universal circular economy policy goals (2021) in practice.

Wasted bread: New culture medium for growing starters from bakery waste in the fermented food industry

Bread Waste
Author: 
Michela Verni - Department of Soil, Plant and Food Sciences, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Bari, Italy, Andrea Minisci - Valle Fiorita Catering S.r.l, Ostuni, Italy, Sonia Convertino -Valle Fiorita Catering S.r.l, Ostuni, Italy, Luana Nionelli - Valle Fiorita Catering S.r.l, Ostuni, Italy, Carlo G. Rizzello - Department of Soil, Plant and Food Sciences, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Bari, Italy
Publication Date: 
02/2020
Country: 
Italy

Language for original content:

Through fermentation, bread scraps can produce chemical compounds for the pharmaceutical and food industries, fuels and enzymes. The starters (which kickstart the fermentation process) obtained by this project confirm the huge economic and technological potential of a growing substrate obtained from low-cost matrices.

The protocol includes homogenisation of the waste bread (leavened bakery products), with the addition of enzymes and final sterilisation.

The culture medium can be liquid (broth), solid (agar) or dehydrated. The substrate can be used for cultivating lactic bacteria, yeasts and moulds (for the food industry).

About 10% of the bread waste produced monthly can be used to yield a culture medium for bacterial starters.

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