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Knowledge

In this section you will find knowledge such as studies, reports, presentations and position papers….. all submitted by stakeholders.

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Displaying 11 - 20 of 287

Financing Circularity

Type:

Author: 
Jan Raes, Circular Economy Expert (Affiliate), with inputs from Ali Aliyorbek Muminov, UNEP Finance Initiative
Publication Date: 
10/2020
Country: 
Other (Kenya)

Language for original content:

Scope:

This new UNEP report highlights the critical role of financial institutions in advancing the growth of circularity by investing in businesses that take a more sustainable approach to production and consumption. It argues that transitioning to circular economies that use resources more efficiently while minimising pollution, waste and carbon emissions could generate trillions of USD in business opportunities while protecting the health of our ecosystems. 

The report also identifies opportunities for financial institutions to boost circularity and explores transitions already underway in several sectors.

White paper - Durable and repairable products: 20 steps to a sustainable Europe

Durable and repairable products
Author: 
Adèle Chasson, Public Affairs Manager of HOP , Laetitia Vasseur, Co-Founder and Director of HOP , Alice Papillon, HOP, Ariane Jamin, HOP
Publication Date: 
11/2020
Country: 
EU

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European consumers lack the means to improve the durability of their products. In addition to harming the environment by emitting CO2, extracting non-renewable resources unnecessarily and creating waste, premature obsolescence in all its forms affects citizens’ purchasing power, their right to repair and their freedom to make their products last longer.

This white paper aims to give all stakeholders suggestions and ideas to move towards a world in which repair and responsible consumption are the norm. This will necessarily imply new constraints on manufacturers, that can no longer make products without taking durability and repair into account. It will also require new tools to inform citizens so that they are empowered in their consumption choices.

Guidelines on Pre- and Co-processing of Waste in Cement Production – Use of waste as alternative fuel and raw material

Author: 
S. Blume, M. Hinkel, D. Mutz, D. Hengevoss
Publication Date: 
01/2020
Country: 
Germany

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Different types of waste have been successfully co-processed as alternative fuels and raw materials (AFR) in cement kilns in Europe, Japan, USA, Canada and Australia since the beginning of the 1980s.

In 2006, the first edition of the GTZ-Holcim Guidelines on Co-processing Waste Materials in Cement Production was published (GIZ-Holcim, 2006), aiming to gather the lessons of these experiences and offer it particularly to low and middle income countries as an option to improve approaches to waste management. Since then, waste management has earned a much more prominent place on the political agenda.

This revised edition of the guidelines updates technical, institutional, legal and social aspects of the original document as well as incorporate new ideas and information.

EPR Toolbox | Know-how to enable Extended Producer Responsibility for packaging

EPR Toolbox - Know-how to enable Extended Producer Responsibility for packaging

PREVENT Waste Alliance
Author: 
Agnes Bünemann, Jana Brinkmann, Dr. Stephan Löhle, Sabine Bartnik
Publication Date: 
10/2020
Country: 
Germany

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Pollution caused by incorrect packaging of waste is a serious problem. It can be addressed by designing products that are easier to recycle and by investing in collection and recycling systems. Establishing these kinds of systems requires a strong coordination body, backed up by transparent and stable sources of funding.

Experience suggests that the principle of Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) can have significant potential to achieve a range of policy objectives. The EPR Toolbox contains detailed information about EPR and provides an introduction to a number of distinct issues.

Preserving value in EU industrial materials - A value perspective on the use of steel, plastics and aluminium

Preserving value in EU industrial materials

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Author: 
Robert Westerdahl, Per Klevnäs, Per-Anders Enkvist
Publication Date: 
11/2020
Country: 
Sweden

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So far, the debate on material use and recycling has primarily been held in terms of tonnes, cubic metres, and environmental impact. This is all highly relevant, but a focus on volumes and flows also leaves important questions unanswered.

The report takes a step towards painting a more complete picture, taking an economic value perspective on material flows, and it assesses Europe’s use of steel, plastics and aluminium in terms of Euros instead of tonnes. Its objective is to answer the following questions:

  1. When 100 Euros worth of raw materials enter the European economy, how much economic value is retained after one cycle of use?
  2. What are the main reasons for loss of material value?
  3. How could more value be retained?
  4. What business opportunities arise as a result?

Prevention of plastic waste in production and consumption by multi-actor partnerships

Prevention of plastic waste in production and consumption by multi-actor partnerships

PREVENT Waste Alliance

Type:

Author: 
Henning Wilts, Jennifer Schinkel, Lina Feder
Publication Date: 
03/2020
Country: 
Germany

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The study sheds light on the background of the prevention of plastic waste from packaging and disposable products by explaining the need for action, the environmental impacts and risks to human health.

Experiences of the members of the PREVENT Waste Alliance and their partners in the prevention of plastic waste by multi-actor partnerships are presented by means of 17 best practice examples.

Finally, the study gives recommendations for the reduction of plastic waste and the further work of the PREVENT Waste Alliance. These include success factors for waste prevention, necessary next steps and conclusions regarding the necessary political framework conditions.

Analysing European Union circular economy policies: words versus actions

Analysing European Union circular economy policies: words versus actions

ScienceDirect

The academic paper "Analysing European Union circular economy policies: words versus actions" comprehensively reviews and analyses the EU’s circular economy (CE) policies. Results show a dichotomy between words and actions, with a discourse that is rather holistic, while policies focus on “end of pipe solutions”.

To address these limitations, the paper proposes a set of 32 science-based policy recommendations which can help strengthen circular economy policies both within and outside the EU. This research thus brings key insights for practitioners and academics seeking to better understand the EU’s CE policies and how to improve circular economy implementation at both national and international level.

See here for more results, insights and recommendations.

Circular Czechia 2 - A circular economy as an opportunity for successful innovations of Czech firms

Circular Czechia 2 - The circular economy as an opportunity for innovative Czech firms

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Author: 
The Institute for the Circular Economy, Direct People, JIC ( South Moravian Innovation Centre)
Publication Date: 
11/2020
Country: 
Czech Republic

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Key Area:

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This report follows on from the publication Circular Czechia from July 2018, exploring the circular economy in the Czech Republic.

The report explains how innovation has developed in this field since 2018, and aims to be an inspiration for firms, organisations and authorities on how to implement circular principles. It sets out a wide selection of good practices from the Czech Republic, and includes the retail, wastewater treatment, transport, construction and furniture sectors. 

Innovation competition for sustainable plastic use: How do we shape a sustainable food system?

Innovation competition for sustainable plastic use: How do we shape a sustainable food system?

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Author: 
Swedish Environmental Protection Agency
Publication Date: 
10/2020
Country: 
Sweden

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This report describes innovation competition as a method of tackling major environmental challenges, specifically how to provide food sustainably and resource-efficiently in the future.

Two teams with expertise in plastics, logistics and sustainability developed solutions focused on a more regional food supply enabling us to reduce the amount of plastic, packaging and transport used. The winning submission is a conversion tool describing the principles of sustainable production and consumption of food.

Contributions to evaluate design investment in Portuguese agro-food industry

Circular design for circular economy

Composto organico

Type:

Author: 
Filipa Pias
Publication Date: 
05/2017
Country: 
Portugal

Language for original content:

How can design help the circular economy? Design is born from the need to find or adapt solutions to everyday problems.

Design is present throughout the value chain: production, location, distribution, transformation, transport, sales and user experience. Design can minimise the impact on the environment and simultaneously empower people in their habits and environmental preservation. This is done through shapes, materials, production processes, colours, legibility, concept and narratives that value what is systemic.

A design project starts by thinking about what you intend to achieve. A design collaboration (a dynamic of cause and effect) helps identify weaknesses and opportunities when it comes to adopting a circular design to each stage of the process.

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