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Knowledge

In this section you will find existing studies and reports published in relation to the circular economy.

Studies, academic papers, business reports… are submitted by stakeholders, industry or authors. To propose your own publication, fill in our online specific form.

Displaying 71 - 76 of 76

A Study pertaining to Finland, France, the Netherlands, Spain and Sweden

The Circular Economy and Benefits for Society - A Study pertaining to Finland, France, the Netherlands, Spain and Sweden

A Study pertaining to Finland, France, the Netherlands, Spain and Sweden

Type:

Author: 
Anders Wijkman, Kristian Skånberg
Publication Date: 
11/2015
Country: 
Finland, France, Netherlands, Spain, Sweden

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Sector:

Contact: 
Club of Rome

The central theme of this report is how to greatly enhance resource efficiency. The proposition is that a circular economy, where products are designed for ease of recycling, reuse, disassembly and remanufacturing should replace the traditional, linear ’take, make & dispose’ model that has dominated the economy so far. This, no doubt, is a major prerequisite to stay within the Planetary Boundaries.

Achieving 'Growth Within'

Achieving growth within

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Author: 
SYSTEMIQ, Ellen MacArthur Foundation, Stiftungsfonds für Umweltökonomie und Nachhaltigkeit (SUN)
Publication Date: 
01/2017
Country: 
EU

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Scope:

Contact: 
Ellen MacArthur Foundation

The report identifies ten attractive circular innovation and investment priorities for Europe until 2025, totalling €320 billion. Despite the favourable financial context,   investment in circular economy opportunities is still generally too low. The Foundation's previous research Growth Within outlined a long-term circular economy vision for Europe; this new report identifies the most important investment opportunities along with the policy reforms and business actions needed to unlock them. The report focuses on the mobility, food and built environment value chains, which together represent 60% of consumer expenditure and 80% of resource use.

Growth Within: a circular economy vision for a competitive Europe

Growth Within: a circular economy vision for a competitive Europe

Growth Within: a circular economy vision for a competitive Europe

Type:

Author: 
Ellen MacArthur Foundation, Stiftungsfonds für Umweltökonomie und Nachhaltigkeit (SUN) , Deutsche Post Foundation , McKinsey Center for Business and Environment
Publication Date: 
06/2015
Country: 
EU

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Scope:

Contact: 
The Ellen MacArthur Foundation

In a circular economy, growth comes from ‘within’, by increasing the value derived from existing economic structures, products and materials. This major report quantifies the benefits for Europe – in terms of growth, household income, and environmental outcomes – of adopting a circular development path compared with our current linear one. Incorporating in-depth analysis of three of Europe’s largest basic needs, mobility, food and the built environment, the report provides a vision of how the circular economy could look, and highlights wide-ranging implications for government and business leaders.

Circular economy in Europe - Developing the knowledge base

Circular economy in Europe — Developing the knowledge base

Circular economy in Europe — Developing the knowledge base

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Author: 
Almut Reichel (EEA) , Mieke De Schoenmakere (EEA) , Jeroen Gillabel (VITO)
Publication Date: 
01/2016
Country: 
EU

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Contact: 
Almut Reichel

The report describes the concept of the circular economy and outlines its key characteristics. It draws attention to both the benefits and challenges in transitioning to such an economy and highlights possible ways to measure progress.

Circular by design - Products in the circular economy

Circular by design - Products in the circular economy

Circular by design - Products in the circular economy

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Author: 
Mieke De Schoenmakere (EEA) , Jeroen Gillabel (VITO)
Publication Date: 
06/2017
Country: 
EU

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Key Area:

Scope:

Contact: 
Mieke de Schoenmakere

The report explores the circular economy from a product perspective, applying a systemic approach and transition theory. Drivers of product design and usage are discussed in the context of emerging consumption trends and business models. For governance to be effective, it has to address the product life-cycle and the societal context determining it. Indicators and assessment tools are proposed that can help fill the current data and knowledge gaps.

The Circular Phone Report

The Circular Phone report

Type:

Author: 
Circle Economy, Fairphone, ABN Amro, Allen & Overy, ING, PGGM, NBA, Circularise, Sustainable Finance Lab
Publication Date: 
01/2018
Country: 
Netherlands

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Contact: 
Harald Friedl

The Circular Phone report provides practical answers to common financing pitfalls for circular businesses, using Fairphone as the real-life example. All learnings and contract templates created during the project are now available as open source and ready for other companies to apply to their products.

This report gives companies the tools to jumpstart and run circular business models where ownership of products is retained to a certain degree. This incentivises companies to create high-quality and durable products, while customers enjoy the performance of a product without the hassle. So far, businesses striving to implement “Product-as-a-Service” models have had the challenge of reconciling the need to find financing parties with the complexities of their own business model.

To achieve a financeable model for the Circular Fairphone Service, the Community of Practice created a blueprint for Fairphone’s business model. Through the creation of a legal template – a 1st Circular Service Contract- and a financial cash flow tool, the group has proven that the gap between the businesses and financiers can be bridged. One of the other concrete and practical outcomes was a 5-year cash flow projection that enables financiers to assess the benefits and risks of their investment.

 

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