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Knowledge

In this section you will find knowledge such as studies, reports, presentations and position papers….. all submitted by stakeholders.

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Situational Analysis Report of Circular Economy in the Data Centre Industry

Situational Analysis of the Circular Economy in the Data Centre Industry

Type:

Author: 
WeLOOP, TND, LSBU, GreenIT Amsterdam, Wuppertal Institution, Team2, Operational Intelligence, Dialasheep, SIMS Recycling Solutions, Aliter Network
Publication Date: 
04/2020
Country: 
France, Germany, Netherlands, United Kingdom

Language for original content:

Sector:

Contact: 
Naeem Adibi
Carolina Szablewski
Nil Atmaca

The Data Centre Industry (DCI) is one of the most important pillars of current technological and economic developments.

In DCIs, more than fifty different materials can be found per product, including ferrous, non-ferrous metals, precious metals (PM), platinum group metals (PGM), rare earth elements (REE), plastics and/or ceramics, some being considered as Critical Raw Materials (CRMs).

This assessment aims to study DCI design and material composition (specifically servers and switches), as well as to analyse their performance in a circular  economy and  provide recommendations  for ecodesign guidelines.

Promoting product longevity

Type:

Author: 
J. Scott MARCUS, Bruegel, Georg ZACHMANN, Bruegel, Stephen GARDNER, Bruegel, Simone TAGLIAPIETRA, Bruegel, Elissavet LYKOGIANNI, VVA
Publication Date: 
03/2020
Country: 
EU

Language for original content:

Contact: 
Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies

How can the EU product safety and compliance framework help promote product durability and tackle planned obsolescence, foster the production of more sustainable products, and achieve more transparent supply chains for consumers?

Product longevity can play a useful role in achieving the Paris Agreement goals – material efficiency is an important contributor to energy efficiency and is also important in its own right. The product safety and compliance instruments available at European level can contribute to these efforts, if wisely applied.

This study was commissioned by the European Parliament Committee on Internal Market and Consumer Protection (IMCO).

Circular Fashion MOOC: Design, Science and Value in a Sustainable Clothing Industry

Wageningen MOOC
Author: 
Wageningen University & Research
Publication Date: 
04/2020
Country: 
Netherlands

Language for original content:

Contact: 
Team Online Education

The fashion industry has a big influence on the global economy and is known for its social and environmental impact. This online course by Wageningen University & Research is an introduction to circular fashion, brought by 30 experts from academia and practice.

After this course, you will be able to:

  • Understand the role of sustainability and circularity in fashion
  • Understand the importance of design for disassembly and recycling
  • Evaluate new biobased materials for textiles and understand the change in production processes
  • Disrupt current thinking and mindset in the industry and manage the transition to circular fashion
  • Understand economic paradigms and new forms of value creation for circularity in the fashion industry

Read more and enrol.

An online training on how to favour the transition of the furniture industry towards circular economy

Author: 
FURN360 team
Publication Date: 
04/2020
Country: 
Belgium

Language for original content:

Key Area:

Scope:

Contact: 
Juan Jose Ortega

The FURN360 training course is a set of online modules offering 80 hours of training to understand the shift needed in the furniture industry to move to a circular economy.

The course allows to acquire the knowledge needed to transform an organisation into a circular furniture company, with a comprehensive approach across 8 learning modules:

1. Circular economy: an introduction

2. Circular economy in the furniture industry

3. Circular business model innovation in the furniture industry

4. Business management in the circular furniture industry

5. Sustainability in the circular furniture industry

6. Marketing the circular furniture

7. Supporting through advanced Key Enabling Technologies

8. Mini-case challenge

The Circular Economy's Closed Loop and Product Service Systems: A Review and Appraisal

The circular economy's closed loop and product service systems for sustainable development: A review and appraisal

Author: 
Mark Anthony Camilleri
Publication Date: 
10/2018
Country: 
Malta, United Kingdom

Language for original content:

Contact: 
Mark Anthony Camilleri

This review paper of Mark Anthony Camilleri examines relevant regulatory guidelines, policies, and recommendations on sustainable development, where it traces the origins of circular economy (CE). It goes on to shed light on key theoretical underpinnings of CE's closed loop and product service systems.

The findings suggest that the CE's regenerative systems minimise the environmental impact as practitioners reduce their externalities, including waste, emissions, and energy leakages through the use and reuse of resources. Therefore, this contribution offers a critique on CE's inherent limitations and discusses about the implications of having regulatory interventions that are intended to encourage responsible consumption and production behaviours.

Économie circulaire et événementiel : une mutation nécessaire pour le secteur

Économie circulaire et événementiel : une mutation nécessaire pour le secteur

Focus
Author: 
INEC
Publication Date: 
04/2020
Country: 
France

Language for original content:

Key Area:

Contact: 
INEC

Le secteur de l’événementiel est plus que jamais concerné par les enjeux de durabilité et de préservation des ressources. Conscients de la nécessité de concilier l’organisation d’événements et l’économie circulaire, les acteurs du secteur doivent se mobiliser davantage afin de mettre en œuvre les leviers d’action existants.

Dans le cadre de la nouvelle loi française, de nombreuses mesures sont pertinentes:

  • Des objectifs de réduction des emballages plastiques et la fin du plastique jetable en 2040
  • La lutte contre le gaspillage (alimentaire)
  • Les mesures favorisant le réemploi et la réutilisation
  • La gestion et la valorisation des déchets
  • Les dispositions relatives aux filières à responsabilité élargie des producteurs (REP) engageant une réflexion sur la filière événementielle

 

Promoting a Just Transition to an Inclusive Circular Economy

Chatham House report: Promoting a Just Transition to an Inclusive Circular Economy

Just Transition

Today, only 8.6% of the resources and materials in the global economy are reused or recycled.
A crucial transition to a circular economy is required to reach the environmental goals of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and to achieve countries’ climate targets as set out in the 2015 Paris Agreement.

In this context, it is essential to ensure that the transition to a resource-efficient and circular economic model also delivers on social objectives.

This paper introduces the relevance of the circular economy in the international development SDG context. It also explores how a just transition approach can be successfully applied in the circular economy context.

The URBANREC project: new approaches for recovery of urban bulky waste to create high added-value recycled products

URBANREC: recovering urban bulky waste to create high added-value recycled products

Author: 
Anabel Crespo, Head of the AIMPLAS Composites Department
Publication Date: 
04/2020
Country: 
Spain

Language for original content:

Contact: 
Anabel Crespo

Despite continuous advances in municipal waste management, there are still several waste streams that offer limited opportunities for material recovery and thus end up in landfills and incineration plants.

One challenging stream is the “bulky waste”, defined by the URBANREC project as “(mixed) waste from households and similar waste from companies that does not fit (because of its size, shape or weight) in the regular receptacles used for household waste collection".

In this context, the URBANREC project aims to develop and implement a comprehensive eco-innovative bulky waste management system (to enhance prevention and reuse, improve logistics and develop new waste treatment methods to obtain high added-value recycled products) and show its effectiveness in different regions.

Remelting and Purification of Si-Kerf for PV-Wafers

Research: Remelting and purification of silicon kerf for photovoltaic wafers

Author: 
M. Syvertsen, T. Halvorsen, K. Mørk, A. Nordmark, T. Kaden, A. Ulyashin
Publication Date: 
09/2017
Country: 
Other (Norway)

Language for original content:

Scope:

Contact: 
Alexander Ulyashin

Research on Remelting and Purification of Si-kerf for PV wafers is part of CABRISS, a European collaboration aimed to develop a circular economy mainly for the photovoltaic but also other industries such as electronics or metallurgy.

During production of silicon wafers out of silicon (Si) ingots and wafers, about 40–50% of the material is lost due to the cutting technique. The research had kerf from slurry based wafer cuttings undergoing several refining steps and being remelted into ingots for PV-application.

Conclusion: With 10 %  refined material, ingots were still directionally solidified, whereas with 100 % refined material, they were not. The presented refining method does not allow for ingots with 100 % refined material to be used as PV-material.

Recycling of broken Si based structures and solar cells

Recycling broken solar cells into new silicon feedstock

Author: 
Syvertsen, Martin, Ryningen, Birgit, Sabatino, Marisa Di, Palitzsch, Wolfram, Moller, HJ, Audoin, Claire, Serasset, Marion, Pelletier, David, Rakotoniania, Jean Patrice, Dieguez, Joaquim, Souto, Alejandro, Denafas, Julius, Petreniene, Lina, Pranaitis, Mindaugas, Cyras, Valirus, Zulobas, Rytis, Ulyashin, Alexander
Publication Date: 
06/2017
Country: 
Other (Norway)

Language for original content:

Scope:

Contact: 
Alexander Ulyashin

The project Recycling of broken Si based structures and solar cells is part of CABRISS, a European collaboration aimed to develop a circular economy mainly for the photovoltaic (PV), but also for other industries such as electronics or metallurgy.

The paper presents some tests in which broken solar cell structures coming from an early stage in the PV production process chain as well as broken finished solar cells have been recycled into new silicon (Si) feedstock through demetallisation, purification and directional solidification.

The paper explores two different routes to remove diffusion layers and anti-reflection coating (ARC) on broken cells. It also presents the characteristics of ingots produced with the Si-feedstock from the two routes by directional solidification.

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