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In this section you will find knowledge such as studies, reports, presentations and position papers….. all submitted by stakeholders.

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Emerging waste streams: Opportunities and challenges of the clean-energy transition from a circular economy perspective

Emerging waste streams: Opportunities and challenges of the clean energy transition from a circular economy perspective

EEA

Type:

Author: 
Carrara et al. , Stahl et al.
Publication Date: 
08/2021
Country: 
EU

Language for original content:

Renewable energy technologies, such as wind turbines, solar photovoltaic panels and batteries, are essential for Europe’s transition to climate neutrality. Deployment, maintenance and replacement of this infrastructure requires significant resources, including many substances included in the EU list of critical raw materials.

Waste arising from end-of-life clean energy infrastructure is projected to grow up to 30-fold over the next 10 years, presenting significant opportunities to reduce consumption of scarce raw materials by recycling metals and other valuable resources back into production systems.

Circular economy approaches such as repair and upgrading of equipment and recycling of end-of-life infrastructure can underpin the sustainability credentials of EU renewable energy.

Improving the climate impact of raw material sourcing

EEA

Type:

Author: 
Ioannis Bakas (EEA), Dirk Nelen (VITO)
Publication Date: 
08/2021
Country: 
EU

Language for original content:

Scope:

The extraction/processing of raw materials is associated with potentially significant environmental impacts, including contributing to approximately half of the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions globally. In the EU, non-energy, non-agricultural raw materials account for 18 % of GHG emissions associated with EU consumption.

Given the EU's commitment to reducing its GHG emissions, and the European Green Deal's aspiration to achieve a climate-neutral continent by 2050, mitigating climate impacts from raw material production is central to the EU's climate agenda.

All activities associated with collecting waste materials for recycling lead to GHG emissions. Especially for metals, however, their contribution to emissions is only a fraction of the emissions saved by not using primary metals.

TOP 10 Circular Materials by mass - Market study

Top 10 Circular Materials by mass - Market study

Top 10 Circular Materials by mass

Type:

Author: 
Eveline Lemke, Charlene Nessel
Publication Date: 
06/2021
Country: 
Germany

Language for original content:

Key Area:

Scope:

Every year, about 100 billion tons of material are taken from the planet - but only 10 billion are circularized. The results of the TOP 10 study clearly highlight the differences between the systems: the waste culture and concepts are different in the Global North and the Global South, as are the objectives of the respective legislations.

In the Global North, the goal is to decouple waste generation from consumption. In the Global South, waste increases with per capita income; here, the old consumption patterns and images of the rich Global North are often emulated. 

Scorecards are used in the study to assess individual materials and their circular maturity in the region. The overall score is shown in the summary per material.

Innovation Deal for a circular economy: unlocking opportunities through public-private collaboration

Innovation Deal for a circular economy

By designing and enabling the use of Electric Vehicle (EV) batteries for multiple use-cycles, valuable materials are maintained, and a range of economic and environmental benefits can be unlocked.

Innovators from the automotive industry, Dutch and French public authorities, and the European Commission have collaborated to identify regulatory barriers to reusing EV batteries as energy storage devices and unlock solutions.

This case study by the Ellen MacArthur Foundation is part of a series of case studies that exemplify elements of the Universal circular economy policy goals (2021) in practice.

France’s Anti-waste and Circular Economy Law: eliminating waste and promoting social inclusion

France’s Anti-waste and Circular Economy Law

France’s Anti-waste and Circular Economy Law is a great example of cross-sectoral collaboration. Policymakers, municipalities, NGOs and businesses worked together with the public administration to identify a richer range of needs, solutions, and policy measures. As a result, the law is ambitious and contributes to a system-wide transition towards a circular economy.

This case study by the Ellen MacArthur Foundation is part of a series of case studies that exemplify elements of the Universal circular economy policy goals (2021) in practice.

Wasted bread: New culture medium for growing starters from bakery waste in the fermented food industry

Bread Waste
Author: 
Michela Verni - Department of Soil, Plant and Food Sciences, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Bari, Italy, Andrea Minisci - Valle Fiorita Catering S.r.l, Ostuni, Italy, Sonia Convertino -Valle Fiorita Catering S.r.l, Ostuni, Italy, Luana Nionelli - Valle Fiorita Catering S.r.l, Ostuni, Italy, Carlo G. Rizzello - Department of Soil, Plant and Food Sciences, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Bari, Italy
Publication Date: 
02/2020
Country: 
Italy

Language for original content:

Through fermentation, bread scraps can produce chemical compounds for the pharmaceutical and food industries, fuels and enzymes. The starters (which kickstart the fermentation process) obtained by this project confirm the huge economic and technological potential of a growing substrate obtained from low-cost matrices.

The protocol includes homogenisation of the waste bread (leavened bakery products), with the addition of enzymes and final sterilisation.

The culture medium can be liquid (broth), solid (agar) or dehydrated. The substrate can be used for cultivating lactic bacteria, yeasts and moulds (for the food industry).

About 10% of the bread waste produced monthly can be used to yield a culture medium for bacterial starters.

Promotion of the circular economy in the Hotel Industry in Cyprus and Greece – Preliminary assessment of the current status of circular economy

Promotion of Circular Economy in the hotel industry in Cyprus and Greece

Hotels4Climate
Author: 
Cyprus Federation of Employers & Industrialists (OEB), Institute of Greek Tourism Confederation (INSETE), Public Policy Consultancy adelphi
Publication Date: 
12/2020
Country: 
Cyprus

Language for original content:

Antri Constantinou Contact details

This report is published by the Cyprus Federation of Employers & Industrialists (OEB), the Institute of Greek Tourism Confederation (INSETE) and the public policy consultancy adelphi (Germany) as part of the European project Hotels4Climate financed by EUKI.

The report aims to assess the current state of circularity in the hotel industry in Cyprus and Greece by conducting national surveys in both countries targeting hotels in order to:

  • identify the priority sectors within the main services offered by hotels, the business challenges and opportunities to move to circular economy,
  • create successful, flexible and resilient circular business models, and
  • identify a number of internal and external barriers that raise obstacles to the transition to circular economy.

Les Partenariats, socle de l'économie circulaire

Partnerships are a cornerstone of successful circular economy initiatives, shows EpE report

Partenariats image
Author: 
Entreprises pour l'Environnement (EpE)
Publication Date: 
06/2021
Country: 
EU, France

Language for original content:

Sector:

The circular economy is an alternative to the dominant economic model, which causes considerable damage to the environment as it is based on the linear use of resources.

The development of the circular economy has been hindered by a number of economic, technological and regulatory constraints.

EpE's natural resources commission has spent three years identifying what makes circular economy initiatives successful. An analysis of 27 circular economy initiatives carried out by companies shows that partnerships are one key to overcoming these constraints. A closer examination of these partnerships sheds light on various forms of governance.

Re-defining Value – The Manufacturing Revolution Remanufacturing, Refurbishment, Repair and Direct Reuse in the Circular Economy

The Manufacturing Revolution: Remanufacturing, Refurbishment, Repair and Direct Reuse in the Circular Economy

IRP

Type:

Author: 
International Resource Panel
Publication Date: 
10/2018
Country: 
Other (Global)

Language for original content:

Key Area:

Scope:

This report connects the potential for resource efficiency, via circular economy and the value-retention processes (VRPs), with a policy-relevant lens. It is one of the first to quantify the current-state and potential impacts associated with the inclusion of VRPs within industrial economic systems.

In order to do that the assessment applies the different VRPs to a series of products within three industrial sectors and quantifies benefits in relation to the original manufactured product, such as the material requirement, the energy used, the waste as well as the costs and the generation of jobs.

The report also highlights the systemic barriers that may inhibit progressive scale-up including regulatory, market, technology and infrastructure barriers, and how they could be overcome.

Policy options to eliminate additional marine plastic litter by 2050 under the G20 Osaka Blue Ocean vision

Policy Options to Eliminate Additional Marine Plastic Litter by 2050 under the Osaka Blue Ocean Vision

IRP

Type:

Author: 
International Resource Panel
Publication Date: 
07/2021
Country: 
Other (Global)

Language for original content:

Scope:

The International Resource Panel think piece provides policy options to reduce marine plastic litter and achieve the Osaka Blue Ocean Vision, which voluntarily commits G20 countries to “reduce additional pollution by marine plastic litter to zero by 2050 through a comprehensive life-cycle approach”.

The report shows the marine plastic litter trends relevant to 2050, summarizes the current plastic policy landscape and explores policy upstream and downstream interventions to reduce marine plastic litter and to transition to a circular plastic economy. They include, among others, actions to design out waste, incentivise reuse, and exploit market-based instruments.

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