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Knowledge

In this section you will find knowledge such as studies, reports, presentations and position papers….. all submitted by stakeholders.

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The big food redesign

The big food redesign

While the current food system has sustained a growing population and brought economic development, much of it is essentially ‘linear’ and extractive, particularly in more developed markets. It is wasteful, polluting, and depletive, and is the primary driver of biodiversity loss and accounts for a third of global greenhouse gas emissions.

The big food redesign study by Ellen MacArthur Foundation looks at the role fast-moving consumer goods companies (FMCGs) and food retailers can play to move us towards a food system with significant positive impacts for business, people, and the environment. It explores the ways in which food products can be designed in closer collaboration with farmers, for nature. It also investigates the crucial enabling role of policies and incentives.

The Nature Imperative: How the circular economy tackles biodiversity loss

The Nature Imperative: How the circular economy tackles biodiversity loss

The Nature Imperative: How the circular economy tackles biodiversity loss
Author: 
Ellen MacArthur Foundation
Publication Date: 
09/2021
Country: 
United Kingdom
United Kingdom

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Regenerating nature requires an economic transformation. To halt and reverse biodiversity loss, we need to fundamentally transform the way we produce, use, and consume our products and food. Conservation and restoration efforts alone – crucial though they are – will not be enough. The circular economy offers a framework for such a transformation. Applied together, its three principles are able to help tackle the root causes of biodiversity loss and enable the regeneration of nature. These biodiversity benefits can be demonstrated across different industry sectors, as shown in this new study by Ellen MacArthur Foundation. This paper also highlights the key steps businesses and policymakers can take to scale the circular economy potential and help shape a nature-positive future.

The Beverage Carton Roadmap to 2030 and beyond

ACE logo
Author: 
ACE
Publication Date: 
03/2021
Country: 
Belgium

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The Alliance for Beverage Cartons and the Environment (ACE) and its members have set out the industry’s vision for the future: they intend to deliver renewable, climate positive and circular packaging for resilient food supply systems.

Through its robust and ambitious Roadmap, the industry commits to take action throughout the industry value chain, from sustainable sourcing to climate impact and recycling. Its ten commitments include increasing the collection and recycling of beverage cartons to reach a 90% collection rate and at least a 70% recycling rate by 2030, and decarbonising the industry’s value chain in line with the 1.5o C aligned science-based targets.

Enhancing the Sustainability of Batteries: A Joint NGO Position Paper on the EU Battery Regulation Proposal

enhancing_the_sustainabilitys_of_batteries
Author: 
Philipp Sommer, DUH, Rita Tedesco, ECOS, Piotr Barczak, EEB, Alex Keynes, T&E
Publication Date: 
03/2021
Country: 
Germany

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In December 2020, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a Regulation on batteries and waste batteries (Battery Regulation). In this position paper, environmental civil society organisations (Environmental Coalition on Standards, Transport & Environment, Deutsche Umwelthilfe and the European Environmental Bureau) go through the measures proposed by the European Commission and point out aspects that are either overlooked or should be improved.

Circular economy, ecosystems an biodiversity - Towards a joint approach

Circular economy, ecosystems and biodiversity - Towards a joint approach

Circular economy, ecosystems an biodiversity - Towards a joint approach

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Author: 
Amélie Vaz, Head of studies and prospective, INEC
Publication Date: 
09/2021
Country: 
France

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Given the need to take biodiversity more into account in circular economy projects, this study aims to stress the links between the two and to clarify the role played by the circular economy in preserving ecosystems.

Several guiding circular economy principles contribute to reducing the impacts of our activities on ecosystems, such as non-toxicity, optimisation of resource management, promotion of renewable resources and looping of flows. The study also highlights the fact that each lever for implementing the circular economy can and should factor in biodiversity: land-use planning, normative framework, innovation, awareness raising and training, and economic support.

Study on circular economy principles for buildings’ design

Study on circular economy principles for buildings' design: Final Report

EC
Author: 
Deloitte, Building Research Establishment, In Extenso Innovation Croissance, Executive Agency for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (European Commission)
Publication Date: 
07/2021
Country: 
EU

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This study aims to assist the European Commission to identify policy options that support the uptake of circular economy principles for buildings’ design in European, national and local policies.

The goal is:

  • to increase the service life of buildings
  • to facilitate the use of secondary materials and
  • to improve resource efficiency across the building life cycle.

The study also provides key insights and recommendations on actions for a roadmap supporting the uptake and implementation of circular economy principles for buildings’ design.

Avis sur le projet de Plan d'action fédéral pour une économie circulaire

Response to the Belgian Federal Action Plan on the Circular Economy

FRDO CFDD logo
Author: 
Federal Council for Sustainable Development (Belgium)
Publication Date: 
07/2021
Country: 
EU

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The Federal Council for Sustainable Development Belgium has issued a formal response to the Federal Belgian Action Plan on the Circular Economy. The council addressed issues regarding the substance and procedure of the action plan.

Procedural issues include the vagueness of the plan's exact intentions and deadlines as well as the lack of a better governance mechanism. Substantive issues include:

  • more focus needed on the social challenges associated with the introduction of a circular economy
  • more focus on the impact on the climate of increasing digitalisation
  • recycling of critical metals, and
  • importance of removing all known barriers (regulatory, fiscal, financial, etc.) to the circular transition.

Manufacturing: the future is circular

Manufacturing: the future is circular

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Author: 
Holland Circular Hotspot
Publication Date: 
04/2021
Country: 
Netherlands

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Ethical smartphones, multifunctional strollers, remanufactured milking robots and bicycles-as-a-service: the Dutch manufacturing industry offers plenty of inspiring and groundbreaking innovations for a circular economy. International cooperation is nonetheless crucial to deliver and accelerate the circular transition as the value chains of the manufacturing industry cover the whole world.

With this publication on Manufacturing: the future is circular, Holland Circular Hotspot and the Dutch Circular Manufacturing Implementation Programme (UPCM) aim to bring insights and case studies from the Netherlands to an international level, in order to inspire everyone around the world to act and kickstart circular development.

Strengthening circularity in photovoltaics - Challenges and opportunities along the lifecycle

White paper: Strengthening circularity in photovoltaics

Deutsche Umwelthilfe

Every year, huge numbers of photovoltaic (PV) modules are being installed. This solar energy expansion greatly furthers the ecological transformation of the energy system. But to solve the climate crisis every aspect has to be taken into consideration. This is why this white paper wants to shine light on challenges currently occuring or to be expected in connection with used photovoltaic modules and their disposal in Germany.

To better implement the goals of a circular economy, this paper will retrace the steps in the lifecycle of a photovoltaic module and analyse problems and possible solutions along these stages. After a brief description of the occuring challenges, opportunities and solutions deemed to be effective and sensible in these matters are presented.

Impacts of COVID-19 on single-use plastic in Europe's environment

Impacts of COVID-19 on single-use plastic in Europe’s environment

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Author: 
Schmutz, M., et al., 2020, Cotton and surgical masks - what ecological factors are relevant for their sustainability?, Tsukiji, M., et al., 2020, Waste management during the COVID-19 pandemic: From response to recovery, Institute for Global Environmental Strategies
Publication Date: 
06/2021
Country: 
EU

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The COVID-19 pandemic is having an immense impact on societies across the world. It has caused millions of deaths worldwide and challenged our health systems and economies. The pandemic - and responses to it, involving lockdowns, use of personal protection equipment and stay-at-home measures - has far-reaching health and economic consequences.

This briefing deals with the less visible effects on our environment and climate originating from changed use of single-use plastics due to the pandemic.

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