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In this section you will find knowledge such as studies, reports, presentations and position papers….. all submitted by stakeholders.

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Unveiling a Recycling-Sourced Mineral-Biocellulose Fibre Composite for Use in Combustion-Generated NOx Mitigation Forming Plant Nutrient: Meeting Sustainability Development Goals in the Circular Economy

Unveiling a recycling-sourced composite to help meet Sustainable Development Goals in the circular economy

MDPI
Author: 
Patrick Gane, Katarina Dimić-Mišić, Nemanja Barać, Monireh Imani , Djordje Janaćković, Petar Uskoković, Ernest Barceló
Publication Date: 
06/2020
Country: 
Switzerland

Language for original content:

NOx (nitrogen oxides) are emitted during combustion in air at high temperatures and/or pressure; if they exceed recommended levels, this has a negative impact on the population. The authors found that when moist, limestone (CaCO3) readily sorbs NO2 to form calcium nitrate, which provides the basis for developing a surface flow filter. The substrate was made from “over-recycled” cellulose fibres such as newsprint, magazines and packaging fibres which are too weak for further recycling. The substrate was coated with fine-ground calcium carbonate and micro-nano-fibrillated cellulose, which was used as a binder and essential humectant to prevent a stagnant air layer forming. Pre-oxidation countered the action of denitrification bacteria colonising the cellulose substrate.

Wskaźniki monitorowaniagospodarki o obiegu zamkniętymgospodarki o obiegu zamkniętymgospodarki o obiegu zamkniętym

Indicators for monitoring circular economy in Poland

Author: 
Joanna Kulczycka (editor)
Publication Date: 
10/2020
Country: 
Poland

Language for original content:

Scope:

Contact: 
Mineral and Energy Economy Research Institute of the Polish Academy of Sciences

This is the second book published by the Mineral and Energy Economy Research Institute of the Polish Academy of Sciences.

It is a collection of contributions by different authors focusing on a proposal for indicators to monitor circular economy in Poland. A large part of the work consists in explaining that circular economy is more than just waste management.

The publication is in Polish, but abstracts of the different contributions are available in English at the end of the book (from page 203 onwards).

 

Resource efficiency and the circular economy in Europe 2019 – even more from less

Resource efficiency and the circular economy in Europe 2019 – even more from less

Type:

Author: 
Paweł Kaźmierczyk (EEA) and Theo Geerken (ETC/WMGE).
Publication Date: 
04/2020
Country: 
EU

Language for original content:

Scope:

This European Environmental Agency Report presents an analysis of approaches and identifies trends, similarities and new directions taken by countries in resource efficiency and circular economy (CE). It is based exclusively on data provided by 32 Eionet members.

Its main objective is to stimulate exchange of information and good practice between countries and to support capacity building within Eionet.

Another objective is to contribute to various policy processes, including work carried out by European Commission, European Parliament and International Resource Panel.

The report addresses 6 elements:

  • material resource efficiency and CE in the EU
  • policy framework
  • monitoring and targets
  • examples of innovative approaches and good practice
  • other resources
  • way forward.

Europe’s consumption in a circular economy: the benefits of longer-lasting electronics

Europe’s consumption in a circular economy - the benefits of longer-lasting electronics

Author: 
EEA
Publication Date: 
06/2020
Country: 
EU

Language for original content:

Scope:

The electrical and electronics industry has been contributing to Europe socially and economically for almost 100 years. However, its production, use and disposal are resource- intensive activities resulting in significant environmental and climate impacts.

This European Environmental Agency (EEA) briefing describes how increasing product lifetime and improving ‘circularity’ are essential steps towards reducing impacts from electronics.

Case studies of 4 different electronic product groups show there is potential for significant increases in their actual lifetime use. Extending the lifetime and delaying the obsolescence of electronics can significantly reduce impacts and contribute to meeting EU environment, climate and circularity objectives.

The case for increasing recycling: Estimating the potential for recycling in Europe

The case for increasing recycling - Estimating the potential for recycling in Europe

Author: 
EEA
Publication Date: 
06/2020
Country: 
EU

Language for original content:

Scope:

EU legislation includes recycling targets for municipal, construction and demolition, and electronic waste. This European Environment Agency briefing shows that there is significant potential to increase recycling from all of these streams.

However, to fully exploit this potential, current barriers need to be overcome. This also requires strong implementation of targeted regulations to increase separate collection.

Implementing new policy measures, some of which are already included in the EU 2020 Circular Economy Action Plan, can both directly and indirectly exploit the potential for increased recycling.

Biodegradable and compostable plastics - challenges anf opportunities

Biodegradable and compostable plastics: what are the challenges and opportunities?

Author: 
EEA
Publication Date: 
08/2020
Country: 
EU

Language for original content:

Scope:

More and more plastic products are being labelled as ‘compostable’, ‘biodegradable’, ‘oxo-degradable’ or ‘bio-based’. However, plastics made from bio-based materials are not necessarily compostable or biodegradable. Moreover, plastics that do biodegrade can be made from fossil fuel-based materials.

What is the difference between compostable and biodegradable? What happens to biodegradable and compostable plastics when they are littered? Can citizens compost such products in their own gardens? Can such plastics be recycled?

This European Environment Agency (EEA) briefing aims to answer these questions.

From Linear to Circular in the Textile and Apparel Industries

From Linear to Circular in the Textile and Apparel Industries

Brochure From Linear to Circular in the Textile and Apparel Industries

Type:

Author: 
Mieke Evers, Netherlands Enterprise Agency, Freek Van Eijk, Holland Circular Hotspot
Publication Date: 
09/2020
Country: 
Netherlands

Language for original content:

Key Area:

The brochure "From Linear to Circular in the Textile and Apparel Industries - Let’s make the circular shift together" aims to give a push towards a circular textile industry. Circular economy strategies and business models have the potential to offer solutions for the textile industry:

  • use renewable sources
  • phase out dangerous substances
  • increase utilisation and
  • radically improve reuse and recycling.

The brochure highlights Dutch circular frontrunners that make a change - just a fraction of the initiatives, organisations and technologies available. Only the most inspiring examples have been selected, with a potential to be upscaled and implemented in other parts of the world, hoping that they will also inspire and encourage others to collaborate and make a change.

Bio-waste in Europe - from challenges to opportunities

Bio-waste in Europe - turning challenges into opportunities

Type:

Author: 
Ann van der Linden (VITO, ETC/WMGE), Almut Reichel (EEA)
Publication Date: 
06/2020
Country: 
EU

Language for original content:

Scope:

Bio-waste – mainly food and garden waste – is a key waste stream with a high potential for contributing to a more circular economy.

This European Environmental Agency Report provides an overview of bio-waste generation, prevention, collection, and treatment in Europe.

Bio-waste accounts for more than 34 % of the municipal solid waste. Many countries in Europe are far from capturing bio-waste's full potential. Food waste accounts for nearly 60 % of all bio-waste from households and similar sources. Preventing it is felt as an ethical responsibility for society.

Composting (with oxygen) and anaerobic digestion (without) are currently the two most widely applied treatment techniques. The latter generates biogas - renewable energy - and tends to deliver higher environmental benefits.

Categorisation system for the circular economy

European Commission
Author: 
Peter Hirsch (editor), Christian Schempp (editor)
Publication Date: 
03/2020
Country: 
EU

Language for original content:

Contact: 
Janneke van Veen
Contact publications

The lack of a commonly accepted, inclusive definition of and methodology for measuring circularity are hindering the transition to a more circular economy (CE). These two factors obstruct the development of and access to dedicated or non-dedicated finance, credit risk assessment and the transferability and replicability of projects and investments across regions and jurisdictions.

The Expert Group on Circular Economy Financing proposes a sector agnostic CE categorisation system that defines categories of activities substantially contributing to a CE. A set of minimum criteria must be met for activities to be considered as substantially contributing to a CE. Guidelines with an indicative list of typical investments/projects for each CE category are included.

Circular Europe - How to successfully manage the transition from a linear to a circular world

Circular Europe - How to successfully manage the transition from a linear to a circular world

Type:

Author: 
The European House - Ambrosetti, ENEL
Publication Date: 
09/2020
Country: 
Italy, Romania, Spain

Language for original content:

Many European countries still lack a national strategic roadmap for transposing the European directives at national level.

Some outstanding issues include the need to have clearer operational guidelines for the adoption of circular models and metrics for monitoring the transition towards circular models.

This study has been prepared in collaboration with Enel and with the scientific contribution of Enel Foundation. It unfolds in three main parts:

  • State-of-the-art of Circular Economy  in the European Union
  • An innovative assessment model for socio-economic and environmental benefits of Circular Economy in the EU, with a focus on Italy, Romania, and Spain
  • Policy proposals for successfully managing the transition from a linear to a circular world

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