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Behavioural incentives

A typology of circular economy discourses: Navigating the diverse visions of a contested paradigm

A typology of circular economy discourses: Navigating the diverse visions of a contested paradigm

Typology
Interactive timeline
Author: 
Martin Calisto Friant, Walter J.V. Vermeulen, Roberta Salomone
Publication Date: 
05/2020
Country: 
Netherlands

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Contact: 
Martin Calisto Friant

This research reviews the long history and diversity of circularity thinking to develop a comprehensive timeline, which identifies and conceptually classifies 72 different CE-related concepts from the Global North and South alike (such as industrial ecology, Gandhian and steady-state economics, buen vivir, doughnut economics, degrowth).

In November 2020 the paper was completed with an interactive timeline that helps researchers and practitioners better situate and navigate the concept of circular economy, both in its rich historical origins and in its theoretical diversity. It thus fosters a cross-pollination of concepts and ideas which can help address the complex socio-ecological challenges of the 21st century.

To learn more about this timeline, please click here.

A social currency - turuta - to promote production and interchange locally

Turuta is a project of mutual exchange and enrichment. Starting in 2010 as an experimental project of a new microeconomy, it gave birth to the "turuta market", based on a social currency called turuta (a traditional military march played during Carnival parades). This is used to pay for local goods and services, promoting local production and interchange. Each partner in the turuta market has an online account.

It is a living project being developed by the members of the association ECOL3VNG (local ecological economic ecosystem at Vilanova i la Geltrú, Barcelona). The collective history of this ecosystem is being written through minute-taking (agreements of Board, commissions and assemblies, i.e. the "legislation") and account-taking of the exchanges between partners.

 

04 Sep 2020
Platform Food Waste

The EU Platform on Food Losses and Food Waste publishes a monthly newsletter to help Platform members stay connected, inform all interested stakeholders about Platform members’ activities and inspire further action in food loss and waste prevention.

13 Oct 2020
Peri-urban Living Lab
City: 
Amsterdam, Naples, Ghent, Hamburg, Łodz and Pécs - Online
Country: 
Netherlands

100 eco-innovative solutions supporting the transition towards CE, an unprecedented detailed mapping of waste flows and wastescapes, a multi-dimensional and multiscalar LCA based sustainable assessment and a transdisciplinary knowledge generation methodology, all developed within innovative co-creational peri-urban living labs (PULL) and an online geodesign decision support environment (GDSE).

10 Sep 2020
CEPS logo

EVENT POSTPONED! On 10 September 2020 CEPS was willing to organise a webinar on the circular economy - a key feature of the European Green Deal - as a concept that offers potential for economic growth at EU level decoupled from resource use, which is particularly important in these times of unprecedented challenges due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Swappis: loyalty rewards and community spirit encourage circularity in your wardrobe

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Country: 
Hungary

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Swappis is a clothing retail store in central Budapest that attempts to counteract the linear approach of the fashion industry by introducing a business model that focuses on circularity and the reuse of second-hand clothes. Their membership loyalty mechanism is designed to build a strong relationship with customers by encouraging them to choose sustainable options.

Circular Economy Action Plan - Speeding up the green transition of the EU’s economy

Circular economy offers a path to sustainable recovery

The post-COVID-19 recovery plan should be extensive, as the effects of the pandemic on people and economy have, in many cases, been devastating. The recovery plan must also fully support the green transition to guarantee resilience over the long term.

The circular economy has the potential to raise EU GDP by billions of euros, and create around 700,000 extra jobs by 2030. With this in mind, the economic approach should be an integral part of that recovery. It is one of the messages of a new EUROCITIES policy statement on the EU Circular Economy Action Plan that sets out how cities, as significant engines for economic growth, can drive the circular economy to unlock economic, environmental and social benefits.

Enhancing a resource-efficient, circular economy in the food and drink industry

FoodDrinkEurope - an organisation representing Europe's food and drinks industry - has designed a website explaining what the industry is currently doing to enhance a resource-efficient circular economy.

Entitled Ingredients for a Circular Economy, the website specifically looks at the areas of farming, manufacturing, sustainable packaging and consumers, providing numerous examples of how the European food and drinks industry is helping to promote circular economy. The website also sets out policy recommendations for how to unlock further sustainable growth and innovation for a resource-efficient circular economy in the food and drinks industry. 

With b:bot, plastic bottle recycling counts twice

Based on a circular economic model that combines ecology and economy, b:bot is a machine and digital ecosystem for the collection of PET plastic bottles - with a real social and environmental impact.

Plan d'action Economie circulaire européen - Analyse et recommandations

INEC's analysis of the new European Circular Economy Action Plan

In March 2020, the European Commission published the new Circular Economy Action Plan (CEAP). Following of this publication, the French Institut National de l'Economie Circulaire (INEC) has published an analysis of the new action plan, followed by some recommendations:

  1. promote the inter-sectoral dimension of circular economy (CE);
  2. speed up the integration of the CE dimension into public procurement;
  3. introduce a coherent circular-oriented tax system;
  4. transition towards a non-financial accounting system;
  5. teach people to be circular;
  6. start a discussion on "equitable" needs;
  7. blockchain, territories and behavioural change.

To read the full report (in FR) click here.

 

Impacts and Insights: Circular IT Management in Practice

Impacts and Insights: Circular IT Management in Practice

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Author: 
TCO Development
Publication Date: 
06/2020
Country: 
Sweden

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Contact: 
Cassandra Julin

The report from TCO Development, the organization behind the global sustainability certification for IT products TCO Certified, explains how everyone who buys/uses IT products can implement circular practices. It sets out how circular economy (CE) helps solve many pressing sustainability challenges linked to IT products and contains 33 expert tips on circular IT management.

Key findings:

  1. Use IT products longer.
  2. Circularity helps maximize the value of IT investment.
  3. Market demand is key to accelerating the pace of change. 
  4. Circularity includes IT management throughout the life cycle. 
  5. Improved supply chain responsibility can speed up transition to CE. 
  6. Circularity is a team effort.
  7. Many circular solutions are already in place - just use them.

Ecopreneur.eu: Circular fashion and textile producing countries

Ecopreneur cotton

Textiles and clothing play an important role in our everyday life. But the global fashion industry model is unsustainable. It uses large amounts of resources and has negative impacts on the environment and people. The global fashion industry, therefore, has to make a transition towards a circular model. In a ‘circular’ fashion economy, clothes, textiles, and fibres are kept at their highest value during use and re-enter the economy to avoid becoming waste.

This research note produced by Ecopreneur.eu is a first inventory of the potential impacts of future EU circular fashion on non-European textile producing countries. It uses existing literature and input from four circular economy experts to analyse the economic, social and environmental impacts. 

EuRIC - Plastic Recycling Factsheet

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Author: 
EuRIC - European Recycling Industries' Confederation
Publication Date: 
06/2020
Country: 
Belgium

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Contact: 
Alejandro Navazas
EuRIC General Contact

Plastics represent a serious waste-handling problem with only 10% of the plastic waste generated worldwide being recycled. Plastics recycling is instrumental to close the loop of the circular economy by re-introducing into the economy high-quality plastic recyclates incorporated into new products.

The brochure highlights the importance of moving towards a circular economy for plastics in Europe. It identifies the most commonly used types of plastics and describes the current state-of-play, challenges faced by the European mechanical plastics recycling industry and key recommendations for overcoming them. Plastics recycling’s environmental benefits and economic importance are also touched upon.

The Covid-19 recovery requires a resilient circular economy

The Covid-19 recovery requires a resilient circular economy

The coronavirus crisis has disastrous human and economic consequences, revealing our system's exposure to a variety of risks. As the pandemic forces us to adapt our daily lives in ways we would not have imagined, it is also challenging us to rethink the systems that underpin the economy.

While addressing public health consequences is clearly the priority, before the crisis, momentum had already been increasing around the need for a system reset, and the potential of a circular model.

Far from the pandemic pushing the circular economy agenda to the bottom of the list, this article by Jocelyn Blériot at the Ellen MacArthur Foundation highlights and reiterates that it is now more relevant than ever, and sets out to explore the wider possibilities for recovery.

Scaler Quick Guides – Helping industries increase efficiency through resource sharing

SCALER

SCALER provides mechanisms to accelerate the journey towards efficient and quick implementation of industrial symbiosis in the European process industry. They do this by developing action plans and adapted solutions to industrial stakeholders and communities.

SCALER works closely with a wide range of stakeholders including industrial networks, consultancies, researchers and policy makers at various geographic and political levels, to deliver practical tools and guidelines for industry actors engaging in resource efficiency, reuse and sharing.

To achieve this goal, SCALER is developing a set of reports and guides. They offer insights into how businesses can start industrial resource synergies with other companies to minimise their waste and create more value from their production.

Design Research Tools: How to become a more sustainable and circular designer

Professor Rebecca Earley introduces a series of short films about the design tools produced at the Chelsea College of Arts research centre, and how to use them to become a more sustainable and circular designer. The series aims to help designers access and use the research resources to stay inspired and motivated to design better futures.

European Parliament Study on Sustainable Consumption and Consumer Protection Legislation

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Author: 
Bert KEIRSBILCK, KU Leuven, Evelyne TERRYN, KU Leuven, Anaïs MICHEL, KU Leuven, Ivano ALOGNA, BIICL
Publication Date: 
04/2020
Country: 
EU

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Contact: 
Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies

How can sustainable consumption and longer lifetime of products be promoted through consumer protection legislation?

This in-depth analysis investigates the contribution, or lack of contribution, of the current EU consumer protection legislation to sustainable consumption and longer lifetime of products. In addition, it gives an overview of the most relevant best practices at national and international level and provides recommendations on the future development and possible reforms of European consumer protection legislation with a view to more sustainable consumption and longer lifetime of products.

This study was commissioned by the European Parliament Committee on Internal Market and Consumer Protection (IMCO).

An online training on how to favour the transition of the furniture industry towards circular economy

Author: 
FURN360 team
Publication Date: 
04/2020
Country: 
Belgium

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Contact: 
Juan Jose Ortega

The FURN360 training course is a set of online modules offering 80 hours of training to understand the shift needed in the furniture industry to move to a circular economy.

The course allows to acquire the knowledge needed to transform an organisation into a circular furniture company, with a comprehensive approach across 8 learning modules:

1. Circular economy: an introduction

2. Circular economy in the furniture industry

3. Circular business model innovation in the furniture industry

4. Business management in the circular furniture industry

5. Sustainability in the circular furniture industry

6. Marketing the circular furniture

7. Supporting through advanced Key Enabling Technologies

8. Mini-case challenge

The Circular Economy's Closed Loop and Product Service Systems: A Review and Appraisal

The circular economy's closed loop and product service systems for sustainable development: A review and appraisal

Author: 
Mark Anthony Camilleri
Publication Date: 
10/2018
Country: 
Malta, United Kingdom

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Contact: 
Mark Anthony Camilleri

This review paper of Mark Anthony Camilleri examines relevant regulatory guidelines, policies, and recommendations on sustainable development, where it traces the origins of circular economy (CE). It goes on to shed light on key theoretical underpinnings of CE's closed loop and product service systems.

The findings suggest that the CE's regenerative systems minimise the environmental impact as practitioners reduce their externalities, including waste, emissions, and energy leakages through the use and reuse of resources. Therefore, this contribution offers a critique on CE's inherent limitations and discusses about the implications of having regulatory interventions that are intended to encourage responsible consumption and production behaviours.

Delivering a circular economy within the planet’s boundaries: An analysis of the new EU Circular Economy Action Plan

Delivering a circular economy within the planet’s boundaries: an analysis of the new EU Circular Economy Action Plan

Analysis of the new EU Circular Economy Action Plan 2020
Author: 
Mia Pantzar, Timothy Suljada
Publication Date: 
03/2020
Country: 
EU

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Contact: 
Mia Pantzar

This analysis by IEEP and SEI assesses to what extent the actions included in the new Circular Economy Action Plan published by the European Commission on 11 March 2020 may contribute to a more circular European economy within the boundaries of the planet.

The authors conclude that the action plan is a promising continuation of existing efforts, but ask for more concrete measures to address unsustainable resource consumption.

The authors make five recommendations to EU policymakers in this regard and emphasise the importance of EU Member States and the private sector showing leadership and willingness to innovate.

Sustainable construction guidelines for public authorities – A circular economy perspective

ACR+ report - Sustainable construction guidelines for public authorities – A circular economy perspective

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Author: 
ACR+ Association of Cities and Regions for sustainable Resource management
Publication Date: 
12/2019
Country: 
EU

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Contact: 
Paolo Marengo
Philippe Micheaux Naudet

Sustainable construction guidelines for public authorities – A circular economy perspective aims to help public authorities navigate through the topic of sustainable construction, understand what it means and determine how to encourage it.

The guidelines are especially targeted at local and regional authorities, as they play a crucial role in the whole construction life cycle not only by stimulating innovation and cooperation between all actors but also because they work at a level close to citizens.

Unlike most of the literature on the topic, these guidelines focus on circularity and material resource efficiency, rather than covering only energy efficiency extensively. Moreover, the report goes beyond waste to integrate the whole value chain of the construction sector.

USAD - Lithuania's Reverse Vending Machines - credit for plastic

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Country: 
Lithuania

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In February 2016, the government of Lithuania implemented a “deposit return system”, to give consumers an incentive to return used beverage containers for recycling. To combat litter and increase collection and recycling rates, consumers would pay a deposit amount of €0.10 when purchasing eligible drink containers, to be refunded when the empty container is returned for recycling.

Eco-vouchers encourage sustainable consumption, including second-hand and refurbished goods

Eco-vouchers (Ecocheques) are an incentive for Belgian households to purchase eco-friendly goods and services, including second-hand and refurbished ones.

MUD jeans: circular denims (almost) never die

Circular jeans from MUD Jeans with printed waistband label.

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Country: 
Netherlands

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Customers from the MUD brand can lease or buy their jeans, benefit from a free repair service, and return the worn out items to have them recycled into new denim products - so that the iconic piece of clothing remains in use for the longuest time. This brand philosophy saves 78% water and 61% CO2-eq per jeans compared to industry standards.

"+Ricicli +Viaggi" makes it possible to pay for metro rides with plastic bottles

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Italy

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The Roman public transport provider, Atac, has launched +Ricicli +Viaggi (the more you recycle, the more you travel), a pilot scheme in which riders can pay for travel with PET plastic bottles.

Luxembourg at the forefront of WEEE processing in Europe

Management of WEEE

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Country: 
Luxembourg

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Ecotrel is the waste electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) recycling association for all of Luxembourg which has recently launched a "circularity and solidarity cluster" of business and social enterprises. These take back WEEE in order to re-use, disassemble or recycle it, and also to delete the personal data still stored in electronic waste.

Volpy brings smartphones into the circular economy

Volpy, switch and sell your smartphone with an app!

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Country: 
France

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Volpy is an all-in-one ethical and environmental innovation on the smartphone market: customers can have their smartphones valued, return them and exchange with others directly through an app.

DGNB certification provides bonuses for applying circular economy principles in sustainable construction

Circular economy principles made assessable and measurable in the DGNB certification of sustainable districts, buildings and interiors

DGNB: The German Sustainable Building Council (DGNB) is a central knowledge platform for sustainable building and provides the world’s most advanced sustainable building certification system which makes Circular Economy aspects measurable and assessable.

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