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Leveraging Circular Economy Innovation - Selected Case Studies from EIT Climate-KIC's City Loops Circular Innovation Programme

EIT Climate-KIC

Type:

Author: 
Carolin Hendrys, Susanne Volz, Martin Stavenhagen, Raymond Slaughter, Dina Padalkina, Mariyana Hamanova, Leon Bucher, Shona McElroy, Jamie Brogan, Jana Nicolas
Publication Date: 
12/2020
Country: 
Germany

Language for original content:

Carolin Hendrys Contact details

The intention of EIT Climate-KIC's City Loops Programme is to build circular capacity by addressing cross-sectoral collaboration on a system-level, and within an urban context. To achieve this, each of the five project partners - Circular Berlin, Edinburgh Centre for Carbon Innovation (ECCI), Provadis Hochschule (Frankfurt), Cleantech Bulgaria (Sophia) and Wuppertal Institute - held various workshops in 2020 implementing a 'Circularity Thinking Innovation Process'.

The following case studies give an overview of the different situations circular economy innovation tools can be applied to and the value it creates.

Circular economy in Africa-EU cooperation: Rwanda report

Rwanda photo

Type:

Author: 
Whyte, C. R., Irakoze, G., Katanisa, P., Desmond, P., Hemkhaus, M., Ahlers, J., Van Hummelen, S., McGovern, M., Artola, I.
Publication Date: 
12/2020
Country: 
EU

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Sector:

The Commission's DG Environment and DG for International Cooperation and Development commissioned a study on the circular economy in Africa, and eight country reports were drawn up in preparation for a continent-wide report on the prospects of the circular economy in Africa.

The Rwanda report examines the scope and status of the circular economy there. It looks at the policy framework, trade and investments and the impact and benefits of the circular economy. It also explores circular economy-related cooperation between the EU and Rwanda. It concludes that the government is acting on circular economy principles and is well placed to be the regional hub for Africa in the area of the circular economy.

Circular economy in Africa-EU cooperation: Senegal report

Senegal photo

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Author: 
Bonnaire, S.M., Jagot, J., Spinazzé, C., Potgieter, J.E., Rajput, J., Hemkhaus, M., Ahlers, J., Koehler, J., Van Hummelen, S., McGovern, M.
Publication Date: 
12/2020
Country: 
EU

Language for original content:

Sector:

The Commission's DG Environment and DG for International Cooperation and Development commissioned a study on the circular economy in Africa, and eight country reports were drawn up in preparation for a continent-wide report on the prospects of the circular economy in Africa.

The Senegal report examines the scope and status of the circular economy there. It looks at the policy framework, trade and investments and the impact and benefits of the circular economy. It also explores circular economy-related cooperation between the EU and Senegal. It concludes that Senegal is promoting the green economy as a way to meet basic social needs and support sustainable development, and has adopted a national circular economy policy.

Circular economy in Africa-EU cooperation: Nigeria report

Nigeria photo

Type:

Author: 
Rajput, J., Potgieter, J., Aigbokhan, G., Felgenhauer, K., Smit, T.A.B., Hemkhaus, M., Ahlers, J., Van Hummelen, S., Chewpreecha, U., Smith, A., McGovern, M.
Publication Date: 
12/2020
Country: 
EU

Language for original content:

Sector:

The Commission's DG Environment and DG for International Cooperation and Development commissioned a study on the circular economy in Africa, and eight country reports were drawn up in preparation for a continent-wide report on the prospects of the circular economy in Africa.

The Nigeria report examines the scope and status of the circular economy there. It looks at the policy framework, trade and investments and the impact and benefits of the circular economy. It also explores circular economy-related cooperation between the EU and Egypt. It concludes that there has been no real circular economy shift away from Nigeria's dependence on oil.

Circular economy in Africa-EU cooperation: Morocco report

Morocco photo

Type:

Author: 
Diaco, M., Alami Merrouni, M., Bougarrani, S., Koehler, J., Hemkhaus, M., Ahlers, J., Desmond, P., Van Hummelen, S., McGovern, M.
Publication Date: 
12/2020
Country: 
EU

Language for original content:

Sector:

The Commission's DG Environment and DG for International Cooperation and Development commissioned a study on the circular economy in Africa, and eight country reports were drawn up in preparation for a continent-wide report on the prospects of the circular economy in Africa.

The Morocco report examines the scope and status of the circular economy there. It looks at the policy framework, trade and investments and the impact and benefits of the circular economy. It also explores circular economy-related cooperation between the EU and Morocco. It concludes that while Morocco is committed to implementing policies in favour of the circular economy, the concept is fairly new.

Circular economy in Africa-EU cooperation: Kenya report

Kenya photo

Type:

Author: 
Karcher, S.Y., Wekesa, Z.W., Waweru, J.K., Käsner, S., Desmond, P., K., Smit, T.A.B., Hemkhaus, M., Ahlers, J., Van Hummelen, S., Chewpreecha, U., Smith, A., McGovern, M.
Publication Date: 
12/2020
Country: 
EU

Language for original content:

Sector:

The Commission's DG Environment and DG for International Cooperation and Development commissioned a study on the circular economy in Africa, and eight country reports were drawn up in preparation for a continent-wide report on the prospects of the circular economy in Africa.

The Kenya report examines the scope and status of the circular economy. It looks at the policy framework, trade and investments and the impact and benefits of the circular economy. It also explores circular economy-related cooperation between the EU and Kenya. It concludes that Kenya can be seen as one of Africa's frontrunners in furthering a transition to circular economy but still has steps to make to mainstream it further in its broader economic policy framework.

Circular economy in Africa-EU cooperation: Ghana report

Ghana report photo

Type:

Author: 
Hemkhaus, M., Ahlers, J., Kumi, E., Boateng, P., Hack, J., Bauer, T., Smit, Tycho, Akenji, L., Van Hummelen, S., McGovern, M.
Publication Date: 
12/2020
Country: 
EU

Language for original content:

Sector:

The Commission's DG Environment and the DG for International Cooperation and Development commissioned a study on the circular economy in Africa, and eight country reports were drawn up in preparation for a continent-wide report on the prospects of the circular economy in Africa.

The Ghana report examines the scope and status of the circular economy there. It looks at the policy framework, trade and investments and the impact and benefits of the circular economy. It also explores circular economy-related cooperation between the EU and Ghana. It concludes that while Ghana has become one of sub-Saharan Africa’s most politically stable economies, various issues prevent it from moving to a circular model.

Circular economy in Africa-EU cooperation: Egypt report

Egypt photo

Type:

Author: 
Mahmoud, M;, Rademaekers, K., Hemkhaus, M., Ahlers, J., Van Hummelen, S., Chewpreecha, U., Smith, A., McGovern, M.
Publication Date: 
12/2020
Country: 
EU

Language for original content:

Sector:

The European Commission's DG Environment and the DG for International Cooperation and Development commissioned a study on the circular economy in Africa, and eight country reports were drawn up in preparation for a continent-wide report on the prospects of the circular economy in Africa.

The Egypt report examines the scope and status of the circular economy there. It looks at the policy framework, trade and investments and the impact and benefits of the circular economy. It also explores circular economy-related cooperation between the EU and Egypt. It concludes that the macro-economic and structural reforms enacted recently by the Egyptian government helped the economy grow but did not improve social conditions due to high inflation rates from 2016 to 2018.

Sustainability and circularity in the textile value chain - global stocktaking

Type:

Author: 
Philippa Notten (The Green House)
Publication Date: 
10/2020
Country: 
Other (Kenya)

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Key Area:

Scope:

This UNEP report aims to apply an evidence-based value chain approach, mapping the textile value chain with its stakeholders, as well as environmental and socio-economic impacts along different value chain stages.

Based on this analysis, the report identifies associated hotspots in all sustainability dimensions. Giving examples of the many initiatives that are already being undertaken, the report outlines gaps, barriers and opportunities to work towards a more sustainable and circular textile value chain, highlighting priority actions.

The report concludes that circularity goes beyond incremental improvements and requires a system-wide approach, transforming the way textiles are designed, produced, consumed, and disposed of.

Preserving value in EU industrial materials - A value perspective on the use of steel, plastics and aluminium

Preserving value in EU industrial materials

Type:

Author: 
Robert Westerdahl, Per Klevnäs, Per-Anders Enkvist
Publication Date: 
11/2020
Country: 
Sweden

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So far, the debate on material use and recycling has primarily been held in terms of tonnes, cubic metres, and environmental impact. This is all highly relevant, but a focus on volumes and flows also leaves important questions unanswered.

The report takes a step towards painting a more complete picture, taking an economic value perspective on material flows, and it assesses Europe’s use of steel, plastics and aluminium in terms of Euros instead of tonnes. Its objective is to answer the following questions:

  1. When 100 Euros worth of raw materials enter the European economy, how much economic value is retained after one cycle of use?
  2. What are the main reasons for loss of material value?
  3. How could more value be retained?
  4. What business opportunities arise as a result?

Circular Czechia 2 - A circular economy as an opportunity for successful innovations of Czech firms

Circular Czechia 2 - The circular economy as an opportunity for innovative Czech firms

Type:

Author: 
The Institute for the Circular Economy, Direct People, JIC ( South Moravian Innovation Centre)
Publication Date: 
11/2020
Country: 
Czech Republic

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Key Area:

Scope:

This report follows on from the publication Circular Czechia from July 2018, exploring the circular economy in the Czech Republic.

The report explains how innovation has developed in this field since 2018, and aims to be an inspiration for firms, organisations and authorities on how to implement circular principles. It sets out a wide selection of good practices from the Czech Republic, and includes the retail, wastewater treatment, transport, construction and furniture sectors. 

Resilience and the Circular Economy - Opportunities and Risks

Resilience and the circular economy: Opportunities and risks

Resilience and the circular economy

Type:

Author: 
Joke Dufourmont (Circle Economy), Natalia Papú Carrone (Circle Economy), Laxmi Haigh (Circle Economy)
Publication Date: 
09/2020
Country: 
EU, Other (Ecuador, India)

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Key Area:

Scope:

The report analyses the relationship between resilience and the circular economy.

It presents socio-ecological resilience mechanisms, with particular reference to the impacts of COVID-19.

It explores various relevant topics such as resource efficiency, shared resources, regenerative resources, decentralisation, skills transferability, lifelong learning, flexible labour contracts and the strengthening of the sociological foundation.

It also presents three case studies from the Netherlands, Ecuador and India, showing how local companies enhance resilience and reduce vulnerability in various sectors.

Lastly, it gives recommendations for educating stakeholders in how to improve and implement stronger circular economy strategies. 

Innovation competition for sustainable plastic use: How do we shape a sustainable food system?

Innovation competition for sustainable plastic use: How do we shape a sustainable food system?

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Author: 
Swedish Environmental Protection Agency
Publication Date: 
10/2020
Country: 
Sweden

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This report describes innovation competition as a method of tackling major environmental challenges, specifically how to provide food sustainably and resource-efficiently in the future.

Two teams with expertise in plastics, logistics and sustainability developed solutions focused on a more regional food supply enabling us to reduce the amount of plastic, packaging and transport used. The winning submission is a conversion tool describing the principles of sustainable production and consumption of food.

The Future of Work: Baseline Employment Analysis and Skills Pathways for the Circular Economy in Scotland

The Future of Work: Baseline Employment Analysis and Skills Pathways for the Circular Economy in Scotland

The Future of Work

Type:

Author: 
Leonore te Bokkel, Fiona Craig and Sarah Wotton, Zero Waste Scotland, Esther Goodwin Brown and Joke Dufourmont, Circle Economy
Publication Date: 
10/2020
Country: 
Netherlands

Language for original content:

Contact: 
Circle Economy

This report explores the implications of the transition towards the circular economy for the Scottish labour market. It presents a baseline measurement of the number and geographical distribution of jobs currently related to the circular economy in Scotland and explores the types of circular jobs, roles and skills associated with opportunity areas in three value chains: construction, bioeconomy and capital equipment.

Circle Economy and Zero Waste Scotland designed this report to support enterprise agencies, workforce development, governments, universities, employers and other representatives to recognise the potential of the circular economy for the Scottish labour market and the related skills development needs of its workforce as part of a just transition.

Circular Economy in Serbia: The Process Started

Circular economy in Serbia: process started

Circular economy in Serbia: The Process Started

Type:

Author: 
A. Mihajlov, A. Mladenović, F. Jovanović
Publication Date: 
11/2019
Country: 
Other (Serbia)

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Scope:

This publication sets out the state of play of the circular economy concept in Serbia and identifies the main obstacles that may hamper the shift to the circular economy paradigm. It also includes circular economy initiatives in Serbia and an analysis of linkages between the circular economy concept and the Sustainable Development Goals.

Addressing the circular economy only through waste management shows that the circular economy concept is still in its infancy in Serbia. According to the conclusions, the circular economy goes beyond

  • waste management
  • SDG12 and
  • the environmental sector.
     

The Role of Materials in the Post COVID society

A4M + EUMAT logos

Type:

Author: 
Dr. Amaya Igartua, Co-Secretary EUMAT, A4M, Dr. Winfried Keiper, Co-Secretary EUMAT, A4M, Dr. Marco Falzetti, President EUMAT, A4M, Nieves Gonzalez, SUSCHEM, Rodrigo Martins, EASM, Eric Le Bourhis, FEMS
Publication Date: 
10/2020
Country: 
Spain

Language for original content:

This reflection paper explains how materials will enable solutions for a healthy, safe, resilient society and stronger economy to answer citizen demands. It includes strategic research agendas (SRAs), proposals, solutions, and recommendations of Alliance for Materials A4M community towards Horizon Europe in the post-COVID scenario. COVID-19 has affected the development of current strategies to face societal challenges and led to a reflection on a new global economic model where circular economy will play a prominent role.

The paper puts forward proposals for strategic research and innovation activities to the European Commission, Member States, and the European Parliament, taking into account the objectives of the Green Deal Priorities and Recovery Plan.

Circular Cities Week Report 2020: No city left behind the circular economy revolution

Circular Economy Club

The Circular Cities Week report presents the outcomes of the global event Circular Cities Week including circular challenges and opportunities for cities. It represents a crowdsourced tool for cities worldwide to implement the circular model.

The report explores the association between municipalities pursuing circular economy policy and investments in circular business that create jobs. It also takes a closer look at how businesses perceive this municipal support for circular economy.

The report summarises the findings of a study by the Circular Economy Club (CEC) and the CEC local chapters. The key learnings are as follows:

  1. Role of new technologies
  2. Creating new markets
  3. Need for clear incentives
  4. Policies can promote circulation
  5. Role of reverse logistics.

Wskaźniki monitorowaniagospodarki o obiegu zamkniętymgospodarki o obiegu zamkniętymgospodarki o obiegu zamkniętym

Indicators for monitoring circular economy in Poland

Author: 
Joanna Kulczycka (editor)
Publication Date: 
10/2020
Country: 
Poland

Language for original content:

Contact: 
Mineral and Energy Economy Research Institute of the Polish Academy of Sciences

This is the second book published by the Mineral and Energy Economy Research Institute of the Polish Academy of Sciences.

It is a collection of contributions by different authors focusing on a proposal for indicators to monitor circular economy in Poland. A large part of the work consists in explaining that circular economy is more than just waste management.

The publication is in Polish, but abstracts of the different contributions are available in English at the end of the book (from page 203 onwards).

 

Resource efficiency and the circular economy in Europe 2019 – even more from less

Resource efficiency and the circular economy in Europe 2019 – even more from less

Type:

Author: 
Paweł Kaźmierczyk (EEA) and Theo Geerken (ETC/WMGE).
Publication Date: 
04/2020
Country: 
EU

Language for original content:

Scope:

This European Environmental Agency Report presents an analysis of approaches and identifies trends, similarities and new directions taken by countries in resource efficiency and circular economy (CE). It is based exclusively on data provided by 32 Eionet members.

Its main objective is to stimulate exchange of information and good practice between countries and to support capacity building within Eionet.

Another objective is to contribute to various policy processes, including work carried out by European Commission, European Parliament and International Resource Panel.

The report addresses 6 elements:

  • material resource efficiency and CE in the EU
  • policy framework
  • monitoring and targets
  • examples of innovative approaches and good practice
  • other resources
  • way forward.

From Linear to Circular in the Textile and Apparel Industries

From Linear to Circular in the Textile and Apparel Industries

Brochure From Linear to Circular in the Textile and Apparel Industries

Type:

Author: 
Mieke Evers, Netherlands Enterprise Agency, Freek Van Eijk, Holland Circular Hotspot
Publication Date: 
09/2020
Country: 
Netherlands

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Key Area:

The brochure "From Linear to Circular in the Textile and Apparel Industries - Let’s make the circular shift together" aims to give a push towards a circular textile industry. Circular economy strategies and business models have the potential to offer solutions for the textile industry:

  • use renewable sources
  • phase out dangerous substances
  • increase utilisation and
  • radically improve reuse and recycling.

The brochure highlights Dutch circular frontrunners that make a change - just a fraction of the initiatives, organisations and technologies available. Only the most inspiring examples have been selected, with a potential to be upscaled and implemented in other parts of the world, hoping that they will also inspire and encourage others to collaborate and make a change.

Bio-waste in Europe - from challenges to opportunities

Bio-waste in Europe - turning challenges into opportunities

Type:

Author: 
Ann van der Linden (VITO, ETC/WMGE), Almut Reichel (EEA)
Publication Date: 
06/2020
Country: 
EU

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Scope:

Bio-waste – mainly food and garden waste – is a key waste stream with a high potential for contributing to a more circular economy.

This European Environmental Agency Report provides an overview of bio-waste generation, prevention, collection, and treatment in Europe.

Bio-waste accounts for more than 34 % of the municipal solid waste. Many countries in Europe are far from capturing bio-waste's full potential. Food waste accounts for nearly 60 % of all bio-waste from households and similar sources. Preventing it is felt as an ethical responsibility for society.

Composting (with oxygen) and anaerobic digestion (without) are currently the two most widely applied treatment techniques. The latter generates biogas - renewable energy - and tends to deliver higher environmental benefits.

Circular Europe - How to successfully manage the transition from a linear to a circular world

Circular Europe - How to successfully manage the transition from a linear to a circular world

Type:

Author: 
The European House - Ambrosetti, ENEL
Publication Date: 
09/2020
Country: 
Italy, Romania, Spain

Language for original content:

Many European countries still lack a national strategic roadmap for transposing the European directives at national level.

Some outstanding issues include the need to have clearer operational guidelines for the adoption of circular models and metrics for monitoring the transition towards circular models.

This study has been prepared in collaboration with Enel and with the scientific contribution of Enel Foundation. It unfolds in three main parts:

  • State-of-the-art of Circular Economy  in the European Union
  • An innovative assessment model for socio-economic and environmental benefits of Circular Economy in the EU, with a focus on Italy, Romania, and Spain
  • Policy proposals for successfully managing the transition from a linear to a circular world

Make circular economy simpler, more efficient and more competitive

Interreg MED
Author: 
Interreg Med Green Growth Community
Publication Date: 
09/2020
Country: 
EU, Spain

Language for original content:

Contact: 
Patricia Carbonell

This document is the result of the active involvement of the Interreg MED Green Growth community, together with its projects.

To make circular economy (CE) simpler, more efficient and more competitive, it is suggested to take a holistic, integrated and cooperative approach, by considering all phases in which CE is structured, all levels (from local to European) and all stakeholders involved in the implementation of CE models.

The policy recommendations proposed in the document are structured into six main areas:

  1. Investments and access to finance
  2. Technological infrastructure
  3. Labour market and employment
  4. Awareness and knowledge
  5. Cooperation among stakeholders and technology transfer
  6. Cross-cutting issues.

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