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A Study pertaining to Finland, France, the Netherlands, Spain and Sweden

The Circular Economy and Benefits for Society - A Study pertaining to Finland, France, the Netherlands, Spain and Sweden

A Study pertaining to Finland, France, the Netherlands, Spain and Sweden

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Author: 
Anders Wijkman, Kristian Skånberg
Publication Date: 
11/2015
Country: 
Finland, France, Netherlands, Spain, Sweden

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Contact: 
Club of Rome

The central theme of this report is how to greatly enhance resource efficiency. The proposition is that a circular economy, where products are designed for ease of recycling, reuse, disassembly and remanufacturing should replace the traditional, linear ’take, make & dispose’ model that has dominated the economy so far. This, no doubt, is a major prerequisite to stay within the Planetary Boundaries.

Circular Flanders kick-off statement

Circular Flanders kick-off statement

Circulair Flanders
Publication Date: 
01/2017
Country: 
Belgium

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Contact: 
Catharina Rams

Circular Flanders is the hub and the inspiration for the Flemish circular economy. It is a partnership of governments, companies, civil society, and the knowledge community that will take action together. These organisations are the core of our partnership. Each one has committed to carrying out a specific action.

Achieving 'Growth Within'

Achieving growth within

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Author: 
SYSTEMIQ, Ellen MacArthur Foundation, Stiftungsfonds für Umweltökonomie und Nachhaltigkeit (SUN)
Publication Date: 
01/2017
Country: 
EU

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Contact: 
Ellen MacArthur Foundation

The report identifies ten attractive circular innovation and investment priorities for Europe until 2025, totalling €320 billion. Despite the favourable financial context,   investment in circular economy opportunities is still generally too low. The Foundation's previous research Growth Within outlined a long-term circular economy vision for Europe; this new report identifies the most important investment opportunities along with the policy reforms and business actions needed to unlock them. The report focuses on the mobility, food and built environment value chains, which together represent 60% of consumer expenditure and 80% of resource use.

Growth Within: a circular economy vision for a competitive Europe

Growth Within: a circular economy vision for a competitive Europe

Growth Within: a circular economy vision for a competitive Europe

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Author: 
Ellen MacArthur Foundation, Stiftungsfonds für Umweltökonomie und Nachhaltigkeit (SUN) , Deutsche Post Foundation , McKinsey Center for Business and Environment
Publication Date: 
06/2015
Country: 
EU

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Contact: 
The Ellen MacArthur Foundation

In a circular economy, growth comes from ‘within’, by increasing the value derived from existing economic structures, products and materials. This major report quantifies the benefits for Europe – in terms of growth, household income, and environmental outcomes – of adopting a circular development path compared with our current linear one. Incorporating in-depth analysis of three of Europe’s largest basic needs, mobility, food and the built environment, the report provides a vision of how the circular economy could look, and highlights wide-ranging implications for government and business leaders.

Circular economy in Europe - Developing the knowledge base

Circular economy in Europe — Developing the knowledge base

Circular economy in Europe — Developing the knowledge base

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Author: 
Almut Reichel (EEA) , Mieke De Schoenmakere (EEA) , Jeroen Gillabel (VITO)
Publication Date: 
01/2016
Country: 
EU

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Contact: 
Almut Reichel

The report describes the concept of the circular economy and outlines its key characteristics. It draws attention to both the benefits and challenges in transitioning to such an economy and highlights possible ways to measure progress.

Circular by design - Products in the circular economy

Circular by design - Products in the circular economy

Circular by design - Products in the circular economy

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Author: 
Mieke De Schoenmakere (EEA) , Jeroen Gillabel (VITO)
Publication Date: 
06/2017
Country: 
EU

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Contact: 
Mieke de Schoenmakere

The report explores the circular economy from a product perspective, applying a systemic approach and transition theory. Drivers of product design and usage are discussed in the context of emerging consumption trends and business models. For governance to be effective, it has to address the product life-cycle and the societal context determining it. Indicators and assessment tools are proposed that can help fill the current data and knowledge gaps.

Leading the transition: a circular economy action plan for Portugal

Leading the transition: A circular economy action plan for Portugal

LIDERAR A TRANSIÇÃO
Publication Date: 
12/2017
Country: 
Portugal

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Contact: 
Ines Costa, Ministry of Environment

Leading the transition: A circular economy action plan for Portugal was adopted by the Portuguese Council of Ministers in December 2017.

German Resource Efficiency Programme II: Programme for the sustainable use and conservation of natural resources

German Resource Efficiency Programme II: Programme for the sustainable use and conservation of natural resources
Publication Date: 
11/2016
Country: 
Germany

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Contact: 
Diana Nissler

Natural resources are defined as all components of nature: biotic and abiotic resources, physical space (such as land), environmental media (water, soil and air), flow resources (such as geothermal, wind, tide and solar energy), and the diversity of all living organisms.

Natural resources are essential for life on our planet, and always will be. Many natural resources, however, are in limited supply. Conserving natural resources is therefore of vital importance, including for future generations.

The Federal Government embraces its responsibility in this regard. As early as 2002, it set a target in the National Sustainable Development Strategy of doubling Germany’s raw material productivity by 2020 relative to 1994. The German Resource Efficiency Programme (ProgRess) of 2012 was directed towards achieving this target.

Verso un modello di economia circolare per l’Italia

Towards a Model of Circular Economy for Italy - Overview and Strategic Framework

Towards a Model of Circular Economy for Italy - Overview and Strategic Framework
Publication Date: 
11/2017
Country: 
Italy

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Contact: 
Annalidia Pansini

“Towards a Model of Circular Economy for Italy - Overview and Strategic Framework” is a document that defines Italy’s strategic positioning on the issue in line with the commitments adopted under the Paris Agreement, UN Agenda 2030, G7 Communiqué and within EU.

The document calls for a "change of paradigm" for Italy's economy, for a new way to consume, produce and do business. There is a need for a new industrial policy aimed at sustainability and innovation capable of increasing the competitiveness of products and manufacturing.

Considering the importance of the document, the Italian government decided to collect the contributions of all institutions, firms, experts and citizens who deal with the issue to develop a document that is the result of a shared and participatory process.

A Circular Economy in the Netherlands by 2050

A Circular Economy in the Netherlands by 2050
Publication Date: 
09/2016
Country: 
Netherlands

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Contact: 
Helpdesk Waste Management and Circular Economy

The Government-wide programme for a Circular Economy is aimed at developing a circular economy in the Netherlands by 2050.

Its ambition is to realise, together with a variety of stakeholders, an (interim) objective of a 50% reduction in the use of primary raw materials (minerals, fossil and metals) by 2030.

It has as main priorities: Biomass and food, plastics, the manufacturing industry, construction sector and consumer goods.

Be Circular - Regional Programme 2016 – 2020

Regional plan for the circular economy, Brussels Capital Region

Be Circular Brussels logo
Publication Date: 
03/2016
Country: 
Belgium

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Contact: 
Helpline (Belgium) 1819

Brussels Capital region Circular Economy strategy, adopted in 2016, sets a 10 year framework to move Brussels' economy towards a circular model.

The strategy is focused on three objectives: transform environmental goals into economic opportunities, anchor the Brussels economy, where possible, to local produce and to minimise transportation whilst optimising the use of available territory in order to create additional value for the people of Brussels and to contribute to the creation of employment. It is structured in 4 different axes (combining 111 actions):

  • Transversal ( regulatory framework);
  • sectorial (specific industries);
  • territorial and
  • governance (to bring together 3 ministerial department)

Leading the cycle - Finnish road map to a circular economy 2016–2025

Leading the cycle – Finnish road map to a circular economy 2016-2025

Leading the Cycle - Finnish Roadmap to a Circular Economy
Publication Date: 
09/2016
Country: 
Finland

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Contact: 
Kari Herlevi

The Finnish Roadmap to achieve a Circular Economy goal is to create a shared mindset in Finnish society to promote the circular economy and determine the most effective means to do it.

The Roadmap focuses on 5 focus areas, topics that will initially be used in advancing the circular economy in Finland. Based on Finland’s traditional strengths, these topics include a sustainable food system, forest-based loops, technical loops, transport and logistics, and joint actions.

Geocycle gives second life to C&DW through the cement manufacturing process

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Country: 
Austria

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The cement industry and LafargeHolcim under the Geocycle brand, have developed strong expertise in coprocessing. This latter refers to the simultaneous recovery of energy and the recycling of mineral materials within one single industrial process: cement manufacturing. This waste treatment solution allows 100% of the material input to be recovered or recycled in the production process.

Giving plastic bottles a second life through “Bottle-to-Bottle” in Rostock

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Country: 
Germany

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Every year in Rostock, Veolia converts 1 billion PET drinks bottles into so-called recyclate from which preforms/bottles can again be manufactured.

Turning coffee by-product into green energy

This joint venture is a successful and genuine example of a short circuit circular loop where Veolia and Jacobs Douwe Egberts developed a solution to use spent coffee grounds from the plant’s production process to produce steam.

02 Feb 2018

Less than a tenth of the billions of tonnes of resources pumped into the global economy every year are reused, and this waste incurs a huge economic, environmental, and social cost.

ReMade in Italy: how to measure the circularity in a product

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Country: 
Italy

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ReMade in Italy® is the first certification scheme accredited in Italy to verify the content of recycled materials in a product.

Zero Carbon Resorts project towards Sustainable Development of the Tourism Sector in the Philippines and Thailand

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Country: 
Austria

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Tourism in the Philippines and Thailand is receiving increasing attention as an excellent development option but with the vulnerability of developing countries to climate change it is inevitable to take the environmental performance of the tourism business into serious consideration.

Product life extension through remanufacturing in Europe

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Belgium

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Following the successful completion of the European Remanufacturing Network project funded through Horizon 2020, the Conseil Européen de Remanufacture was launched in January 2017. It has members such as IBM, Lexmark, SKF, Panalpina, syncreon, Autocraft and others who pay annual membership subscriptions to develop, promote and exchange good practise between the remanufacturing sectors.

Cardyon: reuse of CO2 for polyols production

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Country: 
Germany

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Covestro has developed an innovative technology that allows using CO2 as raw material for the production of chemical building blocks for high-quality plastics.

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