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Ecopreneur.eu: Circular fashion and textile producing countries

Ecopreneur cotton

Textiles and clothing play an important role in our everyday life. But the global fashion industry model is unsustainable. It uses large amounts of resources and has negative impacts on the environment and people. The global fashion industry, therefore, has to make a transition towards a circular model. In a ‘circular’ fashion economy, clothes, textiles, and fibres are kept at their highest value during use and re-enter the economy to avoid becoming waste.

This research note produced by Ecopreneur.eu is a first inventory of the potential impacts of future EU circular fashion on non-European textile producing countries. It uses existing literature and input from four circular economy experts to analyse the economic, social and environmental impacts. 

España Circular 2030: the new Circular Economy Strategy for a #FuturoSostenible in Spain

Espana circular

At the beginning of June 2020 the Spanish Government published España Circular 2030, the new Strategy for Circular Economy in Spain until 2030. It contains circular economy objectives and a series of strategic orientations for the period 2020-2030. 

The strategy:

  • sets up a series of objectives for 2020-2030 which will, inter alia, allow a 30% reduction in the national consumption of resources and a 15% reduction in waste generation (as compared to 2010);
  • contributes to Spain's efforts to transition to a sustainable, decarbonized, resource-efficient and competitive economy;
  • takes the form of successive three-year action plans providing for concrete measures to deliver on circular economy.

 

    Scaler Quick Guides – Helping industries increase efficiency through resource sharing

    SCALER

    SCALER provides mechanisms to accelerate the journey towards efficient and quick implementation of industrial symbiosis in the European process industry. They do this by developing action plans and adapted solutions to industrial stakeholders and communities.

    SCALER works closely with a wide range of stakeholders including industrial networks, consultancies, researchers and policy makers at various geographic and political levels, to deliver practical tools and guidelines for industry actors engaging in resource efficiency, reuse and sharing.

    To achieve this goal, SCALER is developing a set of reports and guides. They offer insights into how businesses can start industrial resource synergies with other companies to minimise their waste and create more value from their production.

    Circular Aluminium Action Plan: A Strategy for Achieving Aluminium's Full Potential for Circular Economy by 2030

    The Circular Aluminium Action Plan is the aluminium sector’s strategy for achieving aluminium’s full potential for a circular economy by 2030. The action plan aims to ensure that all end-of-life aluminium products are collected and recycled efficiently in Europe to maximise the aluminium recycling rates and to keep the material in active use. It builds on the aluminium industry’s Vision 2050 and provides policy recommendations for the sector.

    The aluminium industry has the potential to be a key driver in achieving Europe’s ambitions for a climate-neutral and circular economy. Aluminium is by nature circular and fit for multiple recycling: it can be recycled over and over again without losing its original properties (lightness, conductivity, formability, durability, impermeability).

    Leuven Circulair - a detailed programme for circularity, in the context of Leuven 2030 Roadmap

    The city of Leuven, in Flanders, aims to play a leading role in initiating systemic change in cities and society at large.

    The Roadmap 2025 · 2035 · 2050, drawn up by Leuven 2030 and numerous experts, serves as a guide to achieving the goal of a climate-neutral city by 2050. In September 2019 a professional team of programme managers started on no less than 13 specific programmes, which will transform this unique plan into concrete actions and impact on the field.

    Leuven Circulair finds its place in specific programme #09, outlining key actions for circularity in the city with a strong focus on social, repair, refurbishment, knowledge and expertise from the University of Leuven and local fablabs.

    Situational Analysis Report of Circular Economy in the Data Centre Industry

    Situational Analysis of the Circular Economy in the Data Centre Industry

    Type:

    Author: 
    WeLOOP, TND, LSBU, GreenIT Amsterdam, Wuppertal Institution, Team2, Operational Intelligence, Dialasheep, SIMS Recycling Solutions, Aliter Network
    Publication Date: 
    04/2020
    Country: 
    France, Germany, Netherlands, United Kingdom

    Language for original content:

    Contact: 
    Naeem Adibi
    Carolina Szablewski
    Nil Atmaca

    The Data Centre Industry (DCI) is one of the most important pillars of current technological and economic developments.

    In DCIs, more than fifty different materials can be found per product, including ferrous, non-ferrous metals, precious metals (PM), platinum group metals (PGM), rare earth elements (REE), plastics and/or ceramics, some being considered as Critical Raw Materials (CRMs).

    This assessment aims to study DCI design and material composition (specifically servers and switches), as well as to analyse their performance in a circular economy and provide recommendations for ecodesign guidelines.

    restado - Marketplace for the reuse of construction material

    restado - reuse of construction material

    Type of organisation or company:

    Country: 
    Austria, Germany, Switzerland

    Language for original content:

    Scope:

    restado.de is a marketplace matching construction materials coming from demolition or oversupply with the demand in new construction projects.

    The Circular Economy's Closed Loop and Product Service Systems: A Review and Appraisal

    The circular economy's closed loop and product service systems for sustainable development: A review and appraisal

    Author: 
    Mark Anthony Camilleri
    Publication Date: 
    10/2018
    Country: 
    Malta, United Kingdom

    Language for original content:

    Contact: 
    Mark Anthony Camilleri

    This review paper of Mark Anthony Camilleri examines relevant regulatory guidelines, policies, and recommendations on sustainable development, where it traces the origins of circular economy (CE). It goes on to shed light on key theoretical underpinnings of CE's closed loop and product service systems.

    The findings suggest that the CE's regenerative systems minimise the environmental impact as practitioners reduce their externalities, including waste, emissions, and energy leakages through the use and reuse of resources. Therefore, this contribution offers a critique on CE's inherent limitations and discusses about the implications of having regulatory interventions that are intended to encourage responsible consumption and production behaviours.

    Économie circulaire et événementiel : une mutation nécessaire pour le secteur

    Économie circulaire et événementiel : une mutation nécessaire pour le secteur

    Focus

    Le secteur de l’événementiel est plus que jamais concerné par les enjeux de durabilité et de préservation des ressources. Conscients de la nécessité de concilier l’organisation d’événements et l’économie circulaire, les acteurs du secteur doivent se mobiliser davantage afin de mettre en œuvre les leviers d’action existants.

    Dans le cadre de la nouvelle loi française, de nombreuses mesures sont pertinentes:

    • Des objectifs de réduction des emballages plastiques et la fin du plastique jetable en 2040
    • La lutte contre le gaspillage (alimentaire)
    • Les mesures favorisant le réemploi et la réutilisation
    • La gestion et la valorisation des déchets
    • Les dispositions relatives aux filières à responsabilité élargie des producteurs (REP) engageant une réflexion sur la filière événementielle

     

    From waste to wealth: a digital matching platform finds new high-value reuse options for your materials or (waste) products

    circular economy waste management

    Type of organisation or company:

    Country: 
    Netherlands

    Language for original content:

    Excess Materials Exchange (EME) is a young and innovative technology company whose digital matching platform aims to find new high-value reuse options for materials or (waste) products for companies.

    The URBANREC project: new approaches for recovery of urban bulky waste to create high added-value recycled products

    URBANREC: recovering urban bulky waste to create high added-value recycled products

    Author: 
    Anabel Crespo, Head of the AIMPLAS Composites Department
    Publication Date: 
    04/2020
    Country: 
    Spain

    Language for original content:

    Contact: 
    Anabel Crespo

    Despite continuous advances in municipal waste management, there are still several waste streams that offer limited opportunities for material recovery and thus end up in landfills and incineration plants.

    One challenging stream is the “bulky waste”, defined by the URBANREC project as “(mixed) waste from households and similar waste from companies that does not fit (because of its size, shape or weight) in the regular receptacles used for household waste collection".

    In this context, the URBANREC project aims to develop and implement a comprehensive eco-innovative bulky waste management system (to enhance prevention and reuse, improve logistics and develop new waste treatment methods to obtain high added-value recycled products) and show its effectiveness in different regions.

    Remelting and Purification of Si-Kerf for PV-Wafers

    Research: Remelting and purification of silicon kerf for photovoltaic wafers

    Author: 
    M. Syvertsen, T. Halvorsen, K. Mørk, A. Nordmark, T. Kaden, A. Ulyashin
    Publication Date: 
    09/2017
    Country: 
    Other (Norway)

    Language for original content:

    Scope:

    Contact: 
    Alexander Ulyashin

    Research on Remelting and Purification of Si-kerf for PV wafers is part of CABRISS, a European collaboration aimed to develop a circular economy mainly for the photovoltaic but also other industries such as electronics or metallurgy.

    During production of silicon wafers out of silicon (Si) ingots and wafers, about 40–50% of the material is lost due to the cutting technique. The research had kerf from slurry based wafer cuttings undergoing several refining steps and being remelted into ingots for PV-application.

    Conclusion: With 10%  refined material, ingots were still directionally solidified, whereas with 100% refined material, they were not. The presented refining method does not allow for ingots with 100% refined material to be used as PV-material.

    Recycling of broken Si based structures and solar cells

    Recycling broken solar cells into new silicon feedstock

    Author: 
    Syvertsen, Martin, Ryningen, Birgit, Sabatino, Marisa Di, Palitzsch, Wolfram, Moller, HJ, Audoin, Claire, Serasset, Marion, Pelletier, David, Rakotoniania, Jean Patrice, Dieguez, Joaquim, Souto, Alejandro, Denafas, Julius, Petreniene, Lina, Pranaitis, Mindaugas, Cyras, Valirus, Zulobas, Rytis, Ulyashin, Alexander
    Publication Date: 
    06/2017
    Country: 
    Other (Norway)

    Language for original content:

    Scope:

    Contact: 
    Alexander Ulyashin

    The project Recycling of broken Si based structures and solar cells is part of CABRISS, a European collaboration aimed to develop a circular economy mainly for the photovoltaic (PV), but also for other industries such as electronics or metallurgy.

    The paper presents some tests in which broken solar cell structures coming from an early stage in the PV production process chain as well as broken finished solar cells have been recycled into new silicon (Si) feedstock through demetallisation, purification and directional solidification.

    The paper explores two different routes to remove diffusion layers and anti-reflection coating (ARC) on broken cells. It also presents the characteristics of ingots produced with the Si-feedstock from the two routes by directional solidification.

    From digging to building: construction site excavations make perfect, low-emission new bricks

    Circular building earth building Compressed earth blocks

    At its production site in Brussels, BC materials blends and transforms ordinary earth streams - what some consider to be waste - into perfectly circular building materials.

    Overview Circular Flanders: a 2017-2019 retrospective

    Circular Flanders

    This retrospective report is a review of the plans set out by Circular Flanders in the Kick-off Statement.

    The most important finding? A good deal more was accomplished than initially anticipated. For example, the opportunity to launch three Open Calls, permitting the funding of over 130 innovative circular economy projects. The Green Deal on Circular Construction was also an unprecedented opportunity, as was the complementary reinforcement of the OVAM team of experts in ecodesign and area-specific operations, allowing the scope to expand.

    This retrospective report is an interactive PDF. External links to downloads or online resources have been embedded on each project page for easy accessibility.

    Chambers for a Circular Economy - Actions to Support SMEs' Transition to a Circular Economy

    Type:

    Author: 
    Valerio Burlizzi, Clemens Rosenmayr
    Publication Date: 
    02/2020
    Country: 
    Belgium

    Language for original content:

    Contact: 
    Valerio Burlizzi
    Clemens Rosenmayr

    "Chambers for a Circular Economy - Actions to Support SMEs' Transition to a Circular Economy" aims to offer a clear overview of the wide range of initiatives led or co-managed by Chambers in the field of the Circular Economy, with the intention not only to inform and share innovative actions, but also to spur and motivate synergies, triggering collaborations and the creation of new business models. The aim of each and every of these projects is to enable businesses to evolve from a linear to a circular mode of production and consumption.

    This publication presents a total of 32 projects initiated or co-led by Chambers in 13 countries, and categorized under 5 main topics:

    • certification,
    • circular skills,
    • cooperation,
    • reuse & recycle and
    • waste prevention.

    Croatian cooperative Humana Nova gives used clothing a new life, and its members a new dream to fulfill

    Humana Nova

    Type of organisation or company:

    Country: 
    Croatia

    Language for original content:

    Scope:

    Social Cooperative Humana Nova Čakovec encourages the employment of disabled and other socially excluded persons for the production and sale of quality and innovative textile products made from ecological and recycled fabrics for the local and regional markets.

    The Next Closet sells second hand designer fashion online

    The Next Closet

    Type of organisation or company:

    Country: 
    Netherlands

    Language for original content:

    Key Area:

    Scope:

    The textile industry is the second most polluting industry in the world. The Next Closet’s mission is change this and inspire people to invest in quality and reuse what they already have, so second hand can become the number one choice.

    Bring-your-own and thrifty decor make a perfect match in this zero-waste coffee house

    Type of organisation or company:

    Country: 
    Belgium

    Language for original content:

    Key Area:

    Scope:

    To show how zero waste can become reality and provide inspiration for consumers to change their lifestyle, two Brussels entrepreneurs have set up the first waste-free and circular coffee house.

    Sharing platform Werflink enables construction companies in Belgium to reduce waste by re-using materials

    Werflink - Sharing Platform Construction companies in Belgium

    Type of organisation or company:

    Country: 
    Belgium

    Language for original content:

    Scope:

    Werflink is an online sharing platform on which construction sites and companies and can share equipment, materials, resources, freight space and facilities. The platform has been set up in collaboration with the Flemish Construction Confederation, construction company BESIX, Circular Flanders and FLOOW2, to create a more circular construction sector.

    La Caverne d'Ali Baba: a re-use library for art students at ESA Saint-Luc, Brussels

    Type of organisation or company:

    Country: 
    Belgium

    Language for original content:

    Sector:

    réemploi de matériaux

    The Caverne d'Ali Baba (Ali Baba thieve's cave) is an initiative by and for students in the art school of ESA Saint-Luc, in Brussels.

    According to the Fédération des Récupérathèques, of which the initiative belongs to, the service stands as a shared and co-managed warehouse of reuse materials, available to students for any of their creative projects.

    Kierrätyskeskus: a growing chain of big box re-use stores across Helsinki

    Kierrätyskeskus store

    Type of organisation or company:

    Country: 
    Finland

    Language for original content:

    Scope:

    Kierratyskeskus is a growing chain of seven big box re-use stores, selling all possible furniture, household items and craft supplies in the Helsinki area.

    Munich develops a secondhand store to kickstart its local circular economy

    Type of organisation or company:

    Country: 
    Germany

    Language for original content:

    Scope:

    Munich has taken its ambitious waste reduction strategy to the next level by developing an innovative reuse lab and shop concept. Its Halle 2 municipal secondhand store not only enables citizens to take responsibility for living more sustainably, it also provides opportunities for job creation, educational programmes and voluntary activities.

    Re-use before recycling of laser printer cartridges

    Generic refurbishing process of laser printer cartridges

    Type of organisation or company:

    Country: 
    Germany

    Language for original content:

    Printer cartridges are seen as a single-use product by printer and cartridge Original Equipment Manufacturers. However, most of today’s printer cartridges fall within the scope of the WEEE-2 directive.

    From expired bank cards to urban furniture

    Type of organisation or company:

    Country: 
    Portugal

    Language for original content:

    Caixa identified the development of a recycling circuit for expired or damaged cards as an opportunity for improvement: bank cards (expired or at the end of their service lives) and non-bank cards (for example, loyalty cards made of plastic) are valued through plastic recycling..

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