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Plan national de gestion des déchets et des ressources (PNGDR)

Luxembourg's National Waste and Resource Management Plan

title page of Luxembourg national waste and management plan
Publication Date: 
06/2018
Country: 
Luxembourg

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Contact: 
Paul Rasqué

Luxembourg's new National Waste and Resource Management Plan includes measures and guidelines for the implementation of the amended Waste Management Act of March 21, 2012. It analyzes the situation regarding waste management and lists measures that will be taken to ensure the re-use, recycling, recovery and disposal of waste in the most environmentally friendly conditions while remaining in line with the national and European legislative context. The prevention program is integrated in the text of the national plan and introduces a whole-system approach for waste prevention.

The overall objective of the NWRMP is to protect the environment, cultural property and human health by preventing and reducing the harmful effects of waste. In addition, waste management has long-term goals, including conservation of resources, climate protection and impacts for future generations.

This plan represents a considerable step in the transition towards a circular economy, and builds on the principles of a sober and responsible consumption of natural resources, the optimisation of product life cycles, opportunities for re-use or failing that, waste recycling.

The NWRMP, among others, includes the following ambitious targets for 2022:

  • reducing food waste by 50%;
  • 65% collection rate of electric and electronic waste;
  • less than 10% of all municipal waste going to landfill.

The plan was also drafted in consultation with stakeholders and citizens over a 3-year period. This included thematic workshops on municipal waste, food waste, construction & demolition waste and treatment plant waste. The plan also received input through the May 2017 'National Waste Day' and further public consultations in Spring 2018. Its implementation willl be overseen by the Ministry for Sustainable Development and Infrastructure's environmental agency for the period 2018 - 2022.

Circular Economy: what we WANT to know and CAN measure

title page of pbl report on measuring circular economy

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Author: 
Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, Statistics Netherlands, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment
Publication Date: 
01/2018
Country: 
Netherlands

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Contact: 
Jose Potting

The Dutch Government has outlined its plans for the transition to a circular economy in the government-wide circular economy policy programme, entitled ‘A circular economy in the Netherlands by 2050’. A monitoring system is required to determine whether this transition is progressing as planned, a proposal for which is made in this report. This monitoring system will document ‘what we want to know, and what we can already measure’ (the latter being the baseline assessment).

In the monitoring system, a distinction is made between the desired effects and the transition process that needs to take place to bring about these effects. The most important desired effect of the transition to a circular economy is a reduced consumption of natural resources. This will result in fewer environmental effects (e.g. due to greenhouse gas emissions) and reduce our dependence on natural resource imports, and therefore increase resources supply security. Reducing natural resource consumption requires circularity strategies, for example by extending the lifetime of products and product components, such as for smartphones, or through encouraging the sharing of certain products, such as cars. This will call for efforts to ensure that such circularity strategies are adopted, for example by encouraging cooperation between product chain partners, removing regulatory barriers and designing circular products. This is a complex and, initially, slow process. Furthermore, it will take a while before the effects can be seen. Monitoring of both the transition process and its effects, therefore, is relevant.

In this report, we propose indicators for monitoring both the transition process and the effects achieved. We are already able to monitor the effects to some extent, in particular the effects of natural resource consumption, greenhouse gas emissions and waste and waste treatment. These effects are being monitored for the Netherlands as a whole and for the five priority themes of the government-wide programme: biomass and food, plastics, manufacturing, construction, and consumer goods. Transition teams have been appointed for each priority theme and have each drawn up a transition agenda (published at the same time as this report).

Not all the indicators proposed in the monitoring system can currently be measured; this applies in particular to those relating to the transition process. The monitoring system described in this report should therefore be regarded as a growth model. The aim is to develop the monitoring system further in the coming years, together with other knowledge institutes and partners involved in the five transition agendas.

Cerrar el círculo: el business case de la economía circular

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Elena Ruiz , Paula Ruiz
Publication Date: 
07/2018
Country: 
Spain

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Elena Ruiz
Paula Ruiz

"Cerrar el círculo: el business case de la economía circular" (Closing the loop: the business case for a circular economy) is a report authored in 2018 by Foretica, which shows the latest trends in circular economy, a practical roadmap to guide companies towards a circular mindset as well as best practices from 9 companies that are leading the transition towards a circular economy in Spain.

Forética is a multi-stakeholder non-profit organisation working to promoting ethical and socially responsible policies at the core of institutional and corporate values. In 2017, Foretica launched the Circular Economy Action Group with 9 leading companies: Ecoembes, Endesa, Naturgy, IKEA Ibérica, ING, LafargeHolcim, Nestlé, OHL and Unilever.

Circular Economy roadmap of France: 50 measures for a 100% circular economy

50 measures for a 100% circular economy
Publication Date: 
04/2018
Country: 
France

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Sylvain Chevassus

The transition towards a circular economy is a key project of the ecological and social transition. The linear model — producing, consuming, discarding — is inevitably leading us towards the depletion of the planet's resources.

We must move towards a different type of economy, where we consume in moderation, where products have a longer lifetime, where we limit waste, and where we are able to transform waste into new resources.

This transition is a genuine societal project whose aim is to move away from the throw-away society. It invites us to change the way we lead our lives and to invent new and more sustainable production and consumption methods. The French roadmap includes four key priority areas: better production, better consumption, better waste management, and engaging all stakeholders.

Roadmap towards the Circular Economy in Slovenia

The Roadmap towards the Circular Economy in Slovenia sets the path for Slovenia to become a circular economy front runner in the region. Designed through an inclusive, multi-stakeholder approach, it identifies four priority sectors, give recommendations to the government and identifies best practices. The Roadmap introduces the Circular Triangle, a model which unites three inseparable elements – Circular Economy (business models), Circular Change (government policies) and Circular Culture (citizens), three interdependent aspects that are at the core of systemic change from a linear to a circular economy in Slovenia.

Delivering the circular economy: a toolkit for policymakers

Delivering the circular economy: a toolkit for policymakers

Delivering the circular economy: a toolkit for policymakers

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Author: 
Ellen MacArthur Foundation
Publication Date: 
06/2015
Country: 
United Kingdom

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Contact: 
Maja Johannessen

The circular economy offers business leaders and government a clear opportunity for long-term growth that is less dependent on cheap materials and energy, and which can restore and regenerate natural capital. This report provides an actionable toolkit for policymakers who wish to embark on a circular economy transformation. It identifies eight key insights, details policy options, opportunities and barriers, and demonstrates how the tools may be applied in a pilot study of Denmark. The Ellen MacArthur Foundation developed the circular economy toolkit with key collaborators the Danish Business Authority and Danish Environmental Protection Agency, analytical support by the McKinsey Center for Business and Environment, macroeconomic and policy analysis by NERA Economic Consulting, and funding from MAVA Foundation.

Toss it in the bin: anti-littering-initiative by Altstoff Recycling Austria

Toss it in the bin

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Austria

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Founded in 2012‚ "Reinwerfen statt Wegwerfen"is a voluntary initiative of Austrian businesses, based on an agreement between Austrian social partners and the Federal Ministry of Sustainability and Tourism to improve the ecological performance of packaging (mainly beverage containers) by creating public awareness, preventing and reducing littering and promoting the separate collection and recycling of packaging.

Packaging & Circular Economy

Packaging & Circular Economy

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Author: 
CNE - Conseil national de l'emballage
Publication Date: 
09/2015
Country: 
France

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Contact: 
Bruno Siri

As is the case with Mr. Jourdain, who was unaware of what he was writing, industries involved in packaging have already implemented the circular economy model. Results in material recycling are relevant proof thereof. Industries are not getting involved in this process out for ideological reasons but because it often makes sense from an economical point of view. Since we were lucky enough not to be starting from scratch, we offered a tangible approach through illustration for each main material and/or packaging category from: glass to paper, cardboard, food cartons, steel, aluminum, wood, and plastic materials. This also includes the energy consumed by the different materials and the waste produced by all the different activities involved. By digesting some of the best existing or developing practices, we wish to make the circular economy model a fully-fledged part of the packaging sector.

Ladeja Godina Košir

Ladeja Godina Kosir

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Slovenia
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Ladeja Godina Košir is recognised as the regional "engine of circular economy". She is the founder and executive director of the Circular Change platform, finalist of The Circular Leadership Award 2018 and Chair of the European Circular Economy Stakeholder Platform. Ladeja has more than 20 years’ experience in communications on economic and societal transformation across the Adriatic region, empowering a new narrative of circular culture.

Circular Change is a private non-profit organisation serving as the entry point for circular economy projects across Europe. Instrumental in the stakeholder-led drafting of the Roadmap towards the Circular Economy for Slovenia, adopted by Slovenia's government in May 2018, the platform also serves as Slovenian Circular Hotspot within the Circular Hotspot Network. Overall the platform advocates for a stronger link between design and circular economy as the key to creating products that are useful, efficient, repairable and beautiful.

A Future-Proof Built Environment

A Future-Proof Built Environment

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Author: 
Ben Kubbinga, Aglaia Fischer, Elisa Achterberg, Shyaam Ramkumar, Marc de Wit (Circle Economy), Petran van Heel, Bram van Amerongen, Madeline Buijs, Hein Brekelmans (ABN AMRO)
Publication Date: 
12/2017
Country: 
Netherlands

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Petran van Heel

The report highlights real-life and practical examples on how to rethink the way we create the built environment, one that currently uses 40% of all extracted minerals worldwide. It offers a systematic view of the sector and identifies clear levers for circular change. With learning by doing in mind, Circle Economy and ABN AMRO share the insights gained during the build of the first fully circular building in Amsterdam’s financial district: ABN AMRO’s Cirl pavilion. With this report, Circle Economy wants to highlight the possibilities in the built environment sector – with all positive economic, social and environmental consequences that a circular building and planning process entails. This report follows the launch of Circle Economy’s Circle Built Environment Programme, a new programme that builds on the expertise the organisation has gained over the last four years in identifying and implementing circular strategies across industries.

The climate stakes of construction

The climate stakes of construction

The climate stakes of construction
Author: 
Orée - Entreprises, territoire et environnement
Publication Date: 
01/2016
Country: 
France

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Stevan Vellet

The most used resources in the building sector, such as sand and metals, are non-renewable resources. Extracted, transported and processed in ever-increasing quantities, at ever-higher energy costs and with consequences which are far from negligible for the environment, their use does not fit with a sustainable logic. Thinking in terms of circular economy prompts us to take another look at these linear and consuming models, at both the level of materials for building, energy, land, and that of waste management.

Leading the transition: a circular economy action plan for Portugal

Leading the transition: A circular economy action plan for Portugal

LIDERAR A TRANSIÇÃO
Publication Date: 
12/2017
Country: 
Portugal

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Ines Costa, Ministry of Environment

Leading the transition: A circular economy action plan for Portugal was adopted by the Portuguese Council of Ministers in December 2017.

German Resource Efficiency Programme II: Programme for the sustainable use and conservation of natural resources

German Resource Efficiency Programme II: Programme for the sustainable use and conservation of natural resources
Publication Date: 
11/2016
Country: 
Germany

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Diana Nissler

Natural resources are defined as all components of nature: biotic and abiotic resources, physical space (such as land), environmental media (water, soil and air), flow resources (such as geothermal, wind, tide and solar energy), and the diversity of all living organisms.

Natural resources are essential for life on our planet, and always will be. Many natural resources, however, are in limited supply. Conserving natural resources is therefore of vital importance, including for future generations.

The Federal Government embraces its responsibility in this regard. As early as 2002, it set a target in the National Sustainable Development Strategy of doubling Germany’s raw material productivity by 2020 relative to 1994. The German Resource Efficiency Programme (ProgRess) of 2012 was directed towards achieving this target.

Verso un modello di economia circolare per l’Italia

Towards a Model of Circular Economy for Italy - Overview and Strategic Framework

Towards a Model of Circular Economy for Italy - Overview and Strategic Framework
Publication Date: 
11/2017
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Italy

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Annalidia Pansini

“Towards a Model of Circular Economy for Italy - Overview and Strategic Framework” is a document that defines Italy’s strategic positioning on the issue in line with the commitments adopted under the Paris Agreement, UN Agenda 2030, G7 Communiqué and within EU.

The document calls for a "change of paradigm" for Italy's economy, for a new way to consume, produce and do business. There is a need for a new industrial policy aimed at sustainability and innovation capable of increasing the competitiveness of products and manufacturing.

Considering the importance of the document, the Italian government decided to collect the contributions of all institutions, firms, experts and citizens who deal with the issue to develop a document that is the result of a shared and participatory process.

A Circular Economy in the Netherlands by 2050

A Circular Economy in the Netherlands by 2050
Publication Date: 
09/2016
Country: 
Netherlands

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Helpdesk Waste Management and Circular Economy

The Government-wide programme for a Circular Economy is aimed at developing a circular economy in the Netherlands by 2050.

Its ambition is to realise, together with a variety of stakeholders, an (interim) objective of a 50% reduction in the use of primary raw materials (minerals, fossil and metals) by 2030.

It has as main priorities: Biomass and food, plastics, the manufacturing industry, construction sector and consumer goods.

Leading the cycle - Finnish road map to a circular economy 2016–2025

Leading the cycle – Finnish road map to a circular economy 2016-2025

Leading the Cycle - Finnish Roadmap to a Circular Economy
Publication Date: 
09/2016
Country: 
Finland

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Kari Herlevi

The Finnish Roadmap to achieve a Circular Economy goal is to create a shared mindset in Finnish society to promote the circular economy and determine the most effective means to do it.

The Roadmap focuses on 5 focus areas, topics that will initially be used in advancing the circular economy in Finland. Based on Finland’s traditional strengths, these topics include a sustainable food system, forest-based loops, technical loops, transport and logistics, and joint actions.

Traditional Christmas ham goes circular with the HamTrick campaign (Kinkkutemppu)

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Finland

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The Ham trick (Kinkkutemppu in Finnish) is a consumer campaign that was organised in 2016 and 2017 in Finland during the Christmas period.

The Ham trick is a cross-sectoral co-operation with Finnish companies and organizations. The aim of the campaign was to bring the concept of circular economy closer to consumers, to advise about recycling and at the same time avoiding that the drains were choked by excess fat when preparing the traditional Christmas ham.

ReMade in Italy: how to measure the circularity in a product

ReMade in Italy® is the first certification scheme accredited in Italy to verify the content of recycled materials in a product.

Social Innovation Repair - Giving a second life to electrical and electronic appliances, the R.U.S.Z case

Following the business model of a sustainable repair shop, R.U.S.Z is a social business which started back in 1998, as a work integration social enterprise for long-term unemployed persons.

Stories of Circular Economy: an Italian Atlas and a competition.

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Italy

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Stories of Circular Economy combines the first online Atlas gathering circular economy experiences in Italy with an annual competition.

 

88 000 tons of safe and quality food redistributed to 8 035 charitable organizations in 2017

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Italy

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With the help of a network of 21 Food Banks across the country, FBAO recovers surplus food and redistributes it to charitable organizations which assist people in need.

Innovative bonus-malus system for increased rates of recyclability in the packaging industry, France

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France

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Eco-contribution is mandatory in France for the packaging industry, as an incentive for improving recyclability from the start. The Modulated Eco-Contribution Scale is an educational and financial incentive tool which promotes the development of eco-design, without being punitive. In order to competitively facilitate maximum recycling of paper fibres, manufacturers must adopt best practices and manage materials so as to preserve their quality.

Recycling batteries now available at your nearest post office (Lithuania)

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Lithuania

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Lithuania Post is encouraging residents to pay special attention to waste batteries containing hazardous materials (lead, cadmium, mercury etc.) that may contaminate groundwater and damage the environment and human health.

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